NCERT Solutions Class 8 Social Science

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science students can learn about the functioning of democracy and people’s participation besides the role of the institutions and processes the way they function in Democracy. Students can also use NCERT solutions Class 8 for their revision and practice. Students must learn and understand every chapter to prepare r well before the exam. 


NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Books Available for

  • Resources & Development –  Geography
  • Our Pasts – III – History 
  • Social & Political Life – CIvics


NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science 


Chapter 1: How, When and Where  

  1. State whether true or false:

(a) James Mill divided Indian history into three periods – Hindu, Muslim, Christian.

Answer. False

Chapter 2: From Trade to Territory The Company Establishes Power

  1. Fill in the blanks:

(a) The British conquest of Bengal began with the Battle of ___________.

Answer. (a) The British conquest of Bengal began with the Battle of Plassey in 1757

Chapter 3: Ruling the Countryside

  1. Why were ryots reluctant to grow indigo?

Answer. The ryots were reluctant to grow indigo because they  were paid very low-prices for it.

Chapter 4:  Tribals, Dikus and the Vision of a Golden Age

  1. What problems did shifting cultivators face under British rule?

Answer. The British always had problems with shifting cultivators, as they were always moving for pasture lands. The British wanted the shifting cultivators to become peasant cultivators. 

Chapter 5: When People Rebel – 1857 and After

  1. What was the demand of Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi that was refused by the British?

Answer. Rani Lakshmibai was the queen of Jhansi. She  wanted her adopted  son to succeed the throne as  the ruler of Jhansi. However, according to Lord Dalhousie’s Doctrine of Lapse policy, an adopted heir would not be allowed to become heir to the throne  and the same would be annexed by the British. 

Chapter 6 – Weavers, Iron Smelters and Factory Owners

  1. Who are the Agaria?

Answer. A group of men and women forming a community of iron smelters were called Agaria.

Chapter 7 – Civilising the “Native”, Educating the Nation

  1. State whether true or false:

(a) James Mill was a severe critic of the Orientalists.

(b) The 1854 despatch on education was in favour of English being introduced as a medium of higher education in India.


(a) True

(b) True

Chapter 8 – Women, Caste and Reform

  1. In the British period, what new opportunities opened up for people who came from castes that were regarded as “low”?

Answer. The poor from the villages and small towns, many of them from low castes, began moving to the cities where there was a new demand for labour. 

Chapter 9 – The Making of the National Movement: 1870s–1947

  1. What were the demands of the Muslin League of 1940??

Answer. In 1940 the Muslim League had moved a resolution demanding “Independent States” for Muslims in the north-western and eastern areas of the country. 

Chapter 10 – India After Independence

  1. What did Dr. Ambedkar mean when he said that “In politics, we will have equality, and in social and economic life we will have inequality”?

Answer. B.R Ambedkar believed that political democracy should be followed by economic and social democracy. When he said the above-given words, he meant to eradicate the inequality in the social and economic spheres of life. 


NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science 


Chapter 1 – Resources

  1. What is resource conservation?

Answer: Saving resources for future generations is called conservation. It is the protection and ethical use of valuable resources such as minerals, water, trees, wildlife and others. 

Chapter 2 – Land, Soil, Water, Natural Vegetation and Wildlife Resources

  1. Which are the two main climatic factors responsible for soil formation?

Answer: Two main climatic factors responsible for soil formation are temperature and rainfall, wherein rainfall influences the rate of weathering and humus formation.

Chapter 3 – Mineral and Power Resources

  1. Name any three common minerals used by you on a daily basis?

Answer: Salt, petroleum and gold.

Chapter 4 – Agriculture

  1. What is agriculture?

Answer: Agriculture is a primary activity that includes growing crops, vegetables, fruits, flowers and rearing livestock. 

Chapter 5 – Industries

  1. What is meant by the term ‘industry’?

Answer: Industry refers to an economic activity that is concerned with the production of goods like the iron and steel industry, extraction of minerals like coal mining industry and the provision of services like the tourism industry.

Chapter 6 – Human Resources

  1. Why are people considered a resource?

Answer: People are the country’s most valuable resource. All other resources of nature become significant only when people extract its usefulness. 


NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science 


Chapter 1: Understanding Secularism

  1. How many of  the holidays in the calendar pertain to different religions? What does this indicate?

Answer: Many holidays on  the school annual calendar pertain to different religions. For instance- Eid, which is celebrated by Muslims,Diwali, which is a Hindu festival, Christmas, which is celebrated by Christians and Guru Nanak Jayanti which is a Sikh festival. It indicates that India is a secular country where freedom of religion is granted to its citizens and all religions are equally respected.

Chapter 2: Why Do We Need A Parliament

  1. Why do you think our national movement supported the idea that all adults have a right to vote?

Answer: The reason to fight for the freedom of the nation was to live in a country governed by leaders who were sensitive to people’s needs and demands.

Chapter 3: Understanding Laws

  1. State two reasons why historians refute the claim that the British introduced the rule of law in India.

Answer: The historians contradict to claim that British introduced the rule of law in India due to two reasons:

  • The colonial law was arbitrary.
  • The Indian Nationalists played a prominent role in the development of the legal sphere in British India.

Chapter 5: Judiciary

  1. Keeping the Sudha Goel case in mind, tick the sentences that are true and correct the ones that are false.

(a) The accused took the case to the High Court because they were unhappy with the decision of the Trial Court.

(b) They went to the High Court after the Supreme Court had given its decision.


(a) True

(b) False

Chapter 6: Understanding Our Criminal Justice System

  1. Do you think the victims would get justice if only one person performed all of the functions of the criminal justice system? Why not?

Answer. The victim would not get justice if only one person performs all the functions of the criminal justice system because he could get influenced by various prejudices. 

Chapter 7: Understanding Marginalisation

  1. Write in your own words two or more sentences of what you understand by the word ‘marginalisation’.

Answer. A social process of being confined to lower social standing and not having equal access to education and other resources is marginalisation. It basically means exclusion from the mainstream.  In other words people being denied their fundamental rights which results in lowering their social and economical status. 

Chapter 8: Confronting Marginalisation

  1. Re-read the story on Rathnam as well as the provisions of the 1989 Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act. Now list one reason why you think he used this law to file a complaint.

Answer. The Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes Prevention of Atrocities Act, 1989 seeks to punish those who humiliate or ill-treat the members of Dalit or tribal groups. 

Chapter 9: Public Facilities

  1. Why do you think there are so few cases of private water supply in the world?

Answer: Water is a basic necessity. Hence, universal access to safe drinking water is necessary for a standard quality of life. It needs to be provided to everyone – either free of charge or at affordable rates. 

Chapter 10: Law and Social Justice

  1. What are the advantages to foreign companies in setting up production in India?

Answer: There are various  advantages to foreign companies coming to India because of the cheap labour. The wages that the companies pay to workers in foreign countries are far higher than what they have to pay to workers in India.


Benefits of Solving NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science

  •  The NCERT Solutions cover different chapters that are included in the Class 8  Social Science book.
  • The solutions are written in simple and easy manner so that students can learn and understand the concepts without much difficulty. .
  • These NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science can be a great guide and reference to practise even the most challenging topics.
  • All the solutions are accurately curated for students to use it as a reference during their preparation and revise it thoroughly.



FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
1. Will I be able to clarify all the doubts using the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science?

Certainly, using the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science students can   clear their doubts , as subject experts have drafted these solutions in simple language.

2. How many chapters are present in the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science?

The Class 8 Social Science subject has three sections: History, Geography and Civics. It covers all the chapters, along with each and every topic wise questions.