Learn The Importance of Defining a Pedagogy in Teaching and Learning

June 12, 2023 | By: Extramarks

Tech and Learning

A pedagogy is often regarded as a key building block that helps students achieve academic growth and success. However, despite evolving trends in the field of education, we rarely ever talk about pedagogy.  Pedagogy can be described as the act of shaping a learning space to enhance a student’s experience. But how does it work? To use an analogy, if we think of the academic curriculum as clay, then pedagogy is the way this clay is molded to create something meaningful. 

Let’s explore further by taking a detailed look at the role of pedagogy in teaching and how it impacts a student’s learning experience. 

What is Pedagogy?

Pedagogy can be described as the manner in which teachers and students work with the academic syllabus. It refers to a combination of teaching methods, learning activities and assessments that delivers the course curriculum most effectively. The term pedagogy is often used interchangeably with curriculum. To distinguish, curriculum indicates the academic content to be taught whereas pedagogy is the way this content is taught, in theory and practice. 

What is Teacher Pedagogy? 

A teacher pedagogy entails the various activities and practices that teachers use in order to identify their student’s learning styles and curate lectures accordingly. It is centered towards the teacher and describes how they approach the learning process. Most educators use a blend of various pedagogies to deliver lesson plans effectively. For example, one of the most powerful pedagogy in teaching is when the teacher opts to become a coach, model or mentor to help students achieve their academic goals. 

Importance of Pedagogy in Teaching 

The choice of teaching pedagogy is crucial in terms of improving learning outcomes for students. It aids in creating a supportive classroom environment that facilitates effective learning, encourages student involvement and develops critical thinking skills, among many other things. Let’s understand the importance of pedagogy in teaching and why it plays a game-changing role in education. 

1. Enhances quality of teaching 

A well-planned pedagogy gives teachers valuable insights into the best practices that are ideal for a classroom setting. It allows them to assess behavioral patterns and learning styles, based on which they can tailor lessons and create pedagogies that are most effective for their students 

2. Eliminates monotonous learning 

The right pedagogy will empower students to look beyond traditional learning methods like cramming study material and invoke critical and analytical thinking abilities instead. This also helps teachers in maintaining high student engagement and retention levels 

3. Builds a cooperative learning environment 

Every teacher’s goal is to create an evolved learning space where open communication and interaction is encouraged. A well-defined pedagogy helps teachers develop a collaborative space for students where they can interact and work together through peer learning 

4. Caters to different learner styles 

Teachers can conduct behavioral assessments to identify different students’ learning needs. A pedagogy that is based on this will address the academic needs of every student and help them learn both simple and complex topics with ease, according to their learning style  

5. Improves student-teacher interaction 

The foundation of an impactful pedagogy lies in first understanding a student and then addressing their needs. This gives teachers the opportunity to take student interaction up a notch through effective communication. It enhances the scope for collaboration and builds a strong empathetic student-teacher relationship 

Popular Teaching Pedagogy Examples and Approaches For Teachers 

One of the biggest advantages of implementing a solid pedagogy in teaching is its ability to create an immersive learning environment. But teachers can work with a range of different pedagogies in the real world to suit student’s needs. They could create a learner-centered pedagogy where students are influenced by real-life experiences to learn about a topic. Besides, they can also conduct problem-solving activities relevant to the course material to help students grasp better. 

Pedagogical approaches can stimulate student development and propel them towards academic growth. This is why it is essential for teachers to be aware of effective pedagogical approaches that can help curate the best learning experience for students. We take a look at five most popular approaches to pedagogy in teaching. 

