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Differentiate between life-time migrant and migrant by last residence.Marks:3
Life time migrant: If the place of birth is different from the place of enumeration, it is known as life-time migrant. According to 2001 census, 30% of people were reported as life time migrant.
Migrant by last residence: If the place of last residence is different from the place of enumeration, it is known as migrant by place of last residence. According to 2001 census, 31% of people were reported as migrants by place of last residence.
What are the two basis on which census has enumerated migration?Marks:1
In census of India, migration is enumerated on two basis:
1. Place of birth
2. Place of residence
Who is a migrant? Name four streams of migration in India.Marks:2
A migrant is a person who at a given census was enumerated at a place other than his/her birth place; irrespective of the duration of his/her stay there.
The four streams of migration in India are:
1. Rural to Urban
2. Rural to Rural
3. Urban to Rural
4. Urban to Urban
Distinguish between migration and commutation.Marks:2
- The movement of people from one place to another is called migration.
- Migration can be temporary or permanent.
- In the Census of India, migration is enumerated on two bases: (1) place of birth (2) place of residence
- The movement of people between two cities or between a city and the surrounding rural areas is called commutation.
- Commutation is always temporary.
- Before nineteenth century, most workers lived less than an hour's walk from their work. Today, many people travel daily to work a long way from their own towns, cities and villages.
Explain spatial variation of migration in India.Marks:2
Some states like Maharashtra, Delhi, Gujarat and Haryana attract migrants from the other states, such as Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, etc. Maharashtra occupies first place with 2.3 million net in-migrants, followed by Delhi, Gujrat and Haryana. On the other hand, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar are the states, with the largest number of net out-migrants from the state.
Among the urbanagglomeration, Greater Mumbai receives the higher number of in migrants.