ISC Class 12 Syllabus

ISC Class 12 All Subjects Semester Wise Syllabus

The authorities of the ISC board of studies and education department have released the new ISC class 12 syllabus. In the new and updated syllabus, all the topics from each subject have been covered to provide a thorough understanding of concepts to students. To make it easier for students, Extramarks provides the syllabus in a semester-wise manner so that there is no confusion in the minds of the students. By following the new ISC 12 syllabus, students will be able to prepare for their exams perfectly and score high marks as well. 

ISC Class 12 All Subjects Semester (1 & 2) Syllabus  

Students who want to have an understanding of the syllabus, as well as ICSE solutions, can access the entire curriculum on Extramarks. Students will find the syllabus for each and every subject in class 12 on the website. There are several subjects included in class 12th and all of them are important for students depending upon their chosen stream. The comprehensive syllabus helps the students and guides them properly in the preparation for the exam. 

ISC Class 12 Semester Wise Syllabus        

There are various subjects in class 12, including all the streams, such as Physics, Biology, Accountancy, Business Studies, Chemistry, English, Information Technology, Geography, History, Mathematics, and others. Students, depending upon their chosen subjects, must have an idea of the ISC class 12 syllabus, to be able to score high marks. Here is the semester wise syllabus of different subjects for ISC class 12-

Physics:

Semester 1

  • Electrostatics
  • Current Electricity
  • Magnetic effects of current and magnetism
  • Electromagnetic induction and alternating currents
  • Electromagnetic waves

Semester 2

  • Optics
  • Dual nature of radiation and matter
  • Atoms and nuclei
  • Electronic devices

Chemistry:

Semester 1:

  • Solid State
  • Solutions 
  • Electrochemistry
  • General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
  • p -Block Elements
  • Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
  • Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers

Semester 2:

  • Chemical Kinetics
  • Surface Chemistry
  • d and f Block Elements
  • Coordination Compounds
  • Aldehydes, Ketones, and Carboxylic Acids
  • Organic Compounds containing Nitrogen
  • Biomolecules
  • Chemistry in Everyday Life

Mathematics: 

Semester 1: 

Section A

  • Relations and Functions (Complete Unit)
  • Algebra (Complete Unit)
  • Calculus
    • Continuity, Differentiability, and Differentiation 
    • Applications of Derivatives

Section B

  • Vectors (Complete Unit)
  • Three-Dimensional Geometry

Section C

  • Application of Calculus (Complete Unit)

Semester 2: 

Section A

  • Calculus
    • Integrals 
    • Differential Equations
  • Probability (Complete Unit)

Section B

  • Three-Dimensional Geometry

Planes

  • Applications of Integrals (Complete Unit)

Section C

  • Linear Regression (Complete Unit)
  • Linear Programming (Complete Unit)

Biology:

Semester 1:

  • Reproduction (Complete Unit)
  • Genetics and Evolution (Complete Unit)
  • Biology and Human Welfare
    • Microbes in Human Welfare

Semester 2: 

  • Biology and Human Welfare
  1. Human Health and Diseases 
  2. Strategies for enhancement in Food Production
  • Biotechnology and its Applications (Complete Unit)
  • Ecology and Environment (Complete Unit)

English: 

Semester 1:

Language

  • Comprehension
  • Grammar

Literature

  • The Tempest: William Shakespeare 

Act III

  • Echoes: A Collection of ISC Short Stories
  1. To Build a Fire – Jack London 
  2. The Story of an Hour – Kate Chopin
  • Reverie: A Collection of ISC Poems
  1. The Darkling Thrush Thomas Hardy 
  2. Birches– Robert Frost 
  3. Crossing the Bar – Alfred, Lord Tennyson

Semester 2:

