Measures to Remove Poverty
There are many ways to remove poverty. They are high growth rate; check on prices, land reforms, population control, rural development, infrastructural development, equitable distribution of income, development of cottage and small scale industries and special programmes for poor.
The anti-poverty measures in India are based on two platforms, Promotion of economic growth and Targeted anti-poverty measures. Economic growth means higher industrialization, expansion in agricultural activities and increased job opportunities. Higher the economic growth, lesser will be the poverty and vice versa. Higher economic growth can help remove poverty only through the “Trickledown effect” which means that the fruits of the growth should filter down to the lower strata of people. There are various targeted anti-poverty programmes running in India. Some of them are Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, was launched on 2nd February, 2006 and aims at providing 100 days of unskilled wage employment in a year to each rural household within 15 days of applying for it, National Food for Work Programme, Prime Minister Rozgar Yojna, Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojna, Rural Employment Generation Programme, Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojna, Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojna, Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojna, etc. Under the provision of basic minimum needs, the government has launched Public Distribution System, Integrated Child Development Scheme, Mid-day Meal Scheme and Valmiki Ambedkar Awas Yojna.
The critical appraisal of the poverty alleviation programmes indicated both the achievements and the limitations of it. Poverty can be eradicated effectively only with the active involvement of poor in the implementation of these programmes.
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Consider the following statements and identify the Wrong one.Marks:2
Under the Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS), 40% of the rural and 30% of the urban population is entitled to subsidised food grains.
Under the Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS), 75% of the rural and 50% of the urban population is entitled to subsidised food grains. Beneficiary is entitled to 5kg of rice, wheat or course cereals per month at 3, 2 and 1 per kg respectively.
The objective of NFWP is ______________.Marks:1
To intensify the generation of supplementary wage employment.
NFWP stands for National Food for Work Programme. It was launched on November 14, 2004. Its objective is to intensify the generation of supplementary wage employment.
Government follows several steps of curb poverty. Identify the one which will not be followed by the government to curb poverty.Marks:1
Government should contrive different welfare programmes for improving the situation of poor people. These programme should be aimed at:
· Generate employment opportunities for poor people.
· Essential goods should be provided at subsidised rates.
· Other needs like education facilities, transportation, etc. should be provided at reasonable rates.
Under _________ scheme, 100 days of guaranteed wage employment is provided in every financial year to every poor household living in rural areas.Marks:1
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act
The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) was launched on February2, 2006. Under this scheme, 100 days of guaranteed wage employment is provided in every financial year to every poor household living in rural areas.
Growth can be augmented by:Marks:1
Both (a) and (b)
High growth rate of the economy is the result of efficient utilisation of resources and high productivity.
Growth can be augmented by:
(i) Use of modern techniques of production
(ii) Mechanisation of agricultural activity
(iii) Development of human resources