Problem of Unemployment in India

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  • Q1

    ________ includes all those persons who are actually employed in some kinds of economic activity.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Labour force

    Explanation:

    Labour force includes all those persons who are actually employed in some kinds of economic activity and as well as those who can engaged in work. Children below 15 years and people above 60 years are excluded from labour force.

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  • Q2

    In some occupations labourers get work only for 5 to 7 months in a year, this scenario is known as ___________.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Seasonal unemployment

    Explanation:

    The type of unemployment caused by change in season is termed as seasonal unemployment. In India it is generally found in agriculture sector of the economy. For example; a sugar mill is closed for certain months in a year because of shortage of supply of sugarcane.

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  • Q3

    Consider the statement “Truck and Bus transport render the operation of hand driven or bullock carts of the little use”. This will create _____________.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Technological unemployment

    Explanation:

    Technological unemployment refers to a situation in which workers are put out of work by the introduction of superior technology in their area of operation.

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  • Q4

    When more persons are working in a job than actually required it is known as _____________.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Disguised unemployment

    Explanation:

    When more persons are working in a job than actually required it is known as Disguised unemployment. For example if 25 workers are engaged in a work and if 8 of them are withdrawn even though the production does not fall.

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  • Q5

    If a person is unwilling to work by choice, it is known as ____________.

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Voluntary unemployment

    Explanation:

    If a person is unwilling to work by choice, it is known as Voluntary unemployment. There must be several reasons for this willingness for example; they may refuse to work at current wage rate, etc.

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