Language

  • Composition
  • Directed Writing
  • Proposal Writing

Literature

  • The Tempest: William Shakespeare

Acts IV & V

  • Echoes: A Collection of ISC Short Stories 
    • The Singing Lesson – Katherine Mansfield 
    • The Sound Machine – Roald Dahl 
    • B. Wordsworth – V.S. Naipaul
  • Reverie: A Collection of ISC Poems
    • Dover Beach – Matthew Arnold 
    • We are the Music Makers – Arthur William Edgar O’Shaughnessy

Computer Science: 

Semester 1:

  • Boolean Algebra (Complete Unit)
  • Computer Hardware (Complete Unit)
  • Implementation of algorithms to solve problems (Complete Unit)
  • Programming in Java (Review of Class XI Sections B and C) (Complete Unit)
  • Objects (Complete Unit)
  • Primitive Values, Wrapper classes, Types, and casting (Complete Unit)
  • Variables, Expressions (Complete Unit)
  • Statements, Scope (Complete Unit)
  • Methods (Complete Unit)
  • Arrays, Strings
  • Arrays

Semester 2:

  • Arrays, Strings 
  • Recursion (Complete Unit)
  • Inheritance, Interface, and Polymorphism (Complete Unit)
  • Data structures (Complete Unit)

Biotechnology: 

Semester 1: 

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetic Engineering

Semester 2:

  • Cell Culture Technology
  • Bioinformatics

Accounts: 

Semester 1:

Section A

  • Partnership Accounts
      • Fundamentals  of Partnership 
      • Goodwill 
      • Reconstitution  of Partnership 
  • Admission of a  partner
    • Joint Stock Company Accounts
    • Issue of Shares 
    • Final Accounts  of Companies

Section B

  • Ratio Analysis (Complete Unit)

Section C

  • Accounting Application of Electronic SpreadSheet (Complete Unit)

Semester: 2

Section A

  • Partnership Accounts
    • Reconstitution  of Partnership
    • Retirement of  a partner 
    • Dissolution of  a Partnership Firm
  • Joint Stock Company Accounts
    • Issue of Debentures 
    • Redemption of Debentures

Section B

  • Financial Statement Analysis (Complete Unit)
  • Cash Flow Statement (Complete Unit)

Section C

  • Database Management System (DBMS) (Complete Unit)

Business Studies:

Semester 1:

  • Human Resource Management

Semester 2:

  • Business Communication and Correspondence
  • Business Size and Finance
  • Globalization and recent trends in business
  • Business Regulators and Intermediaries

History: 

Semester 1:

  • Towards Independence and Partition: the Last Phase (1935- 1947)
  • Establishment and development of Indian democracy (1947 – 1966)
  • Challenges to Indian Democracy (1964 – 1977)
  • Changing the face of the Indian Democracy (1977 – 1986)
  • India’s Foreign Policy
  • Movements for Women’s Rights

Semester 2:

  • World War II
  • De-colonisation – in Asia (China)
  • Cold War 1945-91– origin, course, end and impact
  • Protest Movements
  • Middle East: Israeli-Palestine conflict (1916-1993)

Political Science: 

Semester 1:

  • Forms of Government
  • Constitution
  • Franchise
  • The Legislature
  • The Executive

Semester 2: 

  • The Judiciary
  • Indian Constitution
  • Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles
  • Local self-government
  • Democracy in India – A perspective of the challenges faced

Sociology: 

Semester 1:

  • Social Institutions
  • Religion and Society
  • Political Organisation
  • Economic Organisation

Semester 2:

  • Tribal India- Past, Present and Future
  • Social Stratification
  • Social Change and Development

Geography: 

Semester 1: 

  • Physical Environment (Complete Unit)
  • Population and Human settlements (Complete Unit)
  • Resources of India and their Utilisation
  1. Need for environmental management vis-à-vis development. 
  2. Land resources: Land use pattern in India – the quality of cultivable land, size of landholdings. 
  3. Water resources and types of irrigation.
  • Map Work

Related to the given topics

Semester 2: 

  • Resources of India and their Utilisation

(iv) Agriculture: Types,development and problems. 

