Comparative Study of Legislature:- India, U.S.A and U.K.

  • Legislature in Britain is a sovereign legislature, Indian and American legislatures are non-sovereign legislatures. The British judiciary has no power to conduct judicial review over laws passed by the parliament.
  • The British monarch has no power to veto the laws passed by the British parliament. The sole authority which can amend or reject or maintain the laws passed by the parliament is the British parliament itself.
  • The Senate, which is the second chamber in USA is a very powerful house. It is stronger than the House of Representatives which is the lower house. The members of the British House of Lords are not elected but are hereditary and nominated. The laws made by the Indian parliament and the US Congress are subject to the power of judicial review of the Supreme Court.
  • The Rajya Sabha in India which gives representation to the states is not truly federal in nature. The Rajya Sabha in India shares ordinary law making powers with the Lok Sabha.
  • The Lok Sabha in India, too is a very powerful house but comparatively little lesser than the British House of Commons. The Indian speaker presides over the meetings of Lok Sabha. The British speaker presides over the meetings of the House of Commons. The American speaker presides over the meetings of the House of Representatives. The role played by the Indian and British speaker is politically neutral where as the American speaker is a powerful person who works as party leader with partisan approach.

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