Parts of a Sentence

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  • Q1

    (a) Fill up the blanks in the following sentences with suitable pronouns.

    1. Not one of the flowers has lost _______ freshness.

    2. God will judge _______ according to what _______ have done.

    3. At the end of the workshop, _______ child will get _______ certificate.

    4. As soon as the dog saw the thief, ______ started barking at _________.

    (b) Fill in each blank with an appropriate word: [4]

    1. This is the room _____ I used to study. (where/whom)

    2. This is the test for all those people____ missed the last one. (who/that)

    3. His answers were such ___ I expected. (as/that)

    4. This is the best ____ we could do. (as/that)

    (c) Fill up the blanks with suitable conjunctions. [4]

    1. Have you decided on _____ to stay _____to go?

    2. I wanted to buy a new laptop, _____Dad objected.

    3. _____had I reached the house _____the phone began to ring.

    4. I was very tired, _____I completed the work. (d)

    (d) Re-write the following sentences according to the instructions given after each. Make other changes that may be necessary, but do not change the meaning of each sentence. (8)

    1. Don’t Touch it. (Start, ‘Let…’)

    2. They were cleaning the rooms. (Start, ‘The rooms…’)

    3. Will they help you? (Start with ‘will’)

    4. Someone broke into her house. (Start, ‘Her house…’)

    5. He said, “Alas! I am undone”. (Remove the exclamation mark and rewrite the sentence.)

    6. Thomas exclaimed that he was very clever. (Change the speech into direct)

    7. She applauded him, saying that he had done well. (Use an interjection for the word ‘applauded’)

    8. “So help me, Heaven!” he cried, “I will never steal again”. (Change into Indirect Speech)

    Marks:20
    Answer:

    (a)

    1. Not one of the flowers has lost its freshness.

    2. God will judge everyone according to what they have done.

    3. At the end of the workshop, each child will get his /her certificate.

    4. As soon as the dog saw the thief, it started barking at him.

    (b)

    1. where

    2. who

    3. as

    4. that

    (c)

    1. Have you decided on whether to stay or to go?

    2. I wanted to buy a new laptop, but Dad objected.

    3. No sooner had I reached the house than the phone began to ring.

    4. I was very tired, yet I completed the work.

    (d)

    1. Let it not be touched.

    2. The rooms were being cleaned by them.

    3. Will you be helped by them?

    4. Her house was broken into (by someone).

    5. He exclaimed sadly that he was undone.

    6. Thomas said, “How clever I am!”

    7. She said to him, “Bravo! You have done well.”

    8. He called upon Heaven to witness his resolve never to steal again.

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  • Q2

    Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:

    Modern gadgets have changed the face of the world. Today there isn't a single field where machines are not used. The market is flooded with wonderful gadgets. It is indeed a fact that as a result of the invention of modern gadgets, the tone and temper of life has changed beyond recognition. The latest gadgets include laptops, smart phones, iPods, camcorders, digital cameras etc.

    Modern gadgets have made communication easier. Today we can communicate with a person sitting at the other end of the world within seconds by using our cell phone, personal notebook or just by sending an e-mail.

    Earlier, everything was done manually. Today, modern technology has made our life much easier and more comfortable. The innovative gadgets help us save our time and energy.

    Modern gadgets have also greatly contributed to our entertainment as compact discs, digital video discs, mp3 players etc. are now no longer considered as extravagant but are fast becoming a necessity.

    In the future, it will be difficult to imagine life without these gadgets. However, it is not advisable to be overly dependent on them. If we use the modern gadgets unduly, we will become their slave.

    (a) Give the meaning of the following words as used in the passage: (3)

    One word answers or short phrases will be accepted.

    (i) flooded

    (ii) extravagant

    (iii) unduly

    (b) Answer the following questions briefly in your own words.

    (i) How have the modern gadgets changed the face of the world? (2)

    (ii) Name few of the latest gadgets? (2)

    (iii) How have modern gadgets made communication easier? (2)

    (iv) How has technology impacted our daily lives? (2)

    (v) How have modern gadgets contributed to the entertainment sector? (1)

    (c) In not more than 50 words, write a summary in your own words. [8]

    Marks:20
    Answer:

    (a)

    (i) a very large amount

    (ii) expensive

    (iiii) excessively

    (b)

    (i) Today there isn't a single field where machines are not used. The market is flooded with wonderful gadgets. It is indeed a fact that as a result of the invention of modern gadgets, the tone and temper of life has changed beyond recognition.

    (ii) The latest gadgets include laptops, smart phones, iPods, camcorders, digital cameras etc.

