Complete Syllabus to Cover for NEET 2024

March 4, 2024 | By: Extramarks

NEET 2024

The National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) is one of the most significant challenges an aspiring medical student from India will encounter on their path to securing a medical seat. It is not just a test of knowledge but a measure of one’s dedication, perseverance, and strategic preparation. With NEET 2024 on the horizon, understanding the intricacies of the NEET exam syllabus for 2024 becomes crucial. Let us delve into the revised NEET 2024 syllabus set forth by the National Testing Agency (NTA), and review all the information needed to navigate the preparation journey effectively.

Overview of NEET 2024 Syllabus

Complete Syllabus to Cover for NEET 2024

The revised NEET exam syllabus will help the NTA evaluate the core competencies essential for a budding medical professional. The changes incorporated in 2024 aim to streamline the syllabus to focus on fundamental concepts and applications. The syllabus comprises the same essential subjects of Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.  However, it now incorporates some new topics and has dropped some previous ones, as decided by the National Medical Commission. 

While the syllabus primarily draws from  Class 11 and 12 curricula, aspirants must deepen their understanding of the foundational concepts in these key subjects. This will ensure that students can confidently tackle the examination once they have a thorough grasp of the fundamentals. As you embark on your preparation journey, remember that a strong foundation in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology is vital for success in the NEET UG exam.

Physics

The NEET Physics syllabus for 2024 is thoughtfully crafted to encompass the foundational and advanced aspects of physics, essential for a comprehensive understanding of the subject. With its substantial contribution of 180 marks to the total, mastering each unit is crucial for candidates aiming for high scores. The syllabus spans a wide range of topics, including Laws of Motion, Work, Energy, and Power, Thermodynamics, Optics, and more. It also introduces candidates to significant advancements in physics through newly added topics.

Back To School

Unit 1 – Physical World and Measurement

Explores the essence of physics and the significance of measurements. Introduces SI units, measurement errors, and significant figures. Discusses dimensional analysis and the newly added concept of Least Count, emphasising measurement accuracy.

Unit 2 – Kinematics

Focuses on motion analysis without considering forces. Topics include reference frames, straight-line motion, graphical motion analysis, velocity, and acceleration. Expands to vector operations, projectile motion, and circular motion, integrating basic calculus for motion description.

Unit 3 – Laws of Motion

Examines Newton’s laws, force, inertia, momentum, and applications in various scenarios, including friction and circular motion. Introduces equilibrium concepts, highlighting the importance of understanding motion dynamics.

Unit 4 – Work, Energy, and Power

Covers the relationship between work, energy, and the conservation of energy. Discusses kinetic and potential energies, work-energy theorem, and energy transformation, providing a basis for analysing mechanical interactions.

Unit 5 – Motion of Systems of Particles and Rigid Body

Introduces centre of mass, rotational motion, torque, angular momentum, and inertia, with a focus on the conservation principles and dynamics of rigid bodies. The basic concept of rotational motion is highlighted as a new addition.

Unit 6 – Gravitation

Elaborates on gravitational forces, Kepler’s laws, orbital motion, and gravitational potential. Includes new topics on satellite motion and energy, enriching the understanding of universal gravitation.

Unit 7 – Properties of Solids and Liquids

Discusses elasticity, fluid mechanics, and thermal properties. Explores stress-strain relationships, viscosity, surface tension, and heat transfer, with special emphasis on fluid statics and dynamics, including the impact of gravity on fluid pressure.

Unit 8 – Thermodynamics

Introduces concepts of thermal equilibrium, heat, work, and the laws governing thermodynamic processes. Discusses isothermal and adiabatic processes, providing a foundation for understanding energy transfer and system behaviour.

Unit 9 – Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory

Covers gas laws, kinetic theory assumptions, and the molecular basis of temperature and pressure. Newly added topics include RMS speed of gas molecules and Avogadro’s number, deepening the molecular understanding of gases.

Unit 10 – Oscillations and Waves

Explores periodic motion, simple harmonic motion, wave propagation, and wave properties. Includes discussions on pendulums, wave superposition, and the phenomena of beats and standing waves.

Unit 11 – Electrostatics

Delves into charge properties, Coulomb’s law, electric field and potential concepts, and capacitors. Discusses Gauss’s law and its applications, offering a comprehensive overview of electrostatic principles.

Unit 12 – Current Electricity

Addresses electric currents, Ohm’s law, circuit components, and Kirchhoff’s laws. Explores resistivity, conductivity, and the practical aspects of electrical circuits, including devices like meters and bridges.

Unit 13 – Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

Investigates magnetic fields due to currents, Ampere’s law, and Biot-Savart law applications. Discusses magnetic forces on charges and currents, and the fundamental principles of electromagnetism.

Unit 14 – Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents

Covers Faraday’s law of induction, Lenz’s law, eddy currents, AC circuits, and electromagnetic waves. Includes discussions on generators, transformers, and the technological applications of electromagnetism.

Unit 15 – Electromagnetic Waves

Introduces the spectrum of electromagnetic waves, their properties, and applications. Highlights the role of electromagnetic waves in modern technology and communication.

