Conquerors try to control the temple of Jagannatha at Puri due to the following reasons:
(i) This temple gained in importance as a centre of pilgrimage.
(ii) Its authority in social and political matters also increased.
(iii) The conquerors who conquered Orissa felt that if they occupy this temple, then, it would be easy to make their rule acceptable to the local people.
(i) We know much more about the cultural practices of rulers because their achievements were recorded, and their artistic works were safely preserved in the palaces for the centuries.
(ii) For example, stories about heroic kings were recorded in poems and songs and were recited by specially trained minstrels; these preserved the memories of heroes.
(iii) But the ordinary people were busy in earning their livelihood and did not have enough resource to preserve their cultural products and artistic creations.
(i) Stories about heroes were recorded in poems and songs, which were recited by specially trained minstrels.
(ii) These preserved the memories of heroes were expected to inspire others to follow their example.
(iv) Ordinary people were also attracted by these stories of dramatic situations, and a range of strong emotions – loyalty, friendship, love, valour, anger, etc.
(i)Manipravalam literally means “diamonds and corals” referring to the two languages, Sanskrit and Malayalam.
(ii)Lilatilakam, a fourteenth-century text on grammar and poetics, was written in the language.
(i) Temples were built in Bengal by powerful individuals or groups to both demonstrate their power and proclaim their piety.
(ii) Many of the modest brick and terracotta temples were built with the support of several “low” social groups, such as the Kolu (oil pressers) and the Kansari (bell metal workers).
(iii) The coming of the European trading companies created new economic prosperity; many of such “low” social groups prospered and improved their social and economic position.
(iv) They proclaimed their status through the construction of temples.
(v) When local deities, once worshipped in thatched huts in villages, gained the recognition of the Brahmanas, their images began to be housed in temples.
(i) The temples of Bengal began to copy the double-roofed (dochala) or four-roofed (chauchala) structure of the thatched huts.
(ii) This led to the evolution of the typical Bengali style in temple architecture.
(iii) In the comparatively more complex four-roofed structure, four triangular roofs placed on the four walls move up to converge on a curved line or a point.
(iv) Temples were usually built on a square platform.
(v) The interior was relatively plain, but the outer walls of the temples were decorated with paintings, ornamental tiles or terracotta tablets.
(i) Under the Mughal emperors and their nobles, Kathak was performed in the court, where it acquired its present features and developed into a form of dance with a distinctive style.
(ii) Subsequently, it developed in two traditions or gharanas: one in the courts of Rajasthan (Jaipur) and the other in Lucknow.
(iii) In Lucknow, under the patronage of Wajid Ali Shah, the last Nawab of Awadh, it grew into a major art form.
(iv) By the third quarter of the nineteenth century, it was firmly entrenched as a dance form not only in these two regions, but in the areas of present-day Punjab, Haryana, Jammu and Kashmir, Bihar and Madhya Pradesh.
Yes, the NCERT book has been designed keeping in mind the pattern of paper that will be presented in the exam to students. The NCERT book is sufficient to study for the exam as it has everything related to the exam and contains all information out of which the questions will be asked in the exam. But if you want to prepare a little bit extra, we suggest that you go through the NCERT class 7 solutions.
When you are studying the NCERT book for math and other subjects for your class 7 exams, refer to the NCERT class 7 solutions simultaneously so you can see where you are going wrong and what are you getting right in your exercises’ attempt.
The class 7th is very crucial as it is among the major middle school classes during which the child’s base is formed in math and science and even in other subjects like English. Thus, it is students must study smartly in this class and ace their exams while getting all the help they need from the NCERT 7 solutions given by Extramarks.
Yes, absolutely. The NCERT solutions provided by Extramarks for class 7 are eloquent and elaborate at best and are thus useful for students studying for the final exams of class 7. The students will have many questions and doubts regarding the NCERT solutions for class 7 and this is why the solutions have been elaborated well to help students understand the answers to exercises.
Yes, the NCERT solutions for Math and other subjects for class 7 are available for free from Extramarks.