Festivals

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  • Q1

    Give a detailed description of the festival of Christmas.

    Marks:25
    Answer:

    Christmas is celebrated all over the world to commemorate the birth of Jesus Christ. It is an annual festival celebrated on 25 December. However, some Eastern Christian Churches celebrate Christmas on January 7. Christmas started as a religious festival but now it is celebrated by people all over the world.

    The traditional Christmas narrative is taken from the Bible. According to tradition Jesus was born in Bethlehem. Joseph and Mary did not get any room in the inn. Mary gave birth to Jesus at a stable. When Jesus was born a choir of angels appeared to a group of shepherds to announce the birth of the son of God. The shepherds went to meet the new born child. A group of learned men from the east also visited the new born Babe sleeping on a manger.

    Some Christians prepare for Christmas by fasting and praying for 24 days prior to Christmas. On the eve of Christmas people decorate their houses with stars and colourful lights. They also decorate Christmas trees and make cribs to commemorate the birth of Christ in Bethlehem. Christmas prayers and services are held in churches at night with vigil prayers and carol singing. Groups of signers go around singing Christmas carols and visit houses to announce the birth of Christ. People make Christmas cakes and exchange gifts.

    Christmas cards, special meals, nativity scenes, wreaths, etc. are also part of the celebration. St. Nicholas, popularly known as Santa Claus is associated with Christmas celebration. Christmas is a celebration of joy and hope.

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  • Q2

    Give a detailed description of the Spanish Bull Running Festival

    Marks:25
    Answer:

    Spanish Bull Running Festival

    The Running of Bulls is a nine-day festival of Sanfermines in honour of Saint Fermin in Pamplona, Spain. This festival is traditionally held in other Spanish towns but Pampalona is the center of this festival.

    The origin of this festival comes from the transport of bulls from the fields outside the city to the bullring in the early 14th century. Men used to hurry the bulls by terrifying and exciting them. After many years the Bull Run became a competition. Young men used to run in front of bulls without being overtaken.

    The Pamplona bull running is the highest profile event of the San Fermin Festival, which is held every year from 6 - 14 July. The first run is on 7 July and the subsequent ones on each of the following mornings. The traditional running starts at 8 am. Only those who are above 18 years are allowed to participate in the run. Women were permitted to run only from 1974.

    The run begins with runners singing a prayer song three times at a statue of Saint Fermin who is the patron saint of the city. The runners are dressed in white traditional shirts and pants and red waistbands. Some roll newspaper and hold it to gain the bulls' attention.

    Wooden fences are erected along the route for safety. Spectators are allowed to watch the event only from behind the fence.

    A rocket is set off at 8 am to mark the beginning of the running. Six bulls are released first with six steers with the bulls and three more steers to follow the heard. The length of the run is 875 meters. It goes through four streets of the city. The fastest part of the route is across the Town Hall Square.

    Every year many runners get injured in the run. Many people oppose bull running due to the violence involved in the festival. In spite of the opposition the festival still has wide popular support.

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  • Q3

    Give a detailed description of the festival of La Tomatina

    Marks:25
    Answer:

    La Tomatina is a festival that takes place in the Spanish town Valencia or Bunol. The town is located in the East of Spain. It is a crazy fun festival. La Tomatina is the world's biggest food fight. Before 2013 more than 50000 people participated in the fight. From 2013 only 20000 people are given tickets to participate. The participants throw tomatoes and get involved in tomato fight. It is held on the last Wednesday of August.

    According to the history the festival started on the last Wednesday of August in 1945 when a participant who was attending the Giants and Big-heads parade fell off and started hitting everything on his path. People soon started to pelt each other with tomatoes. The following year people brought tomatoes from home to throw at each other.

    The festival starts around 10 am when a few trucks go inside the town bringing tomatoes. The tomatoes people throw are often mashed or crushed to avoid injury and pain. Before the fight begins people cover their houses with plastics. Before starting the tomato fight a brave man climbs the top of a two story high, greased wooden pole. The signal for the beginning of the fight is the firing of water cannons. After an hour the fighting ends. Then no one is allowed to throw tomatoes. The authorities use fire trucks to clean the town with water. Some people wash themselves in Bunol River, although locals take out hoses and splash water on people to clean them. Once the tomato pulp is removed the ground is clean due to the acidity of the tomatoes.

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  • Q4

    Give a detailed description of Durga Puja.

    Marks:20
    Answer:

    Durga Puja

    Hints:– It is an annual Hindu festival which celebrates victory of Hindu goddess Durga over the evil buffalo demon Mahishasura… Durga Puja festival epitomises the victory of Good over Evil…festival is celebrated for six days…also includes worship of Laxmi , Ganesh, Saraswati and Kartik, who are Goddess Durga’s consorts…display of decorated pandals and artistically crafted murti (idol) marks the major attraction for young and old alike…ends with Vijoya greetings and publication of puja annuals.

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  • Q5

    Give a detailed description of Raksha Bandhan.

    Marks:20
    Answer:

    Raksha Bandhan

    Hints:– A significant Hindu festival… historically became important when Rani Karnavati , widowed queen of Chittor, sent a rakhi to Mughal emperor Humayun when she required his help…celebrates relationship between brother and sister…act of tying rakhi on brother’s wrist…way of showing sister’s love and prayer for her brother’s well being…brother vow to protect …festival is celebrated on the full moon day (shravan Purnima) in the month of august…

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