Measures to Remove Poverty
There are many ways to remove poverty. They are high growth rate; check on prices, land reforms, population control, rural development, infrastructural development, equitable distribution of income, development of cottage and small scale industries and special programmes for poor.
The anti-poverty measures in India are based on two platforms, Promotion of economic growth and Targeted anti-poverty measures. Economic growth means higher industrialization, expansion in agricultural activities and increased job opportunities. Higher the economic growth, lesser will be the poverty and vice versa. Higher economic growth can help remove poverty only through the “Trickledown effect” which means that the fruits of the growth should filter down to the lower strata of people. There are various targeted anti-poverty programmes running in India. Some of them are Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, was launched on 2nd February, 2006 and aims at providing 100 days of unskilled wage employment in a year to each rural household within 15 days of applying for it, National Food for Work Programme, Prime Minister Rozgar Yojna, Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojna, Rural Employment Generation Programme, Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojna, Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojna, Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojna, etc. Under the provision of basic minimum needs, the government has launched Public Distribution System, Integrated Child Development Scheme, Mid-day Meal Scheme and Valmiki Ambedkar Awas Yojna.
The critical appraisal of the poverty alleviation programmes indicated both the achievements and the limitations of it. Poverty can be eradicated effectively only with the active involvement of poor in the implementation of these programmes.