Migration

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  • Q1

    Differentiate between life-time migrant and migrant by last residence.

    Marks:3
    Answer:

    Life time migrant: If the place of birth is different from the place of enumeration, it is known as life-time migrant. According to 2001 census, 30% of people were reported as life time migrant.

    Migrant by last residence: If the place of last residence is different from the place of enumeration, it is known as migrant by place of last residence. According to 2001 census, 31% of people were reported as migrants by place of last residence.

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  • Q2

    What are the two basis on which census has enumerated migration?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    In census of India, migration is enumerated on two basis:

    1. Place of birth

    2. Place of residence

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  • Q3

    Who is a migrant? Name four streams of migration in India.

    Marks:2
    Answer:

    A migrant is a person who at a given census was enumerated at a place other than his/her birth place; irrespective of the duration of his/her stay there.

    The four streams of migration in India are:

    1. Rural to Urban

    2. Rural to Rural

    3. Urban to Rural

    4. Urban to Urban

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  • Q4

    Distinguish between migration and commutation.

    Marks:2
    Answer:

    Migration:

    1. The movement of people from one place to another is called migration.
    2. Migration can be temporary or permanent.
    3. In the Census of India, migration is enumerated on two bases: (1) place of birth (2) place of residence

    Commutation:

    1. The movement of people between two cities or between a city and the surrounding rural areas is called commutation.
    2. Commutation is always temporary.
    3. Before nineteenth century, most workers lived less than an hour's walk from their work. Today, many people travel daily to work a long way from their own towns, cities and villages.

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  • Q5

    Explain spatial variation of migration in India.

    Marks:2
    Answer:

    Some states like Maharashtra, Delhi, Gujarat and Haryana attract migrants from the other states, such as Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, etc. Maharashtra occupies first place with 2.3 million net in-migrants, followed by Delhi, Gujrat and Haryana. On the other hand, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar are the states, with the largest number of net out-migrants from the state.

    Among the urbanagglomeration, Greater Mumbai receives the higher number of in migrants.

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