Introduction to Legislature
- Government is an agency which exercises the power of the state over all its people and areas. The legislature is the law making organ of the government. It vests in the state, legal authority and force.
- Modern legislatures have the power to make, amend or repeal the laws for the society it represents. The legislature clearly reflects public opinion.
- The functions and role of legislature are legislative, deliberative, custodian of national finances, control over the executive, constituent functions, electoral functions, judicial functions and ventilation of grievances etc.
- Legislature exercises full control over the national finances. No money can be raised or spent without the consent of the legislature.
- The legislature alone has the power to amend the constitution. For this the legislature passes special laws called amendments. The legislature acts as a platform for the ventilation of public grievances against the executive.
- Modern legislatures are featured by unicameral or bicameral system. Bicameral legislature is mostly seen in big countries whereas unicameral legislatures are seen in smaller nations.
- The two houses of the legislature act as a check on each other. The second chamber is believed to cause unnecessary delay in the passing of a bill.
- In developing countries the legislature is facing a considerable decline. With the rise of the system of delegated legislation, the law- making function of the legislature has reduced.
- The emergence of welfare states has increased the role and responsibility of executive enormously.Judicial review gives the courts the power to judge the constitutional validity of laws passed by the legislature.