Mauryan Administration and Culture
• Mauryan government was hierarchical in nature, with many officials working under it. Spies were maintained by the empire, which also recruited a vast army for defence.
• Mauryan kingdom was divided into five provinces, each governed by a royal prince. He was aided by a council of ministers. Magadha, the central province, was headquarters of entire kingdom.
• Provinces were subdivided into districts, each controlled by a group of officials. They were assisted by their subordinates. Each district comprised many villages.
• According to Megasthenes, municipal administration of a Mauryan cities like Pataliputra, the capital, was run by six different boards, each having five members.
• Revenue of Mauryan Empire came from taxes, tributes, including on commodities coming from distant regions; trade and commerce. Forest people, although largely free, paid tribute in form of elephants and forest produce.
• Mauryan army was a huge standing army. Like city administration, it was controlled by six boards. It comprised navy, military transport, infantry, cavalry, war chariots and elephantry.
• To propagate Buddhist principles of dhamma (Buddhist code of conduct), Ashoka led by example, by visiting several Buddhist pilgrimage sites. He also sent scholars to propagate it, and constructed many monasteries.
• Ashoka appointed special officers – Dhamma Mahamatras – to spread Buddhist messages among his subjects. He also convened Third Buddhist Council, at Pataliputra, to discuss ways to promote Buddhism.
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Ashoka appointed officials, known as the dhamma mahamatta to teach people aboutMarks:1
Explanation:Ashoka the Maurya ruler popularised dhamma the code of conduct for his subjects. He inscribed his principles on the pillars and rocks all over his empire. Ashoka defined the main principles of dharma (dhamma) as nonviolence, tolerance of all sects and opinions, obedience to parents, respect for the Brahmans and other religious teachers and priests, liberality towards friends, humane treatment of servants, and generosity towards all.
A gateway to the north-west, including the Central Asia wasMarks:1
Explanation:Taxila was one of the capitals of the Mauryan Dynasty, including Ujjain and Patliputra. It was considered as the gateway to the north-west (including Central Asia).
Ashoka appointed special officials who were known as theMarks:1
Explanation:Dhamma Mahamattas were appointed as special officials by Ashoka. They went from place to place in order to spread the concept of Dhamma.
Administration of the important Mauryan Provinces was placed under the control ofMarks:1
The vast Mauryan empire was divided into provinces. Most of the important provinces were placed under the control of princes from the royal family, called kumaras. They ruled the provinces as viceroys or representatives of the king.
The emperor collected taxes fromMarks:1
farmers,herders and craftsperson.
Explanation:The emperor appointed various officials to collect taxes from farmers, herders, craftsman and traders.People who paid taxes lived villages and towns in the area.