Parts of a Sentence
There is no content available!
To Access the full content, Please Purchase
Write a composition (300–350 words) on any one of the following: 
(a) Write a story with the moral “A young idler, an old beggar.”
(b) Write a descriptive composition on a rainy summer evening.
(c) Narrate an incident from your own experience when you went out for a picnic or a trip with your school mates. Explain what happened.
(d) Write a narrative composition on a hurricane.
(e) Study the picture given below. Write a description of what is suggests to you.Marks:20
(a) Once upon a time, there lived a wealthy merchant. His name was Oscar. He was a self-made man who had survived difficult times and had succeeded in life. Oscar had a young son named Thomas whom he loved dearly. All his hopes, expectations and affections were for Thomas. He thought, “Thomas should never struggle for anything in life. He should always live a life of comfort and fulfilment,” and so he worked harder each day so that Thomas would not have to struggle a day in his life.
When Thomas was old enough, he was married off to the daughter of a wealthy nobleman. Thomas was very much accustomed to the life his father provided him with. He was a spendthrift and knew nothing about saving money. Oscar tried to teach his son how he conducted the family business. But the boy could not be taught. All he knew was how to spend money and the nuances of earning eluded him. Thomas and his wife continued to live on the money of Oscar and they hardly had any dearth of luxury.
Years passed and Oscar grew older. He willed all his possessions to his son and when the time came, Oscar passed away.
Thomas was never accustomed to dealing with money. He was only familiar with his luxurious lifestyle, which he could not afford to lose. His lifestyle was sustained by his inheritance; but only till a certain time.
“What is this, Matilda? Is this what you call a breakfast? Porridge! Do you take me for a farmer? Is there no bread in this house?” Thomas screamed at his maid.
“I’m afraid there’s no bread, Master.”
“Well, then run along and buy some! Dear, would you please give the woman some money?”
“We don’t have any left,” his wife said.
“How do we not have money left?” Thomas was bewildered.
Thomas thought long and hard. “Ask someone to get the carriage ready. I’ll have a word with Sebastian.”
“There is no one, master. Everybody left. They knew you are broke,” Matilda replied.
“Then I suppose I shall walk,” Thomas stormed out of the house.
Sebastian was a moneylender who was notorious for his mercilessness. He loaned Thomas some money but even that didn’t last. Thomas kept accumulating debts but could repay none. His wife left him, he was forced to sell his house and had no place to go. Once affluent, he died a beggar.
Moral: Let your children experience hard times, so that when they grow old they know how to utilize money.
(b) After a tedious summer day, finally the clouds have gathered above the Durban Sky late in October that day. The dry warm air has been suddenly replaced by gentle cool winds and before long, the pitter-patter of the raindrops began. If you stand in your front porch or balcony or backyard, you will get that faint earthy smell so typically characteristic of rainy seasons. But, if you’ve ever been to Africa, you’ll know that when it rains, the fragrance of the earth is very unique, distinctly African. You’ll never come across something remotely similar anywhere else.
Outside, people have gathered for some respite from the hot, hot day they have endured. They start to dance and play; the joy of being drenched in the cool showers is evident on each of their faces. Kids play football and can be seen splashing around in the pools of water collected here and there.
The thunder split through the clouds and its sound could be heard echoing through the distance. When it rains, I like to sit on the sofa with a blanket on, reading my favourite book and having a steaming cup of coffee in my hand. Mother makes snacks, the aroma of which fills the entire house. Outside, you can hear dogs playing in the rain, barking away happily. The dust outside has settled down and the air is cleaner and it feels good when you inhale it deeply and feel the coolness inside you.
Rainy days are a welcome change from the hot dry summer days. All living things rejuvenate and everything around appears more beautiful than ever. Rainy days are especially delightful in the hills and valleys. A spell of rain breathes life into a host of vibrant flowers that thrive in the valleys. Everything around appears greener, cleaner and more and more beautiful.
