- A Parliament is a national representative body which has supreme legislative powers within the state.Law making powers of the Indian Union are with the Union Parliament.
- It is a bi-cameral legislature with the House of People (Lok Sabha) as the Lower House and the Council of States (Rajya Sabha) as the Upper House. The Union Parliament is a non-sovereign legislature.
- The union parliament has a bi-cameral structure, is non-sovereign in nature, has unequal powers of the houses, powerful legislature, provides for nominated members, etc.
- The Rajya Sabha is the Upper House of the Union Parliament.It is the representative body of the states of the Indian Union.The representation of state is given on the basis of the size of population of the states.
- The powers and functions of Rajya Sabha are: legislative, financial, executive, power to amend constitution, electoral, judicial and special powers.
- The members of the Lok Sabha, except two nominated members are directly elected by the adult citizens of India. Lok Sabha has tenure of five years.It can be dissolved by the President of India, acting on the advice of the Prime Minister and Council of Ministers.
- The meetings of the Lok Sabha are presided over by the elected Speaker. The powers and functions of Lok Sabha are: legislative, financial, executive, electoral and judicial powers.
- The Speaker is the most powerful person in the Lok Sabha. He /She enjoy supreme authority on the floor of the House.
- The elected members of the Lok Sabha participate in the election of the President and Vice President of India and Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha.
The authority that presides over the meetings of the Lok Sabha isMarks:1
Explanation:The Speaker is looked upon as the true guardian of the traditions of parliamentary democracy. In the Lok Sabha Chamber, the Speaker's Chair is distinctively placed and from his seat, he gets a commanding view of the entire House.
The money can be withdrawn from the Consolidated Fund of India underMarks:1
Explanation:No money can be withdrawn from the Consolidated fund of India except under appropriation made by law. The Appropriation Bill is in the nature of a formal legislation, to give effects to grants already voted by the legislature and expenditure charged on the Consolidated Fund of India.
The only Lok Sabha Speaker to have become the President of India wasMarks:1
Shri Neelam Sanjiva Reddy.
Explanation:He was unanimously elected Speaker of the Lok Sabha on March 26, 1977. He was elected President by the electoral college in July 1977.
The electoral college that elects the Vice-President of India consists ofMarks:1
members of both the houses of Parliament.
Explanation:The Vice-President of India is elected by the members of an electoral college consisting of members of both Houses of Parliament. The method of electing the Vice President is the system of proportional representation by means of a single transferable vote.
The members of the Lok Sabha are directly elected by theMarks:1
people on the basis of universal adult franchise.
Explanation:The Lok Sabha is composed of representatives of the people chosen by direct election on the basis of universal adult franchise.