ICSE Syllabus for Class 8

ICSE Class 8 Syllabus – All Subjects 2023-2024 Examinations

Extramarks provides a detailed and comprehensive ICSE class 8 syllabus for subjects such as Social Science, English, Biology, Chemistry, Physics and Mathematics. Students can access the detailed ICSE syllabus for class 8 by visiting the website.

ICSE or Indian Certificate of Secondary Examination is an examination body conducted by a private board of the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations. The ICSE education board is a body that is renowned globally. Additionally, the ICSE board also designs the syllabus and examination papers. The detailed syllabus for class 8 will enable students to initiate their preparation for the upcoming tests/examinations. 

The study materials such as mock tests, ICSE sample papers, latest questions, etc., are designed by the experts for the applicants. Additionally, candidates can also access the ICSE revision notes from the website. There is a vast variety of subjects included in the syllabus of class 8. All the course content can be difficult to understand so with the detailed structure of the syllabus students can earn good marks and get an idea about the concepts. 

ICSE Class 8 Syllabus – All Subjects Examinations

The Indian Certificate of Secondary Education ICSE is one of the most respected boards in India. Many students are enrolled in the board to give examinations. The curriculum of ICSE is designed by the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examination or CISCE. The course content included in the syllabus and for the examinations is designed according to the requirements of the students and their learning abilities.

ICSE Syllabus Class 8
ICSE Syllabus Class 8 Maths ICSE Syllabus Class 8 History
ICSE Syllabus Class 8 Chemistry ICSE Syllabus Class 8 Civics
ICSE Syllabus Class 8 Physics ICSE Syllabus Class 8 Geography
ICSE Syllabus Class 8 Biology ICSE Syllabus Class 8 Computer Applications
ICSE Syllabus Class 8 English

ICSE Syllabus for Class 8 

Students can access the subject-wise syllabus for Class 8 below: 


The following is the detailed ICSE Class 8 Mathematics Syllabus:

  • Venn Diagrams 
  • Basic concepts 
  • Pythagoras theorem [direct sums only]
  • HCF and LCM 
  • Simplification of Algebraic expressions 
  • Simple interest 
  • Profit, loss, and discount 
  • Solids – Volume and Surface area
  • Perimeter and area of the plane figure 
  • Constructions of quadrilaterals and triangles
  • Quadrilaterals [properties with lines of symmetry]
  • Statistics – pie chart, histogram 
  • Simultaneous equations 
  • Linear equations in one variable 
  • Ratio and proportion 


The following is the detailed ICSE Class 8 Physics Syllabus:

Theme 1: Matter

  • Kinetic Theory of Matter
  • Energy content in the three states of matter
  • Three states of matter in terms of the movement of particles
  • Change of state in matter using the Kinetic theory:
  • Freezing
  • Condensation
  • Melting
  • Sublimation
  • Deposition
  • Vapourisation
  • Fusion
  • Evaporation
  • Boiling
  • Change of state diagrams (using the terms mentioned above).

Theme 2: Physical Quantities and Measurement 

  • Density
  1. Finding the density of regular solids
  2. Units of density in various systems of units and the relation between them
  • Relative density
  1. Relation with density
  2. Definition
  • Measurement of density of fluids:
  1. Basic concept
  2. Comparison of densities in the three states of matter
  3. Concept of flotation and sinking of a substance (relate to density)

Theme 3: Force and Pressure 

Turning effect of force (moment of force): concept, definition, and calculation


  • Definition
  • Factor affecting pressure
  • Unit
  • The pressure exerted by gases – atmospheric pressure (qualitative only)
  • The pressure exerted by liquids (qualitative only)

Theme 4: Energy

  • Difference between energy and power 
  • Energy transformation in common daily life situations 
  • Gravitational potential energy 
  • Basic concept 
  • Potential energy
  • Basic concept 
  • Kinetic energy 
  • Calculation of work done in simple cases 
  • Unit of work [Joule]
  • Concept of work 

Theme 5: Light Energy 


  • Definition 
  • Examples of refraction 
  • Dispersion of white light into constituent colors 
  • Terms related to curved mirrors – focus, principal axis, the center of curvature, radius of curvature 
  • Uses of curved mirrors 
  • Reflecting surface [convex and concave]
  • Concave 
  • Convex
  • Curved mirrors 

Theme 6: Heat Transfer 

  • Difference between boiling and evaporation 
  • Thermal expansion 
  • Examples and real-world applications 
  • Compare expansivity in solids, liquids, and gases 
  • Superficial expansion 
  • Volume expansion 
  • Linear expansion 

Theme 7: Sound 

  • Unit of loudness [decibels]
  • Pitch and frequency 
  • Terms – amplitude, time period, and frequency 
  • Loudness and amplitude 
  • Sound as a longitudinal wave 

Theme 8: Electricity 

  • A battery is a collection of cells connected in series
  • Lightning conductor
  • Electroscope (Gold Leaf Electroscope)
  • Induction
  • Conduction
  • Conservation of charges
  • Static electricity
  • Safety components (fuses/circuit breakers (qualitative approach only)/grounding)
  • Identify live wire, a neutral wire, and earth wire in terms of their energy and the path they travel


  • Metals and alloys 
  • Hydrocarbons – an elementary study 
  • Oxygen 
  • Basic chemistry: terminology and reactions 
  • Atoms and molecules 
  • Electrolysis 
  • Water 
  • Acids, bases and salts 
  • Air and burning 
  • Elements, compounds and mixtures 
  • Matter 


Unit 1: Transport of Food and Minerals in Plants 

  • Importance of the minerals, including macro and micronutrients, and the deficiency diseases caused because of them.
  •  A detailed explanation of xylem and phloem, their structure, and functions.
  • Osmosis and its definition, cover the following:
  • Definition of transpiration, its importance, and the factors affecting the process of transpiration. 
  • Examples of osmosis, semi-permeable membrane, active transport, and root pressure.
  • Definition of diffusion.

