Interchange of Kinds of Sentences

In English language there are four types of sentences by structure:
•    Simple sentence
•    Compound sentence
•    Complex sentence
•    Compound-complex sentence

Using only simple sentences in writing makes it monotonous, whereas using only compound sentences in writing makes it a little difficult to grasp.
Complex sentences usually help establish clear relationships.

•    A simple sentence contains one independent clause and conveys one complete idea or thought.
•    A compound sentence consists of two or more independent clauses joined by a connective.
•    A complex sentence contains one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses.
•    A compound-complex sentence consists of two or more independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses.

A simple sentence can be changed into a complex sentence by expanding a word or a phrase into a subordinate clause (noun, adjective or adverb). For example-
People appreciated her behaviour - Simple sentence
People appreciated the way she behaved. - Complex sentence
The noun ‘behaviour’ in the example sentence is expanded into a noun clause ‘the way she behaved’.

A complex sentence can be converted into a simple sentence by reducing the subordinate clause (noun, adjective or adverb) to a word or a phrase. For example-
I know he is a zealous patriot. - Complex sentence
I know him to be a zealous patriot. - Simple sentence
In the example sentence, the noun clause ‘he is a zealous patriot’ is converted into a noun phrase, ‘to be a zealous patriot’.

A simple sentence can be converted into a compound sentence by expanding a word or a phrase into a co-ordinate clause.
Waking up in the morning she prepared for her exams. - Simple sentence
This sentence has one finite verb and one main clause.
She woke up in the morning and prepared for her exams. - Compound sentence
This sentence has two finite verbs and two main clauses.
Here, the participial phrase ‘waking up in the morning’ is changed into the clause ‘She woke up in the morning’.

 

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  • Q1

    Convert the following sentences into simple sentences.

    1. The judgment vindicated that he was innocent.

    2. How long will it rain is a matter to be speculated.

    3. We believe that he is honest.

    4. The news that the president has arrived spread like wildfire.

    5. It is reported that the village was bombed.

    Marks:5
    Answer:

    1. The judgment vindicated his innocence.

    2. The duration of the rain is a matter to be speculated.

    3. We believe in his honesty.

    4. The news of the president’s arrival spread like wildfire.

    5. The bombing of the village was reported.

    View Answer
  • Q2

    Change the following sentences into compound sentences.

    1. The teacher rewarded the boy for his hard work.

    2. With great effort, he told the truth.

    3. His family being supportive, he married the girl.

    4. Being an unhappy man, he was always annoyed.

    5. To everyone’s surprise, Sally won the race.

    Marks:5
    Answer:

    1. The boy worked hard and so, the teacher rewarded him.

    2. He put forth great effort and told the truth.

    3. His family was supportive so he married the girl.

    4. He was an unhappy man, so he was always annoyed.

    5. Sally won the race and everyone was surprised.

    View Answer
  • Q3

    Change the following sentences into compound sentences.

    1. Hammer the rock hard to break it.

    2. He must stay back to make up for coming late.

    3. Diving into the water, the kingfisher caught a fish.

    4. The beggar, being very hungry, ate too much.

    5. Besides being deaf, Helen was also blind.

    Marks:5
    Answer:

    1. Hammer the rock hard or you cannot break it.

    2. He must stay back and make up for coming late.

    3. The kingfisher dived into the water and caught a fish.

    4. The beggar was very hungry so he ate too much.

    5. Helen was not only deaf but also blind.

    View Answer
  • Q4

    Replace the underlined adjectives in the following sentences with appropriate adjective phrases.

    1. John is a friendless man.

    2. David is a versatile actor.

    3. We walked through the muddy road.

    4. Joe Root is a professional cricketer.

    5. Henry is a fearless boy.

    Marks:5
    Answer:

    1. John is a man without a friend.

    2. David is an actor of great versatility.

    3. We walked through the road covered with mud.

    4. Joe Root is a cricketer by profession.

    5. Henry is a boy without fear.

    View Answer
  • Q5

    Rewrite the following sentences as directed.

    1. He is weak for a child of seven. [Use ‘when we consider’]

    2. In spite of the bad weather Prince William set out. [Use ‘though’]

    3. The match being over, we took a short rest. [Start with ‘When the match’]

    4. He was punished on account of his negligence. [Use ‘because’]

    5. He was very sorry on realising his mistake. [Use when he found out’]

    Marks:5
    Answer:

    1. When we consider he is seven, he is rather weak.

    2. Prince William set out though the weather was bad.

    3. When the match was over we took a short rest.

    4. He was punished because he was negligent.

    5. He was very sorry when he realised his mistake.

    View Answer