(v) Fishing in India, Japan, and Bangladesh. 

(vi) Sources of Energy

  • Infrastructural Resources (Development of Transport and Communication) (Complete Unit)
  • Industries (Complete Unit)
  • Regional Economic Development (Complete Unit)
  • Map Work

Related to the given

Home Science: 

Semester 1:

  • Food Preparation
  • Meal Planning for the Family
  • Resource Management
  • Consumer Education

Semester 2:

  • Human Development
  • Traditional Textiles
  • Communication and Extension

Elective English: 

Semester 1:

  • To Kill a Mockingbird: Harper Lee (Novel)

Chapters 1 – 15

  • The Hungry Tide: Amitav Ghosh (Novel)

Part One: The Ebb

  • A Doll’s House: Henrik Ibsen (Play)

Act One

  • Death of a Salesman: Arthur Miller (Play)

Act One

  • Nineteenth and Twentieth Century Verse (An anthology of sixteen poets. Edited by Chris Woodhead) (OUP)

D.H. Lawrence: Snake, Bavarian Gentians, The Ship of Death.

Edward Thomas: October, As the Team’s Head Brass, Beauty. 

Seamus Heaney: Follower, At a Potato Digging, Punishment.

Semester 2:

  • To Kill a Mockingbird: Harper Lee (Novel)

Chapters 16 – 31

  • The Hungry Tide: Amitav Ghosh (Novel)

Part Two: The Flood

  • A Doll’s House: Henrik Ibsen (Play)

Act Two and Act Three

  • Death of a Salesman: Arthur Miller (Play)

Act Two and Requiem

  • Nineteenth and Twentieth Century Verse (An anthology of sixteen poets. Edited by Chris Woodhead) (OUP)

Ted Hughes: The Thought Fox, Pike, Crow Tyrannosaurus, Ravens.

Philip Larkin: Church Going, Dockery and Son, The Whitsun Weddings.

W.H. Auden: Refugee Blues, The Shield of Achilles, The Unknown Citizen, Musee des Beaux Arts.

Note: Any three of the prescribed books are to be studied.

Economics: 

Semester 1:

  • Micro Economic Theory

Semester 2:

  • Theory of Income and Employment
  • Money and Banking
  • Balance of Payment and Exchange Rate
  • Public Finance
  • National Income 

Psychology:

Semester 1:

  • Intelligence and Ability
  • Personality
  • Lifespan Development

Semester 2:

  • Stress and Stress Management
  • Psychological Disorders and Psychotherapy
  • Social Thought and Social Behaviour
  • Attitudes
  • Applications of Psychology

ISC Class 12 Semester Wise Syllabus        

There are several subjects in class 12 and each one of them is important. Class 12 is considered the most important stage in every student’s life since it is the stepping stone to higher studies. The marks acquired in class 12 determine admission to college. To prepare well for the exam, students must also have a thorough idea of their syllabus to find out the relevant topics and concepts. There are two semesters in an academic year. Most of the time, students get confused about which topic will come in which semester and end up studying extra or less because of confusion. On the website of Extramarks, students will be able to find a separate syllabus for every subject that is categorized on the basis of their semesters. This will further help students cover the ISC syllabus 2021 on time, providing them with enough time for revision at the time of their examinations. 

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
1. How do I prepare for the class 12th boards?

Every concept in class 12th holds great importance. Students must practise the ISC sample question papers regularly to be able to prepare for the exam. Additionally, they should refer to other learning materials and mock tests on Extramarks to score better in the Class 12 examination.

2. How can I find the semester wise syllabus for class 12?

Students can easily find the semester wise syllabus for class 12 on Extramarks

3. What is the key aspect for the class 12th exam preparation?

One of the key aspects in the class 12 preparation is the revision of important questions. Students must have a look at the questions and practice or revise them timely.