Adolescence and Accopanying Changes

Adolescence is basically a developmental phase in the life cycle of human beings. It includes not only physical growth and change, but also emotional, psychological and mental changes. It includes major changes in sexuality, relationships, physical maturity, emotional feelings and cognitive processes.

It is the transition period between the childhood and the adulthood, which generally begins at the age of 11 years and ends at the age of 19 years.Most important change of adolescence is to become capable of reproduction. It is a period of multiple transitions

involving sudden increase in height, change in voice and body shape, development of sex organs, etc.
Sudden increase in height is most visible character during adolescence. During this period, bones of the body elongate and make the person tall. Pattern of height is more or less similar to family members and depends on the genes inherited from parents.

During adolescence, the voice box or larynx grows. In boys, it can be seen as Adam’s apple, i.e., protruding part of the throat and is larger than girl’s larynx.

Secondary sexual characters are the features that distinguish the two sexes of a species, but that are not directly part of the reproductive system. During puberty, sex hormones are released, which are responsible for many changes at this stage. The male sex hormone, testosterone, is released by testes and female sex hormone, estrogen, is released by ovaries.

In females, at the age of 10-12 years, menstruation starts.

Health can be defined as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.

Hygiene can be defined as a “set of practices done by an individual or a community for the maintenance of good health”.

Personal hygiene is very important and if the hygiene is not maintained, there are chances of catching various infections.
Stress can be managed by practicing yoga, meditation, time management, sports, hobbies, rational thinking, etc.

 

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  • Q1

    During puberty, all parts of the body grow at_____.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    different rate

    Explanation:

    All body parts do not grow at the same rate. The rates of growth differ according to the stage of growth. Non-reproductive parts grow before puberty and reproductive parts develop after puberty.

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  • Q2

    The maximum height is reached at the age of___.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    18 years

    Explanation:

    The maximum height of both boys and girls reach at the age of 18 years. Growth is under hormonal control.

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  • Q3

    When an adolescent reaches reproductive maturity, the puberty_____.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    ends

    Explanation:

    Puberty ends when a girl or a boy reaches sexual maturity, that is, becomes capable of reproduction.

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  • Q4

    Adolescents are also called_____.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    teenagers

    Explanation:

    They are also called teenagers, as this period covers the ‘teens’.

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  • Q5

    The chemical substance that brings changes to make a child grow into an adult is____.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    hormone

    Explanation:

    Hormone is the chemical substance, which is produced in the body and plays an important role to bring about changes that make a child grow into an adult.

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