Nature

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  • Q1

    Write a description on the Mediterranean Sea.

    Marks:10
    Answer:

    The Mediterranean Sea

    The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa, and on the east by the Levant. Although the sea is sometimes considered a part of the Atlantic Ocean, it is usually identified as a separate body of water. Geological evidence indicates that around 5.9 million years ago, the Mediterranean was cut off from the Atlantic and was partly or completely desiccated over a period of some 600,000 years.

    It covers an approximate area of 2.5 million km2 (965,000 sq mi), but its connection to the Atlantic (the Strait of Gibraltar) is only 14 km (8.7 mi) wide. The Strait of Gibraltar is a narrow strait that connects the Atlantic Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea and separates Gibraltar and Spain in Europe from Morocco in Africa. In oceanography, it is sometimes called the Eurafrican Mediterranean Sea or the European Mediterranean Sea to distinguish it from Mediterranean seas elsewhere.

    The Mediterranean Sea has an average depth of 1,500 m (4,900 ft) and the deepest recorded point is 5,267 m (17,280 ft) in the Calypso Deep in the Ionian Sea. The sea is bordered on the north by Europe, the east by Asia, and in the south by Africa. It is located between latitudes 30° and 46° N and longitudes 6° W and 36° E.

    The sea was an important route for merchants and travellers of ancient times that allowed for trade and cultural exchange between emergent peoples of the region.

    The countries with coastlines on the Mediterranean Sea are Albania, Algeria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Cyprus, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Italy, Lebanon, Libya, Malta, Morocco, Monaco, Montenegro, Slovenia, Spain, Syria, Tunisia and Turkey.

    [Courtesy: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mediterranean_Sea]

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  • Q2

    Write a description on a hill station.

    Marks:10
    Answer:

    Mount Macedon

    A hill station is a town located at a higher elevation than the nearby plain or valley. In Asian countries, most of the hill stations are at an altitude of approximately 1,000 to 2,500 metres. Mount Macedon is a mountain that is part of the Macedon Ranges of the Great Dividing Range, located in the Central Highlands region of Victoria, Australia. The mountain has an elevation of 1,001 metres and is located approximately 65 kilometres northwest of Melbourne.

    The highest peak of Mount Macedon is Camel's Hump, one of three mamelons in the area, the rocky outcrop of a once small steep-sided volcano, with an elevation estimated at 1,011 metres and at times is covered in snow. Camel's Hump, together with Hanging Rock and Croziers Rocks are igneous trachyte rocks of the crag and are favoured by rock climbers. The mountain has become a popular venue for sport climbing and for families, due to its proximity to Melbourne.

    The view from the summit of Mount Macedon is spectacular, and takes in Melbourne city. It receives a total rainfall of 1,000 millimetres annually, reaching a maximum in winter, with minimum amounts occurring during the summer months of January to March. Snowfalls occur 15–20 days a year, with snow lying occurring 10–15 days a year. As with the entire region, Mount Macedon is susceptible to severe frost, generally between the months of May and September, with light frosts throughout the rest of the year and minimal frost between January and March.

    [Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Macedon]

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  • Q3

    Write a description on River.

    Marks:10
    Answer:

    River – The Source of Life

    Imagine walking through the woods when suddenly one begins to hear the sounds of the running water. The sound touches like music. Similarly, standing on the banks of a stream that is cascading over moss-covered boulders a person experiences the bliss of nature. The experience nourishes one’s soul.

    To watch a river is to see a glimpse into what Life is really like – a great river of dancing energy that has been flowing and creating for almost 14 billion years. Rivers call to us because they remind us of this flow of Life and our longing to trust it. But a lot of time is wasted in trying to control one’s life. When one sits at the bank of a river lost in their own ideas they become half-alive. The river rejuvenates the body and soul of a person.

    The river teaches us to go with the flow. Trusting this flow one should keep the mind calm and proceed accordingly in life.

    Yes, the river has rapids, and whirlpools and waterfalls, but as one awakens his life, he begins to have an entirely new relationship with it. One begins to pay attention. Attention is like putting a life vest on one’s heart and stepping into the river of Life. Very quickly it becomes clear that the river is always changing, but it is nothing to be afraid of – in fact it can be fun! With a curious mind and open heart, one can feel the currents of Life and respond to anything that comes in the way. One becomes able to listen and know what one needs to do.

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  • Q4

    Give a detailed description of a Lake.

    Marks:10
    Answer:

    Hints – a lake on a countryside…an important source for commercial operations in fishing and water plant harvesting…covers an area of 25 square kilometers… lake is noted in particular for its lotus flowers which bloom in July and August… Fisheries and the harvesting of food and fodder plants are also important in the Lake….

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  • Q5

    Give a detailed description of a valley.

    Marks:10
    Answer:

    Hints – a valley is a depression with predominant extent in one direction…V- shaped or U-shaped….different types of valleys…discussion about the surrounding and the natural beauty…

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