Unit 16 – Optics

Examines light propagation, reflection, refraction, and optical instruments. Discusses wave optics concepts like interference, diffraction, and polarisation, emphasising their applications in understanding light behaviour.

Unit 17 – Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation

Explores the particle and wave nature of light and matter, including the photoelectric effect and de Broglie hypothesis. Bridges classical and quantum views of matter and energy.

Unit 18 – Atoms and Nuclei

Focuses on atomic and nuclear models, atomic spectra, nuclear reactions, and the fundamental properties of atoms and nuclei, providing insights into the microscopic world.

Unit 19 – Electronic Devices

Covers semiconductor physics, diodes, transistors, and their applications in electronics. Introduces basic electronic circuits and the principles of digital electronics.

Unit 20 – Experimental Skills

Practical physics is emphasised through experiments covering measurements, mechanical properties, thermal phenomena, acoustics, optics, and electrical properties, aiming to build hands-on skills and reinforce theoretical concepts.

Chemistry

The NEET Chemistry syllabus for 2024 is meticulously structured to cover the vast domain of chemistry, including inorganic, physical, and organic branches. With a significant weightage of 180 marks, a thorough grasp of each topic is indispensable for aspirants. The syllabus emphasises key areas such as Atomic Structure, Chemical Bonding, Inorganic Chemistry, Physical Chemistry, and Organic Chemistry, urging candidates to delve into the detailed syllabus for optimal preparation.

Physical Chemistry

Unit 1 – Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry

A foundational unit that introduces the scope of chemistry, laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory, and the mole concept. It lays the groundwork for understanding chemical reactions and stoichiometry.

Unit 2 – Atomic Structure

This unit delves into atomic fundamentals, including atomic number, isotopes, and quantum mechanics, with a focus on orbital shapes, electron configurations, and the newly added quantum mechanical model of the atom.

Unit 3 – Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

Explores the formation and characteristics of ionic and covalent bonds, molecular geometry, VSEPR theory, hybridisation, and molecular orbital theory, providing a comprehensive understanding of how molecules are constructed.

Unit 4 – Chemical Thermodynamics

Introduces thermodynamics principles, covering internal energy, enthalpy, and Gibbs energy, which are crucial for predicting the spontaneity of processes and chemical equilibria.

Unit 5 – Solutions

Focuses on solution types, solubility, and colligative properties, emphasising the importance of Raoult’s law and the calculation of molecular masses through colligative properties.

Unit 6 – Equilibrium

Addresses the dynamic nature of equilibrium in chemical processes, the law of chemical equilibrium, Le Chatelier’s principle, and ionic equilibrium, including pH and buffer solutions.

Unit 7 – Redox Reactions and Electrochemistry

Covers the fundamentals of redox reactions, electrochemical cells, standard electrode potential, and the basics of electrolysis, highlighting the application of redox principles in electrochemistry.

Unit 8 – Chemical Kinetics

Examines the rate of chemical reactions, factors influencing reaction rates, and the basic concepts of collision theory and activation energy, critical for understanding reaction mechanisms.

INORGANIC CHEMISTRY

Unit 9 – Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties

Reviews the modern periodic law and examines periodic trends, which are essential for predicting element behaviour and chemical reactivity.

Unit 10 – The p-Block Elements

Provides a general overview of groups 13 to 18, discussing their electronic configurations, oxidation states, and reactivity trends, with a special focus on the unique behaviour of the first elements of each group.

Unit 11 – d and f Block Elements

Explores transition metals and lanthanides/actinoids, emphasising electronic configuration, oxidation states, and the preparation and properties of significant compounds like K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4.

Unit 12 – Coordination Compounds

Introduces coordination chemistry, ligand interactions, nomenclature, and the application of theories like VBT and CFT in explaining bonding and properties of coordination complexes.

ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

Unit 13 – Purification and Characterisation of Organic Compounds

Outlines methods for purifying organic compounds and their qualitative and quantitative analysis techniques, including detection of specific elements and functional groups.

Unit 14 – Some Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry

Focuses on organic molecules’ classification, nomenclature, and reactions, with an emphasis on electronic effects in bonds and the mechanisms of organic reactions.

Unit 15 – Hydrocarbons

Details the chemistry of alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes, including their nomenclature, isomerism, and reactions, and extends to aromatic hydrocarbons, discussing benzene and its derivatives.

Unit 16 – Organic Compounds Containing Halogens

Examines haloalkanes and haloarenes, their properties, reactions, and environmental impacts, highlighting the significance of C-X bond nature.

Unit 17 – Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen

Covers alcohols, phenols, and ethers, focusing on their preparation, properties, and uses, alongside aldehydes, ketones, and carboxylic acids, emphasising their functional group chemistry.

Unit 18 – Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen

Discusses amines and diazonium salts, including their structure, classification, and role in synthetic chemistry.

Unit 19 – Biomolecules

Introduces carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins, and nucleic acids, detailing their structure, function, and importance in biological systems. Newly emphasises the biological functions of nucleic acids.

