• After India’s independence in 1947, our country became a republic, in 1950, with a constitution. It can be defined as a document, containing rules and regulations for government, and people’s rights and duties.
• Constitution of India was framed by the Constituent Assembly, which held its meetings in 1946-49. The Drafting Committee was appointed to frame a draft constitution for India. The Constitution was formally adopted in 1950, on 26th January, which, till date, is celebrated as Republic Day.
• The Preamble, which declares India as ‘Sovereign, Socialist, Secular and Democratic Republic’, helps in interpreting Constitutional provisions. It also includes Ideals of the Constitution: Justice, Liberty, Equality, Fraternity and Integrity.
• Indian Constitution recognizes Single Citizenship, i.e. Indians can only be citizens of country of India, not of any particular state. This is unlike in USA, where Dual Citizenship is recognized, i.e. Americans are citizens of entire country and of state where they belong.
• Under Universal Adult Franchise, granted by Indian Constitution, right to vote should be granted to all adults, aged 18 years and above, irrespective of any biological or man-made distinctions.
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The Constitution of India came into effect on:Marks:1
26th January, 1950
The Constitution of India was adopted on 26th November, 1949, but it came into effect on 26th January, 1950. Hence, this day is celebrated as Republic Day, till date.
The first meeting of the Constituent Assembly had taken place on:Marks:1
9th December, 1946
The first session of the Constituent Assembly was held on 9 December, 1946 in the Central Hall of Parliament. The foundation of the constitutional structure was laid by the Objective Resolutions, moved by Jawaharlal Nehru on 13th December, 1946.
For a country, a constitution is important toMarks:1
limit the powers of the governmnet.
Constitution of a country is a set of written rules accepted by all the people living together in a country.
According to the Indian Constitution, the mechanism that put limits on the government authority isMarks:1
Explanation:Constitutions limit the power of government in many ways. The most common way of limiting the power of government is to specify certain Fundamental Rights that all of us possess as citizens and which no government can ever be allowed to violate.
The Indian Preamble has been amended:Marks:1
Under the 42nd Amendment (1976), two new words "SOCIALIST & SECULAR" have been added to the Preamble. It also contributed to the changes of the words 'Unity of Nation' into 'Unity and Integrity of the Nation'.