Executive Head in India
- An Executive is the branch of government which has the responsibility of putting into effect a country's laws and the administering of its functions. The entire executive authority in the union is formally vested in the President.
- The office of the President of India was established under the Article 52, Part V, of the Constitution.Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the first President of India.
- The President is elected by the members of an electoral college consisting of the elected members of both the Houses (Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha) of Parliament and the elected members of the Legislative Assemblies of States and the Union Territories of Delhi and Pondicherry.
- President could be removed before the expiry of 5 years term through impeachment for violation of the Constitution.
- President prorogues or terminates the sessions of both or any of the Houses of Parliament. No bill can be passed as a law without the assent and the signature of the President. After a bill is passed by both houses, it is sent to the President.
- Constitution of India places the Contingency Fund of India at disposal of President.Article 72 gives the President power to grant pardon, reprieve or remission of punishment.
- Under Article 123, the President can promulgate ordinances, when the Parliament is not in sessions. An ordinance promulgated by the President has the equivalent force and effect, as an Act of Parliament.
- The Vice-President shall hold office for a term of five years from the date on which he/she enters upon his office. Vice –President is the Chairperson of the Rajya Sabha. He or she takes over the functions of the President in his absence.
The Vice President of India whose birthday is celebrated as the Teachers Day in India isMarks:1
S. Radhakrishnan was the first Vice President of India (19521962) and the second President of India from 1962 to 1967. His birthday is celebrated in India as Teachers' Day on 5 September.
To whom president should address if he/she wants to resign.Marks:1
Before the completion of his term, the president can resign from his office by writing under his hand a resignation letter addressed to the vice president.
The Finance Commission is established under Article 280 of the Constitution by theMarks:1
The Finance Commission is constituted by the President under article 280 of the Constitution, mainly to give its recommendations on distribution of tax revenues between the Union and the States and amongst the States themselves.
Two distinctive features of the Commissions work involve redressing the vertical imbalances between the taxation powers and expenditure responsibilities of the centre and the States respectively and equalization of all public services across the States.
Who was the first acting President of India?Marks:1
Shri V. V. Giri was the President of India from 3 May 1969 to 20 July 1969 and 24 August 1969 to 24 August 1974.
He was elected as the third Vice President of India in 1967.
He became acting President of India in 1969 upon the death in office of Zakir Hussain.
Election to the office of the President is conducted by which constitutional body?Marks:1
Article 324(1) of the Constitution of India gives power to the Election Commission of India to superintendent, direct and control of conducting the elections to the offices of the President and Vice-President of India.
The President is elected by the elected members of the Parliament of India (Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha) as well as of the state legislatures.