CBSE Class 12 Syllabus

CBSE Class 12 Syllabus

Class 12 is an important stage for every student in their career. The students need to work hard for the entire year to score good marks in the board examination. For that, the students must go through the CBSE class 12 syllabus before starting their preparation. Owing to the Covid-19 situation, the board has reduced the syllabus for the academic year 2022-23 and divided the examination into two terms, as per the Special Scheme of Assessment for Classes 10 and 12 for the academic year 2022-23.

The CBSE syllabus for class 12 ensures that all the critical topics are covered even in the time of the coronavirus pandemic. Term 1 and term 2 of the examination are aimed at easing the load off the students in terms of the syllabus. Students must analyze the syllabus and strategize their preparation to score well in the exam. With the help of the syllabus, the students can make sure that no topic is left untouched while preparing for the board exam.

CBSE Class 12 Syllabus Term Wise All Subjects 

In this article, the students can find the CBSE syllabus for class 12 in detail. The students can get an idea of important topics that carry a lot of weightage in terms of marks in the exam. The students may click on the links provided and check the syllabus for their reference.

It is important to note that the CBSE syllabus for class 12 is very important for students who are preparing for competitive examinations like JEE, NEET, etc. The students should first cover their NCERTs and then refer to other books to cover all the topics in the syllabus. This will help them in sailing smoothly through the board exam as well as the competitive exams.

CBSE Class 12 Syllabus for 2023-24

Updated CBSE class 12 Syllabus For all Subjects 2023-24

  1. The revised CBSE class 12 syllabus for Mathematics includes a new topic, i.e., Data Handling. It consists of data representation, collection, and data analysis. The weightage of class 11 topics in the board exams have been increased and the weightage of class 12 topics has been reduced.
  2. In Physics, two new elective subjects have been introduced in the CBSE 2022 syllabus for class 12 and class 11.  These elective subjects are Electronics and Communication (EC) and Computer Science (CS).
  3. In the revised syllabus for Chemistry, the CBSE has reduced 50 marks carried by the experimental questions in Physical Chemistry (section A).
  4. The revised class 12 syllabus for Biology includes an additional topic under Ecology, namely, ‘Ecological Interrelationships’, which highlights the importance of an ecosystem. The old syllabus of biotechnology has been revised to ‘Microbes and bioremediation’ and it includes genetic engineering, recombinant DNA technology, synthetic biology, etc.
  5. The revised CBSE 12 syllabus for English for 2023-2024 saw a reduction of 50 marks from section A (Prose). Similarly, for Hindi, the revised syllabus comprises two sections, namely, prose and poetry, carrying the weightage of 150 and 100 marks, respectively.
  6. The CBSE class 12 syllabus for Accountancy for 2023-24 again saw a reduction in 50 marks from section A (Financial reporting and Analysis).
  7. For Business Studies, the CBSE board exam consists of two sections, namely, business environment and practices (BEP) & management accounting. The marks weightage are 150 and 100 marks, respectively.  
  8. CBSE class 12 syllabus for physical education consists of four compulsory papers. There is a reduction of 50 marks from section A.
  9. The revised syllabus of Economics for 2023-24 consists of two sections, Microeconomics and Macroeconomics. Again, there has been a reduction of 50 marks from section A (Microeconomics).
  10. The revised CBSE class 12 syllabus for Political science for 2022 consists of four compulsory papers, each carrying 100 marks, and the duration for finishing each paper is 90 minutes. There has been a reduction of 50 marks from section A (Political Science).
  11. The revised syllabus for Biotechnology is now known as ‘Microbes and Bioremediation’, and it includes genetic engineering, recombinant DNA technology, synthetic biology etc. the CBSE board exam 2023-24 consists of two sections- life sciences and non-life sciences. The marks distribution is 150 marks and 100 marks, respectively. The duration for each subject is 3 hours.
  12. The CBSE class 12 syllabus for computer science was revised similarly. The board exam for the session 2023-24 will consist of four compulsory papers. The marks allocated for each paper are 100, to be completed in 90 minutes duration. There has been a reduction of 50 marks from section A (Computer Science).

The Importance of CBSE 2023-24 Syllabus Class 12

Class 12th board exam is very critical for any student’s career and the CBSE Class 12 syllabus plays a very crucial role in exam preparation. Following are the reasons why students must go through their syllabus while preparing for the exam:

  • The entire course structure is covered in the syllabus. Students get an idea of the mark distribution for each section and the time duration to answer the questions.
  • From the CBSE class 12 syllabus, the students get an idea of the exam pattern and the kind of questions that can be expected.
  • Since the exam paper is completely based on the syllabus, the students must cover every topic from the syllabus and practice from CBSE sample papers to gain an edge in the examination.
  • A thorough analysis of the syllabus and preparation in accordance with that will ensure that no topic is left behind.
  • The CBSE class 12 syllabus is a source of information for not just students, but also faculties in designing the teaching methodologies for the session.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. How many practical exams are there in the class 12 board exam?

The practical exams for various subjects are held in school with an internal and an external examiner. External teachers design the question papers. There are various subjects for which practical exams are held. These include Accountancy, Economics, Business Studies, Maths, Entrepreneurship, Computer science, Information Practices, Chemistry, Biology, Physics, Biotechnology, Fine arts, Political science, sociology, Geography, and Psychology.

2. What is the weightage of marks in the class 12 board exam?

The marks distribution as per CBSE class 12 syllabus for Maths are given below:

The marks distribution as per CBSE class 12 syllabus for Maths are given below:

Unit Chapter Marks
Unit 1 – Electrostatics Chapter–1: Electric Charges and Fields 16
Chapter–2: Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
Unit 2 – Current Electricity Chapter -3: Current Electricity
Unit 3 – Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism Chapter–4: Moving Charges and Magnetism 17
Chapter–5: Magnetism and Matter
Unit 4 – Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents Chapter–6: Electromagnetic Induction
Chapter–7: Alternating Current
Unit 5 – Electromagnetic Waves Chapter–8: Electromagnetic Waves 18
Unit 6 – Optics Chapter–9: Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
Chapter–10: Wave Optics
Unit 7 – Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter Chapter–11: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter 12
Unit 8 – Atoms and Nuclei Chapter–12: Atoms
Chapter–13: Nuclei
Unit 9 – Electronic Devices Chapter–14: Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits 7
Total 70

The marks distribution as per CBSE class 12 syllabus for Chemistry are given below:

Unit No.


Unit I Solid State 23
Unit II Solutions
Unit III Electrochemistry
Unit IV Chemical Kinetics
Unit V Surface Chemistry
Unit VII p -Block Elements 19
Unit VIII d -and f -Block Elements
Unit IX Coordination Compounds
Unit X Haloalkanes and Haloarenes 28
Unit XI Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
Unit XII Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
Unit XIII Amines
Unit XIV Biomolecules
  Total 70

The marks distribution as per CBSE class 12 syllabus for Biology are given below:



VI Reproduction 14
VII Genetics and Evolution 18
VIII Biology and Human Welfare 14
IX Biotechnology and its Applications 10
X Ecology and Environment 14
  Total 70

3. What are the revised rules for the CBSE Class 12 exam?

CBSE has announced new guidelines for class 12 students for the academic year 2023-24. The exam structure has been revised, and the exam will be conducted in two terms. The mode of the examination will be offline. Term 1 of the examination consists of multiple-choice questions (MCQs), and the term 2 exam is subjective in nature. Additionally, the subjects are divided into minor and major categories.