Industrialisation

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  • Q1

    Mention one problem due to industry.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Excessive waste is generated in the production process. With rapid industrialisation, the waste generation has become a threat for the environment. Environmental pollution is an important problem nowadays as it leads to climatic changes.

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  • Q2

    State the primary dependence of industry on agriculture.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    The primary dependence of industry is based on the requirement of raw materials from agriculture for producing final goods.

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  • Q3

    Define Capital widening and Capital deepening.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Capital widening and Capital deepening are both involved in the process of industrialisation.

    Capital deepening means use of more capital per unit of output.

    Capital widening means growth of the stock of physical capital (example, machines, factory building, etc.)

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  • Q4

    Mention one reason of dependence of agriculture on industry.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Industry provides inputs such as power tillers, tractors, etc. for the improvement in cultivation techniques and to increase productivity in agriculture. Industries also provide infrastructural facilities like roads and transportation, which encourages the farmers to produce more.

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  • Q5

    Define Industry.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    The aggregate of manufacturing or technically productive enterprises in a particular field is named as industry of the principle product. e.g. Automobile Industry, Cotton Industry etc.

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