NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry
Class 12 holds much importance in every student’s life, after which they get to enter the real world in their chosen career. What you study in class 11 and class 12 forms the base of your further studies in the course of your choice. Hence, having a strong grip on all the subjects becomes extremely important. If you’re planning to pursue engineering or enter the field of science with any course, Chemistry is a critical subject.
While several useful resources are available online that can help you study effectively, nothing can match the value of NCERT solutions for any student. At Extramarks, you can get easy access to study materials for any class, from NCERT solutions class 1 to NCERT class 12. Moreover, it also makes sense to refer to NCERT solutions class 11 as well, as you start preparing for class 12. Available in a simple downloadable format, these solutions will not only help you study better, but smarter!
Once you are thorough with the syllabus, you can access the NCERT solutions for Chemistry class 12 to revise and strengthen your understanding of the various concepts. Moreover, the easy-to-read language will allow you to understand the concepts clearly and help build your confidence. The solutions are based on the latest CBSE syllabus, so you can start your preparations without any worries!
Download Chapter-Wise NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry
The NCERT textbook for CBSE Class 12 Chemistry is divided into two parts with a total of 16 chapters. These chapters cover concepts of organic, inorganic, and physical Chemistry. Every chapter helps you gain in-depth knowledge of Chemistry basics, chemical compounds, biomolecules, etc., and their application in daily life. In addition, it also includes several topics that test your practical and numerical skills.
In our NCERT solutions for class 12 Chemistry, you can find systematic answers to every question from the NCERT textbook which will even help you with your last-minute revisions. Moreover, our solutions can also come in handy while solving any numerical questions, thus offering you maximum convenience.
You can easily access the chapter-wise NCERT solutions for class 12 Chemistry by clicking the links given below.
NCERT Solutions Class 12 Chemistry
For students in Class 12, Chemistry can be a tricky subject to study. Yet it is a critical subject as it consists of various theoretical, practical, and numerical concepts relating to chemical reactions and other problems. Many students find this subject difficult, yet it can be one of the top-scoring subjects if you approach it smartly.
Considering the vast syllabus of Chemistry, it is natural to be overwhelmed under examination pressure. However, to ease your worries, Extramarks brings you NCERT solutions for Chemistry class 12, designed by experts to support your exam preparations. With the right study resources at your disposal, you can ace the class 12 examinations with high scores.
To begin with, you must go through the various concepts on a regular basis to refresh your memory. Secondly, you can access the numerical questions mentioned in the NCERT solutions for class 12 Chemistry solution and note down the important formulas and understand the steps involved in solving a particular question. The NCERT solutions for class 12 Chemistry solutions consist of a detailed explanation of each question. This will help you revise better and accurately recall the solutions while attempting complex questions in the examination.
NCERT Solutions Class 12 Chemistry Chapter Details and Exercises
NCERT solutions for class 12 Chemistry can help build the conceptual foundation you need to ace the examinations. If you want to achieve higher scores, then the chapter-wise solutions and NCERT exercises will be of great assistance to you. It covers all the important topics, illustrations, formulas, and NCERT exercises for each chapter to help with your exam preparations.
You can download the chapter-wise solutions for all the NCERT exercises by clicking on the links given.
Chapter 1: The Solid State – Term I
This chapter deals with the solid state of matter along with the characteristics of the crystal lattice, imperfections in solids and unit cells, and the classification of solids. You will come across various theoretical questions relating to the classification of solids into various categories – metallic, covalent, ionic, and amorphous solids. In addition, the numerical questions deal with the atomic mass of silver as well as the efficiency of packaging in a face-centred cubic metal crystal, simple cubic, and more.
<Link for exercises 1.1-1.26>
Chapter 2: Solutions – Term I
The second chapter of the NCERT textbook consists of 12 questions dealing with the formation and properties of solutions. Here, you will learn about types of solutions, the concentration of solutions, solubility of gases and solids in a liquid, the vapour pressure of liquid solutions, mole fraction, and more. You will also have numerical questions relating to the evaluation of the mass of Benzene, the molarity of solutions, and carbon tetrachloride. This chapter is not only critical from the exam point of view but is also an important part of the upcoming competitive exams.
<Link for exercises 2.1-2.41>
Chapter 3: ElectroChemistry – Term II
Electrochemistry is the branch of Chemistry that deals with the relationship between chemical and electrical energy generated in a redox reaction and its conversion. The solutions NCERT Chemistry class 12 consists of 15 questions that evaluates the conceptual understanding of the students. It includes topics like Molar conductivity, Kohlrausch’s law, and their numerical questions. Moreover, there are 18 additional exercises where you have to deal with numerical and theoretical problems.
