Problem of Unemployment in India

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  • Q1

    ________ includes all those persons who are actually employed in some kinds of economic activity.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Workforce

    Explanation:

    The workforce includes all those persons who are actually employed in some kinds of economic activity and as well as those who can be engaged in work.

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  • Q2

    In some occupations labourers get work only for 5 to 7 months in a year, this scenario is known as ___________.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Seasonal unemployment

    Explanation:

    The type of unemployment caused by change in season is termed seasonal unemployment. In India, it is generally found in the agriculture sector of the economy. For example; a sugar mill is closed for certain months in a year because of a shortage of supply of sugarcane.

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  • Q3

    Consider the statement “Truck and Bus transport render the operation of hand-driven or bullock carts of the little use”. This will create _____________.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Technological unemployment

    Explanation:

    Technological unemployment refers to a situation in which workers are put out of work by the introduction of superior technology in their area of operation.

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  • Q4

    When more persons are working in a job than actually required it is known as _____________.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Disguised unemployment

    Explanation:

    When more persons are working in a job than actually required it is known as Disguised unemployment. For example, if 25 workers are engaged in work and if 8 of them are withdrawn even though the production does not fall, then those 8 persons were disguised unemployed.

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  • Q5

    If a person is unwilling to work by choice, it is known as ____________.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Voluntary unemployment

    Explanation:

    If a person is unwilling to work by choice, it is known as Voluntary unemployment. There may be several reasons for this willingness for example; they may refuse to work at the current wage rate, etc.

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