Comparative Study of Executive :- India, U.S.A and U.K.

  • In the UK, the British Prime minister exercises all the executive powers while they are theoretically vested in the King/Queen. In the USA, the President is vested with all the executive powers, which are also exercised by him.
  • In India, the President is an indirectly elected head of state. The tenure of Indian Prime minister and the council of ministers is five years. However the Lok Sabha can remove the prime minister and the council of ministers at any time by passing a vote of no-confidence.
  • The executives of all the three countries are elected executives. Queen is the nominal executive head of the state. The executive powers are exercised by the British Prime Minister and his Cabinet who are the real executive. In India, also the President is the nominal executive head of the state.
  • The powers are exercised in the name of the President by the real executive i.e. Prime Minister and his Council of Ministers. There is no distinction between the nominal and real executive in USA. The President is the real centre of executive power in the USA. The cabinet is only an advisory and helping body.
  • The chief merit of the presidential executive in USA is its stability and full responsibility of the President towards the American Nation. The demerit of the presidential executive is that there exists the possibility of a deadlock between the President and the US Congress.
  • The chief merit of the parliamentary executive is the harmony between the legislature and the executive and the continuous and collective responsibility of the executive before the legislature.
  • The chief demerit of the parliamentary executive as it functions in India and U.K is the instable tenure of the executive. The presence of two party system in Britain has helped the British parliamentary system to work stably and efficiently.

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  • Q1

    The harmony between the legislature and the executive is the chief merit of which form of executive?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Parliamentary executive

    Explanation:

    The chief merit of the parliamentary executive is the harmony between the legislature and the executive and the continuous and collective responsibility of the executive before the legislature.

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  • Q2

    The chief demerit of the parliamentary executive in India and UK is:-

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Instable tenure

    Explanation:

    The chief demerit of the parliamentary executive as it functions in India and UK is the unstable tenure of the executive. The Prime Minister and his Council of Ministers can be removed from office at any time by passing a vote of no confidence.

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  • Q3

    Who is head of cabinet in the UK and Indian government?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Prime Minister

    Explanation:

    Prime minister is described as ‘first among equals’ but actually he is much more powerful than any other minister. Prime Minister’s strength lies in his being the head of the cabinet.

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  • Q4

    The President of United States of America is elected for a full term of

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Four Years

    Explanation:

    The President in USA, once elected, hold office for a full term of 4 years. He can remain in office for maximum of two full terms. He cannot seek re-election after the completion of two terms.

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  • Q5

    In UK and India real executive powers are exercised by whom?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Prime Minister

    Explanation:

    In India, the President has all the executive powers which are exercised by the Prime minister and his Council of Ministers. In the UK, the British Prime minister exercises all the executive powers while they are theoretically vested in the King/Queen.

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