<Link for exercises 3.1-3.18>
Chapter 4: Chemical Kinetics – Term II
Chemical Kinetics provides an understanding of the rate of chemical reactions, the collision theory of chemical reaction, dependence on the rate of reaction, and the Arrhenius equation. Typically, there are three types of chemical reactions – instantaneous reactions, slow reactions, and moderately slow reactions. With the NCERT solution for class 12 Chemistry, you can get enough clarity on these concepts and practice them properly to score higher in the exams.
<Link for exercises 4.1-4.30>
Chapter 5: Surface Chemistry – Term II
The fifth chapter of the NCERT Chemistry textbook, Surface Chemistry deals with several features like absorption, catalysis, and colloids which include gel and emulsion. After completing the chapter, you will learn about absorption and its classification, Tyndall effects, reversible solutions, interfacial phenomenon and its significance, factors controlling absorption, and more.
<Link for exercises 5.1-5.27>
Chapter 6: General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
In this chapter, you will be able to learn about the process of extracting and the occurrence of certain metals, along with some basics of the field. This chapter covers a wide range of topics, from metallurgy, ores, causes of reaction, refining crude metals, extracting copper from copper pyrites, and more. Solving the various exercises in this chapter along with the previous years’ question papers will help boost your preparation for the class 12 examinations.
<Link for exercises 6.1-6.27>
Chapter 7: The p-Block Elements – Term I
This chapter covers the history of p-block elements which dates back to the 19th century. Along with this, it talks about the Group 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, and 18 elements, which are the p-block elements. Here, you will learn about the various properties of these elements and answer theoretical questions related to them. To get a clear idea of these complex concepts, you can refer to the NCERT solutions for class 12 Chemistry available at Extramarks. The detailed explanation will help you score better marks in final exams.
<Link for exercises 7.1-7.40>
Chapter 8: The d & f-Block Elements – Term II
With a better grip on the concepts of p-block elements, you can also easily study this chapter. The d-block or transition elements are the ones that lie between the s and p-block elements. The f-block elements are the inner transition series. In this chapter, you will be introduced to various concepts such as the variation in ionic and atomic size of transition metals, their physical properties, general properties of transition elements, magnetic properties, and more. Here, you will come across various theoretical questions based on these topics.
<Link for exercises 8.1-8.38>
Chapter 9: Coordination Compounds – Term II
Coordination compounds, a part of modern inorganic chemistry,can be a difficult subject for many students. This is because it is an important chapter for both the Class 12 exams and competitive exams, so you must put more focus while studying for this chapter. Here, you will learn various concepts of Werner’s Theory of Coordination Compounds, nomenclature, stability, bonding, importance, and application of coordination compounds.
<Link for exercises 9.1-9.32>
Chapter 10: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes – Term I
It is one of the most important chapters of class 12 Chemistry. Here you will learn about the physical and chemical properties of haloalkanes along with their preparation. The halogen derivatives of the hydrocarbons are called haloalkanes, while the aromatic compounds where halogens are directly attached to the carbon atom are the Haloarenes. Some of the important topics covered in this chapter include the nomenclature of Haloalkanes and Haloarenes, nature of the C – X bond, physical and chemical properties, and substitution reactions.
To form a better understanding of these complex topics, you can refer to the NCERT solutions for class 2 Chemistry solutions where you can get a detailed explanation of all the solutions created by experts in a simple language.
<Link for exercise 10.1-10.22>
Chapter 11: Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers – Term I
The questions in this chapter cover a wide range of topics, including reactions, properties, nomenclature, hydroboration oxidation, IUPAC names of 12 different compounds, etc. You will study the reactions involved in the process of making alcohols from phenol, alcohols, and ethers. This chapter primarily contains numerous theoretical questions, so it is important to polish your concepts with regular revisions and previous years’ question papers.
<Link for exercises 11.1-11.33>
Chapter 12: Aldehydes, Ketones, and Carboxylic Acids – Term II
From the exam point of view, this chapter is of the utmost importance. The twelfth chapter includes several in-text questions, exercises, as well as two questionnaires. Additionally, it also has more weightage in the term II exams. In this chapter, you will come across questions relating to topics including, chemical tests to differentiate terms of a compound, physical and chemical properties of Aldehydes, Ketones, and Carboxylic Acid, structural formula, uses, names of four prospective condensations, etc. You can download the NCERT solutions for class 12 Chemistry for this chapter and make revision notes to add another layer to your preparation.
<Link for exercises 12.1-12.20>
Chapter 13: Amines – Term II
In chapter 13, you will study the structure, nomenclature, preparation, physical & chemical properties, and uses of amines. Amines are the derivatives of ammonia which are obtained by the replacement of hydrogen. To offer you greater conceptual knowledge of amines, several examples relating to the determination of basicity of amines, reactions, and synthesis of amines are explained in this chapter. Answering the back exercises will boost your confidence in appearing for the exam and you can answer any type of question asked.