    (iii) Today we can communicate with a person sitting at the other end of the world within seconds by using our cell phone, personal notebook or just by sending an e-mail.

    (iv) Earlier, everything was done manually. Today, modern technology has made our life much easier and more comfortable. The innovative gadgets help us save our time and energy.

    (v) Modern gadgets have also greatly contributed to our entertainment as compact discs, digital video discs, mp3 players etc. are now no longer considered as extravagant but are fast becoming a necessity.

    (c) Summary:

    The invention of modern gadgets has brought a change in our lifestyle. They are used in every field. They have made the communication much easier. They have made our life comfortable and are also helpful in saving time and energy. They are rapidly becoming a necessity. It will be difficult to imagine life without these gadgets. The excessive use of modern gadgets can make us a slave. Therefore, over dependence on modern gadgets should be avoided.

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  • Q3

    (a) You are Rebecca, the Head Girl of New Light Public School, Nagpur. Your school is organising an Art and Craft Exhibition. Write a notice to invite the students to visit the exhibition. [5]

    (b) You bought a washing machine recently which is not functioning properly. Write an e-mail to the company complaining about the product. [5]

    Marks:10
    Answer:

    (a)

    NEW LIGHT PUBLIC SCHOOL, NAGPUR

    June24, 2019

    ART AND CRAFT EXHIBITION

    All the students hereby informed that the school is organising an art and craft exhibition from July 06 to July 09, 2019. The students are invited to visit the exhibition with their family. The timings are 8 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. The money that will be earned by selling the goods will be donated to Holy Child Orphanage.

    Rebecca

    Rebecca

    (Head Girl)

    (b)

    From: richa@abc.com

    To: safehands@xyz.com

    Subject: Complaint about defective washing machine

    Dear Sir

    I purchased a washing machine, receipt no. 123456 from your company on 13th March, 2019. I am sorry to inform you that the washing machine is defective. Firstly, It has been just three months of its purchase and it makes an unbearable noise while functioning. Moreover, it does not clean the clothes properly. I made several complaints to the customer care but no action was taken. I am highly disappointed with your service.

    I request you to either replace the product or refund my money. The machine is in the warranty period.

    A copy of the receipt and the warranty card has been attached with this mail for your reference. Kindly, take necessary actions immediately.

    Thanking you

    Regards

    Richa Mehta

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  • Q4

    Select any one of the following:

    (a) You are disturbed about the bad roads and drains in your locality. Write a letter to the Editor of a newspaper giving your views on the same. Sign your name as Sandeep Guha.

    (b) Write a letter to your friend thanking him for his hospitality during your stay with him during Christmas holidays.

    Marks:10
    Answer:

    (a)

    609/B, Gaur Ganga

    Vaishali, Ghaziabad

    21 June 2019

    The Editor

    The Hindustan Times

    New Delhi

    Sub: Poor roads and drainage system

    Sir

    Please allow me to draw the attention of the Administration and Municipal Committee through your esteemed daily to the bad condition of the roads in Vaishali.

    The roads are in hapless condition with numerous potholes everywhere. The mushroom growth of eating joints and makeshift markets in this area further compounded the situation. People throw plastic bags and glasses all around. As a result the drains are blocked. During monsoon, water gets collected in disrupts the entire traffic. Normal life is thrown out of gear.

    The concerned authorities should keep vigil and act urgently to ensure instant operation of pumping systems and keep the road drainage under check. At the same time, the people living here too should cooperate to tackle the conditions.

    Yours truly

    Sandeep Guha

    Sandeep Guha

    (b)

    2653 Green Towers

    Nehru Place, New Delhi

    3 June 2019

    Dear Francis

    I have just reached home after spending a delightful Christmas with you. The journey was quite comfortable, and I reached home safe and sound. I want to thank you for the wonderful time I had with your family.

    The hospitality shown by the members of your household was amazing. I want to thank your Mom for the delicious dishes she made for me. She cooked incredible dishes with ease.

    I will always cherish the days I spent with your family as the happiest time in my life.

    Thanking you

    Michael

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  • Q5

    Write a composition (300–350 words) on any one of the following: [20]

    (a) Given below is the beginning of a story. Continue from this point and complete the story with a proper ending.

    Once upon a time few workers were busy building a mosque on the outskirts of a town. When it was noon, the workers felt hungry and suggested to go for a lunch....

    (b) Children become more disciplined in a boarding school. Do you agree with this statement? List your arguments in favour or against the statement.

