Introduction to Legislature
- Government is an agency which exercises the power of the state over all its people and areas. The legislature is the law making organ of the government. It vests in the state, legal authority and force.
- Modern legislatures have the power to make, amend or repeal the laws for the society it represents. The legislature clearly reflects public opinion.
- The functions and role of legislature are legislative, deliberative, custodian of national finances, control over the executive, constituent functions, electoral functions, judicial functions and ventilation of grievances etc.
- Legislature exercises full control over the national finances. No money can be raised or spent without the consent of the legislature.
- The legislature alone has the power to amend the constitution. For this the legislature passes special laws called amendments. The legislature acts as a platform for the ventilation of public grievances against the executive.
- Modern legislatures are featured by unicameral or bicameral system. Bicameral legislature is mostly seen in big countries whereas unicameral legislatures are seen in smaller nations.
- The two houses of the legislature act as a check on each other. The second chamber is believed to cause unnecessary delay in the passing of a bill.
- In developing countries the legislature is facing a considerable decline. With the rise of the system of delegated legislation, the law- making function of the legislature has reduced.
- The emergence of welfare states has increased the role and responsibility of executive enormously.Judicial review gives the courts the power to judge the constitutional validity of laws passed by the legislature.
The courts have the power to judge the constitutional validity of laws passed by the legislature. This power is called:Marks:1
Judicial review gives the courts the power to judge the constitutional validity of laws passed by the legislature and reject or accept them. This has lowered the prestige of the legislature.
Which among the following argument is in the favour of a Bicameral Legislature?Marks:1
Two Houses better represent public opinion
The second chamber is believed to cause unnecessary delay in the passing of a bill. It increases the financial burden of the state. Two chambers confuse public opinion, particularly when one chamber differs from the other. Supporters of bicameral legislature say the two houses together can act as barometer of public opinion.
Which of the following countries have bicameral legislature?Marks:1
Unicameral legislatures have been working in China, New Zealand, Turkey, Portugal and several states. India has a bicameral legislature.
In contemporary era of democracy legislature is the chief source of law. Traditionally, laws were derived fromMarks:1
All of the above
Traditionally, laws were derived from customs, traditions and religious scriptures, or were issued by the kings as their commands.
When a political system has a weak legislature or a legislature dominated by the ruling group, the political system is held to beMarks:1
an authoritarian system
When a political system has a weak legislature or a legislature dominated by the ruling group, the political system is held to be an authoritarian system.