(c) I was an active member of the school’s nature club. That year, before the school closed for the summer break, it was announced that the students of the nature club will be taken camping in the forests of Utah. We were to leave on Monday of the following week at 5 am.
“I am so excited! Bonfires, camps and all my friends!” my friend Ashley exclaimed.
“There will be bugs everywhere. Yech!” Gabby moaned.
On Monday, my dad dropped me to the school at 4:50 AM. It was going to be a three day camping trip. We reached the campsite a little after noon, had lunch and set up our tents. Afterwards, we lit a bonfire and told stories and went to sleep soon after. At the break of the day, we set out hiking. Utah was deliciously beautiful. The smell of the forest and the clear, fresh water of the lake were a welcome change.
After we had our lunch, we explored the surrounding areas a bit more and proceeded back to the campsite by late afternoon. As soon as we neared the campsite, we heard a low grumble.
“What was that? Did you hear it?” I asked.
Ashley shook her head. Then everyone heard a moan and our team leader stopped in his tracks.
“Oh no! Did anyone leave any food in their tent?” Mr. Murphy demanded.
“I...uh…might have left my sunscreen out.” Norah hesitated.
“I spilled some jam in my tent…but I wiped it clean!” Joshua said.
“Joshua, it doesn’t matter if you cleaned it. Wild animals have a strong sense of smell. Did I not warn you clearly?” Mr. Murphy was furious.
We walked a bit further and saw a couple of tents torn down.
“I think there’s a bear around. Everybody, stay calm.” He said.
“Mr. Murphy! Look behind you!”
We could see the back of a bear hunched behind Ronnie’s tent.
“Hold the torch, Ronnie. Flash it in the bear’s direction,” Mr. Murphy instructed. He picked up two pans and started banging them.
Luckily, it was a bear cub. He got startled by the noise and he ran away.We all learned a valuable lesson about being careful in the forest.
(d) The month of August was nearing its end and I had just turned 11. The weather was changing a little too rapidly all over Florida. My birthday falls during the summer break and it always rains. That one time the weather was rapidly getting worse. The rains started becoming incessant and it became very difficult for us to do anything or go out. One day, over the news, I heard them talking about some kind of a “warning” about the rains. Alarmed by the weight that word carried, I rushed to my parents who were frozen at their positions, mom near the kitchen door and dad on the sofa, eyes glued to the news and faces wearing horrified expressions.
“Mom! What warning did the weatherman talk about?”
“It seems like the rains will keep getting worse, son,” dad said.
“I think we should go to my mother’s for a while. They said the airport will close the day after. Then we will be stuck here,” mother said.
I didn’t understand the entire thing, but my mind was racing.
“What will happen now, dad?”
“They say a hurricane is on its way, Danny.”
“What’s a hurricane? Is it bad?” I was puzzled.
“It’s very dangerous, honey,” mom said.
Next couple of hours, my mom spent trying to get tickets to Denver where my grandmother lives, but unfortunately, she couldn’t get tickets. All the flights had already been filled by then. We were stuck in Miamiand the storm kept getting worse. Soon the evacuations began. We gathered some food, some clothes and rushed to the shelter away from home. For three days we shared the shelter with a host of people from all over Miami and surrounding areas.
Everyone was scared. After spending 4 days in the shelter, we finally got out, made way through the water-logged roads and reached home. Our house was still standing, though severely battered down. My mom hugged me and cried, thanking god for helping us get through it.
(e) A Boon to Mankind - Trees
Trees have been a boon to the mankind since their inception. Mother Nature has equipped trees to furnish us with life’s essentials – oxygen and food. As we evolved, we extorted additional benefits from plants and trees, such as shelter, medicines, fabric, and so on.
Trees are a very important part of environment and their contribution to the mankind is immense. Right from providing us with oxygen, to improving air quality; conserving water, and preserving soil, trees have improved our lives in a variety of ways.
Trees control climate, improve air quality by absorbing noxious gases and pollutants, help lower temperatures, particularly in urban areas, and serve as homes for wildlife. They are an integral part of every community as well. Trees, as we know, are majestic and beautiful. They have a calming effect on humans.
