Indian Judiciary- The Supreme Court
- The powers of the government in India are divided horizontally among three organs, i.e. the Legislature, Executive and Judiciary.
- The Indian judiciary has the Supreme Court at the apex, which is also the court of final appeals in India.Indian constitution provides for a federal structure, it establishes a single integrated judicial system for the Union and states.
- Judicial review is the power of a court to review a law for constitutionality and strike down that law if it believes the law to be unconstitutional.
- The Supreme Court is the arbiter between the Union and the states. The Judiciary acts as the guardian of fundamental rights and freedoms of the people that enshrined in the constitution.
- The Supreme Court is the highest court of appeal in India in all civil and criminal cases. It can hear appeals against the decisions of the high courts. This constitutes its appellate Jurisdiction.
- Judicial activism takes place due to the non-activity of other governmental organs. The President appoints judges of the Supreme Court after consultation with the sitting judges of Supreme Courts and High Courts in the states.
- President may obtain the opinion of the Supreme Court on a question of law or fact of public importance.The Supreme Court is also regarded as court of record. The Supreme Court has the power to make rules regarding the organisation, functioning and procedures to be followed by other courts.
- On the recommendation of 11th Finance Commission the union government decided to establish fast track courts in the country.