Unit 20 – Principles Related to Practical Chemistry

Highlights practical aspects, including element detection, functional group analysis, and preparation of specific inorganic and organic compounds. Also covers titrimetric exercises and principles of qualitative salt analysis.

Biology

The NEET Biology syllabus for 2024 is meticulously structured to cover both the breadth and depth of biological sciences. Contributing significantly with 360 marks to the overall score, thorough mastery of the topics is vital for students striving for top scores. The curriculum covers diverse areas such as Genetics, Ecology, Human Physiology, Plant Biology, and more, ensuring a comprehensive overview. 

Unit 1 – Diversity in Living World

Explores life’s diversity, and the need for classification, and introduces the three domains of life. Discusses taxonomy, binomial nomenclature, and the five-kingdom classification, covering Monera, Protista, Fungi, Lichens, Viruses, and Viroids briefly.

Unit 2 – Structural Organization in Animals and Plants

Covers plant morphology, tissue types, and anatomical features of flowering plants. Animal structure is examined through tissue types and the anatomy of systems in insects, particularly the cockroach.

Unit 3 – Cell Structure and Function

Focuses on the cell as the basic life unit, comparing prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, and detailing cell organelles and their functions. Biomolecules and their roles in cell function, along with cell division processes (mitosis, meiosis), are highlighted.

Unit 4 – Plant Physiology

Addresses plant transport mechanisms, mineral nutrition, and the basics of photosynthesis, including its phases and influencing factors. Plant respiration, growth, and development processes are also discussed, touching on growth regulators and plant growth conditions.

Unit 5 – Human Physiology

Examines human digestive, respiratory, circulatory, excretory, and reproductive systems, detailing their structure, function, and associated disorders. It also explores locomotion, neural control, coordination, and chemical regulation within the human body, emphasising hormonal function and disorders.

Unit 6 – Reproduction

Covers reproduction modes in organisms, detailing sexual reproduction in plants, including pollination, fertilisation, and seed development, and human reproductive systems, emphasising reproductive health and technologies.

Unit 7 – Genetics and Evolution

Discusses Mendelian inheritance, the molecular basis of inheritance, and evolution theories. It includes genetic disorders, DNA structure and replication, gene expression, and human evolution.

Unit 8 – Biology and Human Welfare

Focuses on health, diseases, immunology, and the role of microbes in human welfare. It also covers improvements in food production through biotechnology, apiculture, and animal husbandry.

Unit 9 – Biotechnology and its Applications

Introduces biotechnology principles, recombinant DNA technology, and its applications in health and agriculture, highlighting genetically modified organisms, biosafety, biopiracy, and patents.

Unit 10 – Ecology and Environment

Explores ecological concepts, ecosystem dynamics, biodiversity, conservation, and environmental issues. Topics include pollution control, agrochemical effects, global warming, ozone depletion, and deforestation, supplemented by case studies on environmental success stories.

NEET Exam Pattern 2024

The NEET exam is designed as a 3-hour and 20-minute test, where you’ll tackle 200 multiple-choice questions covering Physics, Chemistry, and Biology, which includes both Zoology and Botany. You’ll need to answer 180 of these questions. The format breaks down into two sections for each subject, with Section A having 35 questions and Section B offering 15, out of which you choose 10 to answer. When it comes to scoring, you gain 4 marks for every correct answer, but be cautious—1 mark gets subtracted for any wrong ones. Don’t worry about unanswered questions, as they don’t affect your score. With a bit of strategic thinking and selectiveness in answering questions, you can aim for the highest score out of the NEET exam total marks of 720.

FAQs

Question: Is NEET tough?

Answer: NEET’s difficulty varies but is generally considered challenging due to its comprehensive syllabus and competitive nature.

Question: Which syllabus is best for NEET?

Answer: The NCERT syllabus is best for NEET exam syllabus preparation.

Question: How many questions are there in NEET biology?

Answer: There are 90 questions in NEET Biology.

Question: Which is the toughest subject in NEET?

Answer: The toughest subject in the NEET exam syllabus varies by individual but is often considered to be Physics due to its conceptual and numerical aspects.

Question: Which type of questions are asked in NEET?

Answer: NEET features multiple-choice questions (MCQs) across Physics, Chemistry, and Biology.

Question: Which is the easiest subject in the NEET  exam?

Answer: The easiest subject in NEET can vary per candidate, though many find Biology to be relatively straightforward due to direct questions from the NCERT syllabus.

Question: Do questions get repeated in NEET?

Answer: Questions in NEET may not be exactly repeated, but similar concepts and question patterns are common.

Question: Which is the highest-scoring subject in NEET?

Answer: Biology is often the highest-scoring subject in NEET, given its weightage of 360 marks out of the total 720.

Preparing for NEET 2024 requires a strategic, thorough, and disciplined approach. To navigate the complexities of this exam and achieve your medical career aspirations, consider leveraging the Extramarks Learning App. As your ideal preparation partner, it offers a comprehensive and customised learning experience, covering the full NEET exam syllabus with unlimited practice questions and practice papers from previous years. Embrace a rigorous approach to your NEET preparation with Extramarks and turn your dream of a career in medicine into reality.

Last Updated on March 4, 2024

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