With a surplus of benefits, the value of trees continues to increase and our modern lifestyle too continues to be benefited by them.
(a) Complete the paragraph given below with suitable prepositions: (5 marks)
I was eagerly waiting (i)__________ my birthday party. (ii) _______ school, I returned home and found my parents busy (iii)__________ the preparations for the birthday party. (iv)________ enjoying the amazing chocolate cake and food, we all shared the dinner. Everyone enjoyed (v) _________ themselves. It was a wonderful experience.
(b) Pick out the conjunctions from the following sentences. (5 marks)
(i) I crossed the river and rang the bell, but no one answered me.
(ii) There are only 20 minutes left for the train to arrive, so we must start without any further delay.
(iii) Blessed are the meek for they shall inherit the kingdom of heaven.
(iv) I am sad, but hopeful.
(v) Both they and their children are very clever.
(c) Complete the Conditional Sentences using the correct form of the verbs given in the brackets. (5 marks)
(i) Mary ______ (do/not) that if she were your sister.
(ii) If they lived under the same roof, they______ (quarrel) at all times.
(iii) If you finish your homework now, we______ (go) for the movie in the evening.
(iv) I will prepare something special for you if you ________ (come) for the tea party.
(v) If we go to Agra, we______ (see) the Taj Mahal.
(d) Fill in the blanks with correct option. (5 marks)
(i) The next train __________ (is/will) leave in an hour.
(ii) You ________ (shall/are) lead a happy life.
(iii) Something __________ (is going/will) to happen in few hours.
(iv) She rarely __________ (is coming/ comes) to my place.
(v) The next bus ___________(leaves/ left) in one hour.Marks:20
(a) (i) for
(b) (i) and, but
(c) (i) Mary would not do that if she were your sister.
(ii) If they lived under the same roof, they would quarrel at all times.
(iii) If you finish your homework now, we will go for the movie in the evening.
(iv) I will prepare something special for you if you come for the tea party.
(v) If we go to Agra, we will see the Taj Mahal.
(d) (i) The next train will leave in an hour.
(ii) You shall lead a happy life.
(iii) Something is going to happen in few hours.
(iv) She rarely comes to my place.
(v) The next bus leaves in one hour.
Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow: (20 marks)
Emotions play an important part in our daily lives. As children grow older (especially around the age of 2), some fears that were never an issue before suddenly rear their ugly heads. When they are 2 and above, most children know what it is like to be injured, scolded, or even lost. One of the major fears in children is the act of being separated from his/her parents. Fear of separation is common for both toddlers and school aged children, this is due to them being left at the babysitters, nursery, or school. While some children get upset over their parent’s departure, others may fear their teachers, other children, or the surroundings. Most of the time, this fearfulness of others will subside as children start to spend more time with their teacher and classmates.
The biggest fear is of the dark, usually difficult to conquer in children. Children usually have this fear well into their school aged years. Fear of the dark resonates differently with age, while younger children may be fearful of monsters lurking in the shadows, older children may fear burglars. Most families find it beneficial to leave a light on at night, with a gradual reduction in fear occurring over an extended period of time.
As the child grows fear gets out of control, which can escalate to a point where it affects daily functioning. Fear is no longer adaptive if one finds that he is constantly afraid of events that haven’t happened yet.
Future-orientated fear is known as anxiety. While fear happens at the moment danger arises, anxiety is characterized by apprehension because one does not know what will happen next and cannot control upcoming events.
Panic is an immediate physical response to unrealistic and irrational fears. This can have a huge effect on both the emotional and physical well-being, as well as the ability to reach ones full potential.
