Components of an Ecosystem

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  • Q1

    Which of the following is not an example of primary consumer?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Lion

    Explanation:

    Primary consumers feed on plants and plant products. E.g., all herbivores are primary consumers. Deer, rabbit and cow are primary consumers while lion is an example of secondary consumer.

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  • Q2

    Organisms that produce their own food are called _________.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    producer

    Explanation:

    Producers such as green plants prepare their own food with the help of carbon dioxide and water in the presence of sunlight. this phenomenon is known as photosynthesis.

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  • Q3

    Abiotic components of ecosystem are

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    light, air, soil.

    Explanation:

    Abiotic components of ecosystem include all the non-living components of ecosystem such as air, soil, water, temperature and sunlight.

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  • Q4

    Biotic components of ecosystem include

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    all living components.

    Explanation:

    Biotic, or living, components of ecosystems include all the plants, animals, fungi and microorganisms that make up ecological communities.

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  • Q5

    A functional unit of nature that consists of all organisms in a particular area interacting with one another and with their non-living surrounding is called ________.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    ecosystem

    Explanation:

    Ecosystem is a complex interaction of living things and their environment, has been the foundations of energy flow and recycle of carbon and nitrogen.

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