    (c) Narrate an incident when you apologised to someone.

    (d) Give a description of your family doctor.

    (e) Study the picture given below. Write a short essay on the benefits of meditation.

    Marks:20
    Answer:

    (a) Once upon a time few workers were busy building a mosque on the outskirts of a town. When it was noon, the workers felt hungry and suggested to go for a lunch. But one of the workers refused to go as he was cutting the log and couldn’t leave it in the middle as someone might get hurt. One of the workers told him to put a wedge there and come with them. He did so and then they went away. Hardly had they left, when a group of monkeys arrived there. They all played and jumped around that place; one of the monkeys was very mischievous. He saw the wedge struck in the wooden log. The monkey wondered as to why the piece of wood was lying there and he thought that there must be something underneath. Thinking this he sat on the half sawn log and tried to pull the wedge out with his full force. After a long struggle, the wedge came out of that log but the gap in the log trapped the monkey’s tail.

    The monkey shouted for help. All other monkeys rushed towards him to provide help. They tried to pull out his tail from the log, but it was all in vain. The poor monkey died after some time.

    (b) Arguments against the statement

    My warm greetings to our venerable Principal, dignified teachers and dear friends. I stand before you to list may arguments against the topic – 'Children become more disciplined in a boarding school.'

    Many feel that sending a child to a boarding school can help instill discipline in him. While it is true that those who stay in hostels learn to become disciplined and independent, the same can be taught at home as well. It is not just a stern hostel warden who can tame a notorious child.

    What gives maximum pleasure to parents is to see their children grow up. Many guardians miss on this delightful experience by sending their kids to boarding schools. Today, parents are busier than ever before. But that does not mean that they can shirk their responsibility of rearing their children properly. When parents give good cultural and religious values to their child, they leave a rich legacy.

    By being firm and spending enough time with their children, parents can make them disciplined. The carrot and stick approach comes in handy in dealing with children who are bound to be mischievous. However, parents ought not look for an easy way out by sending their child to a boarding school.

    Parents can teach discipline to their children by leading an exemplary life. When parents themselves are disciplined, there is every chance that their children would like to follow them. Therefore, one can say that the notion that children become more disciplined when they are sent to a boarding school is just a perception.

    (c) My father was very strict in upbringing all of us in social and moral values. He taught us to be truthful in all circumstances. He was very proud that all his children are highly virtuous.

    During our terminal examinations I did not perform well in Mathematics. When the results were published I failed in mathematics. I was afraid that my Dad would scold me. Fearing my Dad’s scolding I corrected my score. I took the results to my father and showed him my scores. He was happy to note that I have passed in all the subjects.

    Next day onwards my mind was not at peace. The thought that I cheated my father hounded me constantly. I decided to confess my mistake to my father. I didn’t have the courage to go and talk to him directly, so I wrote the entire incident on a paper and placed it on his table.

    I thought that my Dad would scold me and beat me. That day after the dinner my Dad called me to his room and I went shivering with fear. Instead of rage I saw love in his eyes. He put his arms on my shoulder and told me that he was proud of me. He told me that greatness lies in acknowledging one’s mistakes and correcting them. I apologised to him with tears in my eyes. He consoled me and hugged me. After that I have never repeated such mistakes. I am proud of my Dad.

    (d) Dr. Alexander Francis is our family physician. He works in The National Institute of Medical Sciences. He is a professor of Physiology. He is a highly energetic and inspiring person. Though he does not need any private practice we approach him whenever we are in need of medical consultation. He lives next to our house. He gets up early and goes for jogging regularly. He is very punctual and leaves for his institute at 8.30 AM. He is very causal in style and friendly with everyone. He plays volleyball with the young people of our housing colony every evening. He dedicates some time for consulting poor patients of the locality but does not charge them. He does not prescribe expensive medicines but asks people to change their life style.

    (e) Benefits of Meditation

    The benefits of meditation are many, and can bring about feelings of confidence and self control, increased concentration, better relationships and reduced stress levels. A feeling of greater emotional equilibrium can be achieved by regular practice. Compassion –dissolves one’s ego. Self control increases self confidence and a person’s sense of certainty. Meditation could make you ‘nicer’ to your fellow beings.

    Meditation in the modern era is used to `heal, repair and improve oneself physically, mentally and emotionally’. The benefits of meditation can thus be categorized into three distinct categories like physiological benefits of meditation, psychological benefits of meditation and most importantly the spiritual benefits of meditation.

    Some doctors have prescribed meditation for insomniacs, chronic pain sufferers and heart patients, with good results.

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