Introduction to Executive

  • There are three organs of the governmenti.e.Legislature, Executive and Judiciary.The executive branch is the administrative arm of government which implements and enforces all the laws created by the legislative branch, and as interpreted, from time to time, by the judiciary.
  • The civil servants are politically neutral and they do not owe allegiance to any particular political party. The permanent executives are educated and trained for their jobs and provide expertise to the governmental work.
  • Modern welfare state is required to carry out a large number of tasks for securing the socio- economic and cultural development. The primary function of the executive is to enforce laws which are formulated by the legislature.
  • The executive takes all such steps which are in the interest of security and integrity of the state. On the basis of various factors such as geographic, economic, industrial and technological, the executive formulates the foreign policy and implements it for securing goals of national interest.
  • Although, law-making is primarily the function of the legislature, the executive plays an important role in law making. Appointment of judges by the executive is regarded as a sound method which ensures independence of judiciary.
  • On the basis of appointment procedure of executive it can be classified into hereditary executive and elected executive.  Over the years, powers of the executive have grown and this organ has come to lead the legislature.The whole administration of the state revolves around it.
  • The powers of the legislature in every state have suffered decline. This consecutively has led to the increase in the powers of executive. It is the prime responsibility of the executive to deal with emergencies and natural calamities.

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  • Q1

    Which kind of executive changes periodically after every general election?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Political executive

    Explanation:

    Political executive consists of the elected representatives who are responsible to the people for the working of the government departments. It changes periodically after every general election.

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  • Q2

    The bills passed by the legislature become laws only when signed by the…

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Head of the state

    Explanation:

    The bills passed by the legislature become laws only when signed by the head of the state, the President. 

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  • Q3

    The form of executive which is characterised by separation of powers between executive and legislature is known as:

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Presidential executive.

    Explanation:

    The form of executive which is characterised by separation of powers between executive and legislature, and the executive is not responsible before the legislature, is known as presidential executive.

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  • Q4

    Which among the following is the factor responsible for increase in the power of executive?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    All of the above

    Explanation:

    Rise of welfare state led to the increase in functions of the executive. Executive’s power of legislation increases when the legislature delegates its law making powers to the executive. The executive prepares and implements developmental programmes.

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  • Q5

    On what basis the distinction between the parliamentary and presidential executives is made?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Relation between executive and legislature

    Explanation:

    The distinction between the parliamentary and presidential executives is made on the basis of relationship between the legislature and executive. When there is separation of powers between executive and legislature the form of executive is presidential.

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