Parliamentary Executive in India

  • According to the Constitution of India, President appoints the leader of the majority party as the Prime Minister. If a party or a coalition group gets a majority, the President appoints the leader of the coalition group as the Prime Minister.
  • Any person who is not a member of any of the houses of Parliament can become a minister on a condition that he has to attain the membership of either of the house of Parliament within six months.
  • Prime Minister need not be always from Lok Sabha. Constitution specifies that there is no formal qualification needed for the office of Prime Minster. President appoints Prime Minster and his Council of Ministers. Prime Minister submits the list of persons who are to be appointed as Council of Ministers.
  • Prime Minister can shuffle his Ministry at his discretion. This he does so in order to bring in effectiveness, efficiency and discipline in the administration.He puts before the Cabinet the views of the President and keeps the President informed of all actions and decisions of the Government.
  • Prime Minister is the leader of the Lok Sabha and the Parliament. In consultation with the Speaker of the Lok Sabha, decides all the items in the agenda of the House. He has the power to ask for the dissolution of the Lok Sabha.
  • Prime Minister plays an important role in determining the foreign policy of the country. Indian Constitution states that the emergency powers are in the hands of the President but in reality the powers are exercised by the Prime Minister.

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