The Mughal Empire II
• Under Mughals, the centre was headed by the emperor, who was aided by several officials. Among them, Diwan carried many responsibilities and powers.
• Other officers included Mir Bakshi, Mir Saman, Chief Sadr, Chief Qazi, Vakil, Mir Atish, Daroga-i-Dak Chauki and Sadr-us-Sudur.
• Mughal Empire had 15 provinces (subas) by 1602 AD, each governed by a subadar. He took care of law and administration, while revenue was handled by Diwan.
• Under Mansabdari system, emperor appointed mansabdars to take care of army and bureaucracy. Each noble maintained specific contingent of cavalry, as per his rank, and a mansab (granted land). Mansabdars performed both administrative and military duties. They were paid in cash or jagirs.
• Akbar’s finance minister – Todar Mal – devised Dahsala system, for revenue collection. Revenue collector (Amil) gave loans (taccavi) to peasants to buy agricultural requirements.
• Peasants who paid their dues enjoyed hereditary rights over their land, and could not be evicted.
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The name of Jahangir's mother wasMarks:1
Explanation:harkabai was Kachhwaha princess and daughter of Rajput ruler of Amber. Akbar established matrimonial alliances to strengthen the Mughal rule in India. Akbar offered good positions to Rajputs in his administration.
The immediate threat in the year 1500 to the mughal authority was theMarks:1
Explanation:In the year 1500, the mughal authority was threatened by other clans and the main threat was the Afghans from the North West region.
Match the following:
List I List II
(A) Bakhshi (i) Religious Minister
(B) Sadr (ii) Military Paymaster
(C) Faujdar (iii) Military commander
(D) Kotwal (iv) Police commanderMarks:1
A - (ii), B - (i), C - (iii), D - (iv)
Explanation:'1' is the right match.
guerilla warfare was started by the marathas in the deccan during the reign ofMarks:1
From 1698 Aurangzeb personally managed campaigns in the Deccan against the Marathas who started guerrilla warfare.
Subas in Mughal empire stands forMarks:1
Explanation:Ain-i-Akbari provides the details of the administrative set up of the Mughal Empire. It mentions that the Empire as whole was divided into provinces known as subas. The number of subas continued to be differ from one ruler to other. The number of subas at the time of Akbar was 12 and rose to 18 under Aurangzeb. Subas were governed by a subadar.