Urban Local Self-Government

  • Urban local bodies, introduced by British government in India, in 19th century, underwent a revamp under 74th Amendment Act, 1992. It recommended a three-tier structure, comprising Nagar Panchayats, Municipal Councils and Municipal Corporations.
  • Municipal Corporations, elected for five-year term, comprises General Council, Mayor, Standing Committee and Municipal Commissioner.
  • General Council comprises Municipal Councilors, elected by city’s adult citizens, on basis of Universal Adult Franchise. Mayor and Deputy Mayor are annually elected among Corporation members.
  • Municipal Commissioner is Municipal Corporation’s Chief Executive Officer. A Municipal Committee, also known as Municipality or Municipal Board, is a self-governing institution in a city or town.

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  • Q1

    The setting up of ''Two-tier Panchayati Raj Institution'' was recommended by the

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Ashok Mehta

    Explanation:
    Ashok Mehta Committee recommended the setting up of ''Two-tier Panchayati Raj institutions'' in India.
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  • Q2

    In smaller towns, a local self-government is called:

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Municipal Council

    Explanation:

    In smaller towns, local self-government is called a Municipal Council or a Municipal Committee.

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  • Q3

    The demands of wards are placed before entire council by the

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    ward councillors.

    Explanation:
    The ward councillors not only prepare the budget but also ensure that the demands of their wards are placed before the Council.
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  • Q4

    In a municipal corporation the elected members are called as

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    Councillors.

    Explanation:
    The Commissioner and administrative staff are appointed, wheread, councillors are elected.
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  • Q5

    Which two of the following shows the difference between a village and a city?

    Marks:1
    Answer:

    City is larger than a village. It has crowded markets and electricity facilities

    Explanation:
    A city is larger than a village. It has crowded markets and transportation, water & electricity facilities. But, a village does not have any of these facilities.
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