<Link for exercises 13.1-13.14>
Chapter 14: Biomolecules – Term I
The organic compounds that are present in different cells of living organisms are called biomolecules. The interaction of biomolecules makes up the molecular logic of life processes. The Biomolecules chapter covers various topics like the hydrolysis product of sucrose and lactose, monosaccharides, differentiating starch from cellulose and secondary proteins, amino acids, peptide bonds, etc. As per the CBSE guidelines, this chapter covers the structure and function of biomolecules.
<Link for exercises 14.1-14.25>
Chapter 15: Polymers
When studying for chapter 15 of the Chemistry NCERT textbook, you will learn concepts like polymer, monomer, and polymerisation, along with their classification, which is based on their source and structure. Additionally, you will study the classification of polymers based on their mode of polymerisation. You can easily score higher marks in the exam if you gain enough clarity on the various topics in this chapter.
<Link for exercise 15.1-15.20>
Chapter 16: Chemistry in Everyday Life
With a little practice and revision, you can easily gain full marks in this chapter. This chapter is entirely theoretical, where you learn about the various chemicals and their applications in real life. Some of the topics covered in this chapter are drugs and their classifications, the therapeutic action of different classes of drugs, drug-target interaction, chemicals in food and cleansing agents, pesticides, and insecticides.
<Link for exercises 16.1-16.27>
Overall, Chemistry can be a difficult subject to study, as it requires a lot of practice of various chemical formulas and numericals. However, with the right guidance and study material, you can score really well. All you need to do is download the NCERT solutions for Chemistry class 12 and start preparing!
Merits of Extramarks NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry
- With Extramarks, you can get the NCERT solutions for Chemistry class 12, which you can easily access anytime and anywhere
- The solutions are created by experienced teachers who are masters of their subject matter. This ensures that you learn only from the best
- Every chapter and topic is explained in a comprehensive manner using practical examples for your ease of understanding
- Most of the syllabus for any engineering competitive exam such as JEE Main or JEE Advanced is nearly similar to the class 11 and class 12 syllabus. Thus, having a strong grip on the various subjects and topics will also help you crack these competitive exams with ease
- The NCERT solutions will also prove to be useful in assisting your classroom education
- The language is simple and easy to read which helps in a quick understanding of the subject
CBSE Marking Scheme 2021-22
Because class 12 is such an important part of academics, the CBSE has divided the entire syllabus into two terms of equal marks to make it easier for students to learn and understand the various conceptsIn 2021, owing to the coronavirus pandemic, CBSE has also reduced the syllabus by 30% for the academic year 2021-22.
Of a total of 16 chapters in the Chemistry textbook, 6 chapters are part of term 1. These are- Solutions, p-block elements, the solid state, Haloalkanes and Haloarenes, Biomolecules, and Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers. The marking scheme for the theory exam is as follows-
|Unit No.||Name of Unit||Marks|
|4||Haloalkanes and Haloarenes|
|5||Alcohols, Phenols, and Ether||15|
In Chemistry term 2 of class 12 examinations, CBSE prescribes 7 chapters out of a total of 16 chapters. These include Chemical Kinetics, Coordination Compound, d & f-Block Elements, Surface Chemistry, ElectroChemistry, Amines, Aldehydes, Ketones, and Carboxylic Acids. You can refer to the marking scheme for the theory exam as given below-
|Unit No.||Name of Unit||Marks|
|4||d and f-Block Elements||9|
|6||Aldehydes, Ketones, and Carboxylic Acids||13|
As NCERT covers about 50% of the questions asked in the board exam for Class 12, it is highly recommended to finish the book thoroughly, with extra focus on the exercises given at the end of each chapter. Moreover, the difficult topics are also explained with the help of relevant diagrams, images, graphs, and illustrations. Therefore, understanding the fundamentals through the NCERT textbook will only give you better results as you appear for your examination.
Think NCERT Solutions, Think Extramarks
The NCERT solutions provided by Extramarks are undoubtedly the best study resources to assist your class 12 board exam preparations. All the solutions are accurately designed and edited, keeping in mind the latest CBSE syllabus for Class 12. Once you are done with the Class 12 syllabus, you can download the NCERT solutions for class 12 Chemistry and start revising the various important concepts to score well in the final exams. Some key features of the NCERT solutions offered by Extramarks are-
- Best reference material
More often than not, students find it difficult to concentrate in class and retain each and every topic discussed. This can only affect their studies if it is not supported with additional study material. The NCERT solutions for class 12 Chemistry from Extramarks will act as reference material for your classroom education and NCERT textbook questions. It will help strengthen the different concepts discussed in the class and help you answer them easily. These solutions will also give you a general idea of how to approach the complex questions in the exam.
