Domestic Animals

In India, domestic animals play a significant role in the economy of rural areas.
The branch of science that deals with the feeding, shelter, caring and breeding of domestic animals is called animal husbandry. Domestic Animals are categorised into three broad classes as:
a)    Milch Animals
b)    Meat and Egg yielding animals
c)    Draught Animals

Different breeds of cow have kept under three broad categories;namely dairy,drought anddual purpose.The different breeds of cows used in dairy have been further classified into three classes, namely,indigenous breeds, exotic breeds andcross breeds. Some common indigenous breeds of milchcows are Gir, Sahiwa and Red sindhi.

Males of draught breed are used for drawing bullock cart, ploughing fields and transporting the material from one place to another.
Females of dual purpose breed are good milk-yielders and their bullocks or castrated bulls are good for draught purpose.
Cross breeding helps in improving the breed of cattle.
The three important breeds of buffalo are Murrah, Mehsana and Surti.

Maintenance of shelter and proper animal feed is very important for well-being of cattle. In cattle farm, the animal shelter should be well-lit, clean and well ventilated.Animal feed is classified into two broad categories that are roughage and concentrate. The concentrate includesgrains, seeds andoilcakes.

White revolution was a rural development programme started by India’s National dairy Development Board in 1970.

Poultry farming is the raising of domesticated birds such as chickens and ducks for obtaining meat and eggs.

Poultry suffers from a number of diseases that are caused by bacteria, viruses, nutritional deficiency, etc.

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  • Q1

    Which is not true for buffaloes when compared to cows?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Milk produced is less nutritious.

    Explanation:

    Milk produced by buffaloes is more nutritious and rich in fats than that produced by cows.

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  • Q2

    A common indigenous breed of milch cow is:

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Red Sindhi

    Explanation:

    Red Sindhi is an indigenous variety of milch cow that is resistant to diseases.

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  • Q3

    The period of milk production after the birth of a calf:

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Lactation period

    Explanation:

    It is the period of milk production after the birth of a calf. Milk production can be increased by increasing the lactation period.

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  • Q4

    Which of the given animals is not reared for milk?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Ox

    Explanation:

    Cow, buffalo, goat, she-camel, etc., are milk giving animals. Hence, they are reared for milk. Ox is a male; hence, cannot provide milk.

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  • Q5

    ______ gives large quantities of milk.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Buffalo

    Explanation:

    A large quantity of milk is obtained from cows and buffaloes. Sheep, goat, camel and yak give comparatively smaller quantity of milk that is consumed in specific regions.

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