Fundamental Rights, Duties And Directive Principles of State Policy

•    Fundamental Rights, inserted in Part III of Indian Constitution, though enjoyed by all Indian citizens, are not absolute. However, citizens can approach court if they are violated.
•    Fundamental Rights are classified into six categories: Right to Equality, Right to Freedom, Right against Exploitation, Right to Freedom of Religion, Cultural and Educational Rights and Right to Constitutional Remedies.
•    Part IVA (Article 51A) of Indian Constitution contains several Fundamental Duties, which all Indian citizens are expected to uphold and follow.
•    Directive Principles, enshrined in Part IV of Indian Constitution, strive to establish Welfare State in India, i.e. achievement of socio-economic democracy, as sworn in Preamble.

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  • Q1

    The fundamental right under which abolition of untouchability falls is:

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Right to Equality.

    Explanation:

    Right to Equality includes equality before law, prohibition of discrimination on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth, equality of opportunity in matters of public employment, abolition of untouchability and abolition of titles, etc.

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  • Q2

    Article 51(A) of the Indian Constitution deals with -

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Fundamental Duties

    Explanation:

    11 Fundamental Duties were added by the 42nd Amendment Act in 1976. Fundamental Rights are mentioned under the Articles 12-35. Directive Principles are mentioned under the Articles 36-51.

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  • Q3

    Abolition of Untouchability belongs to:

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Fundamental Right.

    Explanation:

    Article 17 of the Indian Constitution deals with the abolition of untouchablity. Every citizen is to be given equal opportunity in matters of education and employment.

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  • Q4

    The Fundamental Right under which prevention of bonded labour falls is:

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Right against Exploitation.

    Explanation:

    There are 7 Fundamental Rights. They are: 1. Right to Equality, 2. Right to Freedom, 3. Right against Exploitation, 4. Right to Freedom of Religion, 5. Cultural and Educational Rights, 6. Right to Constitutional Remedies, and 7. Right to Education.

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  • Q5

    In case of violation of Fundamental Rights, the authority that issues ‘writs’ is:

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Supreme Court.

    Explanation:

    Supreme Court issues special type of orders which are called 'writs' in case of violation of Fundamental Rights.

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