- Based on the CBSE syllabus
At Extramarks, we make sure that your exam preparations only get better and stronger with our help. So we design our solutions based on the latest CBSE syllabus and marking scheme to ensure that none of the important topics or questions are left behind. The main purpose of the class 12 Chemistry solutions is to help you self-analyse your preparedness so that you can improve your weak areas. Moreover, all the questions, answers, and examples you will find are based on the CBSE curriculum and have a high probability of being asked in the exam.
- Created by subject matter experts
Want to ensure excellent performance and higher scores in my class 12 final exams. If Chemistry is the subject you struggle with, Extramarks’ easy-to-download solutions NCERT Chemistry class 12 is drafted by top-notch faculty members who are experts in their subject matter. They draft the solutions, keeping in mind the convenience of the students, to help them score well. The simple language and use of practical examples to explain complex topics help you grasp and retain the concepts well enough. Moreover, all the questions, whether numerical, MCQs, or theoretical, are 100% accurate. So you can rest assured of the viability of these solutions and start preparing now!
- Fit for revision
Reading the entire NCERT book more than once or twice can be a difficult task, especially when you want to revise. However, with the student-friendly study material from Extramarks, you can understand the difficult topics, clear your doubts, and even make a quick last-minute revision because it will be easy to retain these solutions. Moreover, questions are explained using everyday, real-life examples, which will make it easier for you to apply and grasp various concepts. And not only that, since many engineering competitive exams share the syllabus for classes 11 and 12, these solutions will act as revision notes while you prepare for exams like JEE Main and JEE Advanced in the future.
Benefits of Referring to Chemistry Class 12 NCERT Solutions
- By using the NCERT solutions for class 12, you will gain more confidence in attempting the questions as they are based on the CBSE marking scheme and prescribed weightage
- You can easily assess your key weak areas and work harder with regular revision and consistent practice to improve and perform well in the exam. It will strengthen your efforts and allow you to achieve higher scores
- Chemistry is a difficult but rewarding subject, the NCERT solutions will point you in the right direction in terms of how to approach a specific question or which formulas to use in various chemical reactions and numerical questions.This will ensure that you retain the answers easily
- Along with this study material, you must also practise as many previous years’ question papers as possible as it will give you an idea of the types of questions asked, the exam pattern, the marking scheme, important topics to focus on, and more
The NCERT solutions class 12 will help you gain in-depth knowledge of the several models of Chemistry and their applications in daily life. Not only will this help you understand the subject better, it will also allow you to ace the exam!
FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
There are a total of 16 chapters in the NCERT textbook and all of these are covered in the Extramarks’ NCERT solutions. To score well on the final exams, you must finish the NCERT thoroughly before moving on to the revision with additional notes. Focus on the textbook as most of the questions on the board exam will be directly or indirectly based on the NCERT questions.
Yes, the NCERT solutions are extremely important from the exam point of view as they are based on the latest CBSE curriculum guidelines. You will get a comprehensive overview of the concepts covered in each chapter and their practical relevance. Regular practice and revision will help boost your confidence and concentration level when you appear for the final exam.
Extramarks offers detailed solutions NCERT Chemistry class 12 in a free and downloadable format. You can find chapter-wise solutions in different solutions to help you conveniently navigate through the solutions as per your requirements. All you have to do is find the chapter you would like the solutions to and click on the link. At Extramarks, all chapter-wise, in-text questions, and exercise questions are available which can be used to make comprehensive revision notes.
Once you have meticulously finished the NCERT textbook and the CBSE prescribed study material, you can start revising and assess your preparation level. This is because you will only be able to answer all questions confidently when your fundamentals are clear and you possess the necessary time management skills. In addition, you can also start solving mock tests and previous years’ question papers to boost your preparation.
To pass the class 12 final exams with flying colours, revision notes for difficult topics and your weak areas can prove to be an extremely useful resource. The NCERT solutions for Chemistry class 12 will not only act as revision notes in themselves, but will also help you create accurate self-study notes with clear explanations, examples, and analysis of the solutions. You can go over these notes for a quick revision before the examination instead of going through the entire textbook.
Since Chemistry can be a tricky subject to prepare for, you can begin by reading and understanding the class 12 NCERT textbook for Chemistry. The concepts are explained in detail with enough diagrams and illustrations to help you grasp them better. Once you’re through, you can move on to the revisions and practise enough numerical and theoretical questions using the solutions NCERT Chemistry class 12. With enough practice and focus, you can easily fetch good scores in the exam.
While every chapter includes some important topics which are crucial for the exam, you must give additional focus to the following chapters to score well-
- Kinetic energy
- P-block elements
- Atomic structure and chemical bonding
- Aldehydes, Ketones, and Carboxylic Acids
- Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
Regular revision of these topics will make it easier for you to attempt any type of questions that might be asked in the exam.