Inclusive Education 101: A Guide for Teachers

June 13, 2024 | By: Extramarks

inclusive education

A classroom where everyone feels welcomed and valued is a great place to learn. Teachers work hard to create this kind of environment, and one way they do it is through something called inclusive education.

If you’re a teacher who wants to support every student’s learning journey, this article is perfect for you. We’ll talk about what inclusive education is, why it matters, and how you can make your classroom more inclusive for everyone.

What is Inclusive Education?

Inclusion in any field aims to honour the dignity of all individuals and promote their active involvement in society, regardless of their unique characteristics.

Similarly, inclusive education focuses on meeting the diverse learning needs of every student. It’s based on the idea that every child deserves to be part of regular education and have the same opportunities for growth.

In an inclusive classroom, teachers collaborate to provide appropriate support to students with disabilities or from different backgrounds. This fosters genuine participation and values everyone’s contributions. Inclusive education embraces diversity as a core aspect of a country’s education system.

Types of Inclusive Education

Choosing the right type of inclusive education is important to meet individual needs. There are five main approaches:

1. Full Inclusion

In this approach, all students are taught together, regardless of their learning challenges. Full inclusion works well if special students can be supported within the regular classroom. However, extra help from special education teachers may be needed if students require additional support.

2. Partial Inclusion

Partial inclusion lets students interact with their peers but might involve them attending separate classes to avoid disrupting the regular classroom.

3. Mainstreaming

Under this model, students with special needs start in separate classrooms. If they do well, they might join regular classes later on.

4. Co-Teaching

In this approach, two or more teachers work together in a general education classroom. One focuses on the regular curriculum while the other supports students with disabilities. This way, all students get the help they need in the regular classroom.

5. Universal Design for Learning

Universal Design for Learning (UDL) is a framework aimed at making learning environments accessible and effective for all students, regardless of their abilities. UDL promotes providing multiple ways for students to engage with the material, understand it, and show what they know. By integrating this approach into instruction, educators can support the needs of diverse learners, benefiting all students, including those with disabilities.

The Benefits of Inclusive Education

1. Social Growth

Kids pick up a lot from what’s around them, especially when they see acceptance of diversity. This helps them learn to respect and understand different cultures and abilities by watching and copying. It also boosts their self-assurance.

2. Stronger Bonds

When kids with and without disabilities learn together, they form connections they might not have made otherwise. Interacting in inclusive classrooms leads to special friendships that promote open-mindedness.

3. Academic Success

Inclusive classrooms use special teaching methods to help all students succeed academically. With a supportive learning environment and peer encouragement, students often achieve better academic results than in classrooms without inclusion.

4. Community Support

Inclusive education not only benefits students but also provides important support to their families. Parents of children with special needs find valuable community connections, which can improve their well-being. This community support fosters stronger bonds and reduces discrimination.

5. Varied Extracurricular Opportunities

Inclusive schools prioritize offering a range of extracurricular activities throughout the year, involving both disabled and non-disabled students. This involvement supports overall physical development among students.

6. Unlocking Student Potential

Inclusive education ensures that every student, regardless of ability, has access to a curriculum that meets their needs. By providing necessary support, it enables all students to reach their academic potential, promoting a supportive learning environment for everyone.

7. Fosters Acceptance and Understanding

Inclusive education aims to create an environment of acceptance and understanding by bringing together students of all abilities into one learning space. By doing so, it breaks down barriers that may exist between students with and without disabilities, fostering a sense of community and mutual understanding within the school. Additionally, inclusive education allows students with disabilities to learn alongside their peers, offering them both academic and social benefits.

Role Of Teachers in Inclusive Education

1. Identifying Needs and Providing Support:

Teachers help figure out each student’s strengths and what kind of help they might need in school, learning, and getting along with others. They work with parents to create personalised learning plans to make sure every student succeeds.

2. Fair Tests and Different Ways to Learn:

Teachers use different tests and grading methods to make sure everyone has a fair chance to show what they know. This might involve changing assignments a bit, giving clear explanations about what’s expected, and using different ways to teach the same topic.

3. Keeping Parents Informed and Building Trust:

Talking to parents regularly is important. Teachers can share how students are doing and answer any questions parents might have. This helps build trust and makes working together to support students easier.

4. Always Learning and Working as a Team:

Creating a welcoming classroom is a team effort. Teachers work with other teachers,parents, specialists, and even community groups to provide the best support for all students. Teachers also keep learning new ways to teach so they can meet everyone’s needs.

5. Making Learning Fun and Easier to Understand:

Teachers might change the learning materials or how they teach things to fit each student’s needs. This could involve using extra worksheets, flashcards, pictures, or even recordings to help students learn and feel engaged.

6. Helping Quietly and Learning from Each Other:

Sometimes students might need a little extra help. Teachers can give this support in a way that doesn’t make anyone feel different, and they can also encourage students to help each other learn. This creates a classroom where everyone feels comfortable asking for help and everyone can learn from each other.

How Do Extramarks Help in Inclusive Education?

  • Integrates Technology: Seamlessly incorporates technology to address diverse learning needs.
  • Inclusive Principles: Ensures no student is left behind, regardless of abilities, disabilities, or background.
  • Comprehensive Tools: Offers interactive digital accessible content, personalized assessments, and immersive learning experiences.
  • Engages All Learning Styles: Designed to cater to different learning styles, making education accessible and enjoyable.
  • Supports Special Needs: Provides targeted support for students with special needs.
  • Enriches Learning Environment: Fosters a culture of diversity and inclusion in the classroom.

Closing Thoughts

Extramarks Smart Class Plus makes it simple to integrate technology to match each student’s specific learning needs, it is a vital tool for inclusive education. Regardless of aptitude, handicap, or background, Extramarks Smart Class Plus guarantees that no student is left behind by adhering to inclusive education principles. It accommodates a wide range of learning preferences and makes learning interesting and enjoyable for everyone with its vast library of interactive digital content, customized exams, and interactive learning opportunities. The platform’s innovative methodology supports students with special needs and fosters a diverse and inclusive classroom culture. and enhances everyone’s learning environment.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the aim of inclusive education?

Inclusive education aims to ensure all students, regardless of their abilities, disabilities, or backgrounds, can learn together in the same environment, promoting equality and respect for diversity.

What are the three types of inclusive education?

  1. Physical Inclusion: Ensuring all students are present in mainstream classrooms.
  2. Social Inclusion: Encouraging social interactions among all students.
  3. Academic Inclusion: Providing appropriate support for all students to participate in the same curriculum.

What is inclusive education in NEP?

In the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020, inclusive education focuses on integrating children with special needs into mainstream education through tailored support, infrastructure, and teacher training to ensure equitable learning opportunities.

Who introduced inclusive education?

Inclusive education has been influenced by various international movements and policies. However, it gained significant global momentum with UNESCO’s 1994 Salamanca Statement, advocating for schools to accommodate all children, regardless of their physical, intellectual, social, emotional, linguistic, or other conditions.

Last Updated on June 20, 2024

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