(a) Give the meaning of the following as used in the passage:(1×3=3 marks)
(i) To accelerate something
(iii) To produce a feeling of shared emotions
(b) (i) What is the most common fear in children? (2 marks)
(ii) Which fear is difficult to conquer in children? (1 mark)
(iii) How can one overcome fear? (2 marks)
(iv) What is termed as panic? (1 mark)
(v) How does panic affect one? (1 mark)
(vi) What is anxiety? (2 marks)
(c) Summarize the paragraph in your words. (8 marks)Marks:20
(a) (i) Escalate
(b) (i)The most common fear in toddlers is being separated from their parents. This fear is due to them being left at the babysitters, nursery or school.
(ii) The fear of the dark is usually difficult to conquer in children.
(iii) One can overcome fearif one finds that he is constantly afraid of events that haven’t happened yet.
(iv) Panic is an immediate physical response to unrealistic and irrational fears.
(v) Panic affects both the emotional and physical well-being of a person, as well as the ability to reach one’s full potential.
(vi) Future-orientated fear is known as anxiety. It is characterized by apprehension because one does not know what will happen next and cannot control upcoming events.
(c) Emotions play an important part in our daily lives. Even toddlers know what it is like to be injured, scolded, or even lost. A major fear in children is the act of separation. The fear, however, subsides as they tend to spend more time with people other than their family. Another big fear is of the dark. This fear resonates differently with age, while younger children may be fearful of monsters lurking in the shadows, older children may fear burglars. Fear is no longer adaptive if one is constantly afraid of events that didn't take place.
(a) Your school is organising a Science Fair. As the School Captain, write a notice on the school notice board about the Science Fair inviting students to participate. Also mention the date of the event and some topics from which the students can choose to make their projects. 
(b) Write an email to your best friend Shobha on the sad demise of her mother-in-law who was also known to you. Marks:10
ST. FRANCIS SCHOOL DELHI
Oct. 15, 2009
Attention Amateur Scientists!
To give each student a renewed awareness on the importance of nature and its existence, our school is organising a Science Fair on 15th Nov., ’09. All the interested students from classes VI to XII, who want to participate, are requested to submit their name and class to the undersigned on or before 30th Oct. Your project must be about a topic that interests you. You can choose from:
a) Animals and Insects
c) Plants, Photosynthesis, Gardening
d) The Water Cycle
e) Food and Our Body
(optional) not necessary here
It is indeed very disheartening to know that your mother-in-law, Mrs. Shikha Sharma, has left for her heavenly abode. We are all shocked and heartbroken to get this terrible news. She was closely associated with us for a long time. I still remember last year when you along with your whole family came to spend Diwali with us. Aunty has always been very cheerful and warm.
I can only pray to God to give you all the strength to cope with the loss.
Please accept my heartfelt condolence on her untimely death.
With warm wishes
Select any one of the following:
(a) The deplorable condition of the roads in your area worries you. Write a letter to the municipal engineer of your citydrawing his attention to the issue.
(b) Write a letter to your friend, inviting him/ her for a picnic that you have organized along with other friends.Marks:10
(a) 21 Vikas Nagar,
15th July 2019
The Municipal Engineer
Subject: Deplorable Condition of Roads
I am constrained to bring to your notice, the deplorablecondition of the road connecting Vikas Nagar to JPExtension. The road is full of potholes and the condition worsens during the rains. Also, at many places on theroad sewer holes have not been properly covered. Many accidents have occurred due to the negligence of the Municipal Corporation. The place is becoming more dangerous with each passing day.
I hope you will give this matter your utmost attention and arrange for an immediate inspection of the place. We all will appreciate it if the road is repaired as soon as possible.
(b) 18 C-2
July 18, 2019
I have planned a picnic with a few friends this Saturday. We are 5 people and have chosen Mehrauli Archaeological Park as the picnic spot. We are contributing Rs.500 each for the picnic, which will cover our travel expenses and eating. I shall be very happy if you join us.
The place is quite green with a rose park. We will walk around to sites, Tomb of Balban, RajonkiBaoli and JahazMahal. We can also walk over to other monuments too, as the area is spread over 200 acres and has over 100 historically significant monuments. Please do come along, I am sure we all will have great fun.