Unit 2: Reproduction in Plants and Animals 


  • Types of asexual reproduction that take place in plants. These include:
  • Budding, fragmentation, binary fission, artificial propagation with tissue culture, spore formation, etc. 
  • Sexual reproduction in plants covers the following:
  • Artificial pollination
  • The fertilization process takes place in plants
  • Agents of pollination
  • Self and cross-pollination
  • Parts of a typical flower


  • Female and male reproductive system: An overview
  • Sexual reproduction in humans

Unit 3: Ecosystems 

  • Definition of the ecosystem, the biotic and abiotic factors
  • Abiotic components include air, water, and soil, and other climatic factors which include temperature, humidity, sunlight, and wind
  • Forest ecosystems of flora and fauna are covered
  • Interdependency between the organisms includes concepts of symbiosis, parasitism, predation
  • Definition of the food chain, food web, and pyramid of numbers
  • Biotic components include producers, decomposers, and consumers

Unit 4: Human Body: Nervous system, Circulatory and Endocrine system 

  • Human Body Endocrine 
  • Types of glands
  • Hormonal glands and their functions
  • Endocrine system
  • Definition of hormones

Adolescence and Accompanying Changes:

  • Personal hygiene and its importance
  • Changes that occur in the body during adolescence (physical and emotional)
  • Stress management

Circulatory system 

  • Introduction of the lymphatic system
  • Several heart-related conditions
  • Types of blood groups
  • Double circulation explains the circulation of blood
  • Blood vessels
  • Heart diagram
  • Heart structure and its details

Nervous system 

  • Reflex actions
  • Detailed knowledge of the central nervous system (CNS)
  • Motor neuron structure
  • Types of nerves

Unit 5: Health and Hygiene


  • A brief overview of the communicable diseases
  • Harmful effects due to drugs, alcohol, tobacco, etc.
  • Vaccination and immunization
  • Prevention methods for diseases
  • Vector meaning

First Aid:

  • Meaning of first aid and the various situations accompanying it.

Unit 6: Food Production 

  • Animal husbandry
  • Green revolution and organic farming- an overview
  • Horticulture
  • Agriculture covering topics of crops grown in India
  • Fungi (importance of yeast and its uses)
  • Bacteria, its definition, and how it is used in the food industry



  • Girls Mrinal Pande 
  • The Umbrella Man: Roald Dahl 
  • The Inchcape Rock: Robert Southey 
  • A boy’s best friend: Issac Asimov 
  • The Chowgarh Tigers: Jim Corbett 
  • Karma: Khushwant Singh 
  • Night of the Scorpion: Nissim Ezekiel 
  • The Open Window – HH Munro 
  • Wordsworth 
  • The Solitary Reaper – William 
  • Rabindranath Tagore 
  • Where the mind is without fear
  • The Ant-Lion 

Writing Skills:

  • Imaginative essays 
  • Formal letter writing 
  • Argumentative letter 
  • Comprehension passage 
  • Narrative essays 
  • Formal letter writing 
  • Description essays 
  • Comprehension passages 
  • Informal letter writing 
  • Comprehension passage 


  • Degrees of Comparison 
  • Figures of Speech 
  • Articles
  • Conjunction
  • Homophones/Homonyms
  • Voice
  • Conjunctions
  • Tenses
  • Adjective Clause
  • Tenses 


  • Nationalism in Europe 
  • The French Revolution and Napoleon 
  • The American Revolution 
  • Social and Religious Reform Movements 
  • Impact of the British rule in India 
  • Establishment of the British Empire 
  • The Europeans in India and the Anglo-French Struggle 
  • Rise of Regional Powers and the Marathas 
  • The decline of the Mughal Empire 


  • The US Civil War and Abraham Lincoln 
  • India and her neighbors 
  • UN Agencies and the role of UNO 
  • International Cooperation: The UNO and how it works 
  • The world as a Global Community 


  • India: Climate 
  • Wheat cultivation in Punjab 
  • Plantations in Kerala 
  • India: Fauna 
  • India: Relief features and drainage 
  • Asia: People 
  • Asia: The land and its resources 
  • Bangalore: The silicon valley of India 
  • Europe: People and their economic activities 
  • Europe: The land and its resources 
  • Practical study of climate 
  • Weather and climate 

Computer application syllabus: 

  • If: Else Construct 
  • Methods in Java 
  • Class as a basis of all Computation in Java 
  • Blue J – its advantage 
  • Types of Java Programs 
  • Characteristics of Java 
  • JVM 
  • Byte Code 
  • Class 
  • Polymorphism 
  • Inheritance, encapsulation 
  • Three salient features of OOPS 
  • Object 
  • Object-oriented programming system 
  • Searching and sorting in arrays 
  • Arrays 
  • Spreadsheet software [microsoft excel]

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What are the benefits of knowing the structure of the syllabus?

  • Candidates can create a timetable as it will help them to invest proper time in each subject. 
  • Applicants learn the skills of self-study and  can gain information about the most important topics in the syllabus. 
  • Students can plan to study the topics as per their level of complexity. They can devote their time accordingly to preparing for the particular chapters. 

2. How many subjects are there in the ICSE syllabus of class 8?

  • Computer Studies 
  • Environmental Science 
  • Science [Physics, Chemistry and Biology]
  • History, Civics and Geography 
  • English Second language – Hindi/French
  • Mathematics