Comparative Study of Executive :- India, U.S.A and U.K.

  • In the UK, the British Prime minister exercises all the executive powers while they are theoretically vested in the King/Queen. In the USA, the President is vested with all the executive powers, which are also exercised by him.
  • In India, the President is an indirectly elected head of state. The tenure of Indian Prime minister and the council of ministers is five years. However the Lok Sabha can remove the prime minister and the council of ministers at any time by passing a vote of no-confidence.
  • The executives of all the three countries are elected executives. Queen is the nominal executive head of the state. The executive powers are exercised by the British Prime Minister and his Cabinet who are the real executive. In India, also the President is the nominal executive head of the state.
  • The powers are exercised in the name of the President by the real executive i.e. Prime Minister and his Council of Ministers. There is no distinction between the nominal and real executive in USA. The President is the real centre of executive power in the USA. The cabinet is only an advisory and helping body.
  • The chief merit of the presidential executive in USA is its stability and full responsibility of the President towards the American Nation. The demerit of the presidential executive is that there exists the possibility of a deadlock between the President and the US Congress.
  • The chief merit of the parliamentary executive is the harmony between the legislature and the executive and the continuous and collective responsibility of the executive before the legislature.
  • The chief demerit of the parliamentary executive as it functions in India and U.K is the instable tenure of the executive. The presence of two party system in Britain has helped the British parliamentary system to work stably and efficiently.

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