US Congress

  • US legislature is known as Congress.US has a federal legislature. The congress is a non-sovereign legislature. It is bound by a written and supreme US constitution.
  • House of Representatives is the popular, lower and directly elected House of the US Congress.
  • The Upper House of the US Congress is called the Senate, representing the states of US federation. Congress is the legislative body and has a number of checking powers over the President. The House of Representatives represents the people of United States, this house is directly responsible to them.
  • In matters of law-formulation the House of Representatives is at par with that of the Senate.
  • The Speaker is the Chairman and the leader of the House of Representatives.His partisan nature acts as a source of power.However, it also lowers its stature as he mostly acts and thinks as a party man and has a biased view.
  • President can exercise Suspensory and Pocket veto over the bills approved by the Congress. All treaties made by the President become functional only when approved by two-third majority of the Senate.
  • The US Senate has the distinction of being the most powerful second chamber in the world. The Vice-President of United States is the ex-officio presiding officer of the Senate.
  • The Senate’s power of impeachment, the right to ratify or deny ratification to the treaties concluded by the President, to support or not support the appointments made by the President gives Senate the special powers.
  • No money bill can be introduced in the Senate.After a money-bill is passed in the House of Representatives, it goes for approval to Senate.

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