1. Constructivist 

This approach supports the idea that students should be more involved in the academic process and must be active rather than passive learners. Teachers create a pedagogy where students learn through hands-on experiences, project-based assignments and research in real time. This nurtures their critical thinking and leadership skills 

2. Collaborative 

It is a fast-paced learning approach where students are divided into groups and encouraged to work on projects, ideate, build strategies and solve problems using a joint intellectual effort. This approach helps build team spirit, boosts active communication and builds strong creative thinking skills 

3. Integrative 

A practical approach that revolves around finding real-world applications of learning material. This inturn helps students build connections and understand better. Its main objective is to teach students how to demonstrate their learning in practical scenarios

4. Reflective 

This self-evaluation approach is used when teachers want students to actively observe their peers and other educators in the classroom to analyze what they do and how they’re doing it. A reflective pedagogy is a great way for students to develop self-awareness and strengthen their analytical skills 

5. Inquiry-based 

In this approach, teachers not only answer questions by students but also create a productive space for them to challenge, explore and improve their understanding of topics. It aims to shift the student’s perception from wondering about a topic to understanding it and raising any further questions without hesitation 

Innovative Ideas to Practice Pedagogy in Education 

One of the most common challenges that teachers face in a classroom setting is to capture each student’s attention and ensure that they have retained concepts well. An effective way to combat this hurdle is to diversify the pedagogy and implement a creative spin on the teaching-learning process. Here are five innovative ways to define pedagogy in education: 

1. Use audio and video teaching tools 

2. Integrate active and interactive learning 

3. Promote options for assignments 

4. Implement collaboration and teamwork 

5. Conduct storytelling and brainstorming activities 

The Future of Pedagogy in Education 

The education industry has overseen immense transformation over the years. These constant changes have led to the rise of new ideas, innovations, strategies and even modern pedagogies in the classroom to enhance the overall academic experience. According to the Innovative Pedagogy Report, hybrid models and dual-learning scenarios have emerged as the top approaches to teaching and learning in the future. There is likely to be a higher emphasis on project-based learning, neuroscience-based pedagogies, cross-curricular teaching and renewed assessment models. 

Importance of Pedagogy in Learning 

Pedagogies in the classroom should be designed to create a collaborative and supportive learning environment that contributes to growth and success. Besides improving academic outcomes, here are some reasons why defining an effective pedagogy is crucial for learning: 

1. Enhances efficiency 

A well-curated pedagogy caters to academic growth by addressing every student’s learning needs. This helps students understand topics better and improves academic performance 

2. Strengthens cognitive skills 

A pedagogy generally focuses on driving detailed analysis, comprehension and evaluation of the curriculum. This enables students to develop strong problem-solving and cognitive skills 

3. Enables student-centered learning 

Every classroom has students with varied learning needs and styles. Defining a pedagogy brings the focus on addressing these needs and designing the course structure accordingly. Students can take responsibility for their learning and study at their own pace  

4. Fuels teamwork 

Conducting group projects and other collaborative learning activities allows students to engage with like-minded peers, learn from them, improve their communication skills and work better in teams

5. Drives clarity on learning objectives 

 Lesson plans in a pedagogy are quite precise and accurately designed according to the student’s academic goals. This gives both students and teachers more clarity on the short and long-term objectives and the steps that need to be taken in order to target these goals 

How do Teachers & Students Benefit From Using Extramarks Smart Class Plus to Establish a Clear Pedagogical Approach in the Teaching-Learning Process 

To cater to each student’s distinct learning needs better, a layered pedagogy of Diagnose, Learn, Practice, Test and Evaluate (DLPTE) is followed on the Extramarks Smart Class Plus platform. 

This inclusive pedagogy aids in drawing key insights like identifying student gaps and delivering active & interactive learning material. Moreover, personalized assessment and performance reports help teachers gauge the effectiveness of their teaching practices and make any necessary changes accordingly. 

The goal of defining a pedagogy in teaching should be to help students understand key concepts, rather than merely memorizing course content. It is important for educators to curate pedagogies with a student-centered approach that fosters deep learning, encourages critical thinking and empowers students to be well-prepared for the future. 


1. What are the types of pedagogy? 

There are four main types of pedagogy in education, which are social, critical, culturally responsive and socratic pedagogy. 

2. What is the role of pedagogy in effective learning?

A well-designed pedagogy helps students understand and retain concepts according to their learning style. It also clarifies learning objectives and leads to a fulfilling academic experience for both teachers and students.   

Last Updated on September 1, 2023

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