NEET Physics Syllabus


The NTA (National Testing Agency) conducts NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test) to select candidates for admission into various medical colleges across the country. The students who aspire to pursue their MBBS or BDS degrees from the top medical colleges apply for this prestigious exam. In order to clear this exam, the students must first understand the syllabus. In this article, students will find a detailed NEET Physics syllabus that will help them in their preparation.

The NEET syllabus is prepared by the MCI (Medical Council of India) after a thorough review of the topics by different states, NCERT, and COBSE (Council of Boards of School Education in India). This ensures uniformity in medical education across the nation. Like every year, the NEET Physics syllabus 2022 comprises topics from both class 11 and class 12. Let’s have a detailed view of the syllabus.

NEET 2022 Physics Syllabus – Download Free PDF

NEET Class 11 Physics Syllabus – Subject Wise Detail

The following table gives the list of Physics chapters for NEET from class 11:

Class 11 Physics Syllabus for NEET
Physical-world and measurement
Laws of Motion
Work, Energy and Power
The motion of systems of particles and rigid body
Properties of bulk matter
Behaviour of Perfect gas and Kinetic theory
Oscillations and Waves
Unit 1 – Physical world and measurement Need for measurement: Systems of units; Units of measurement; fundamental and derived units, SI units. Accuracy and precision of measuring instruments; significant figures; Length, mass, and time measurements.

Dimensional analysis and its applications; Dimensions of physical quantities; errors in measurement.

Unit 2 – Kinematics Motion in a straight line; Frame of reference, speed and velocity, Position-time graph, uniformly accelerated motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity, Uniform and non-uniform motion, velocity-time and position-time graphs for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment). Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion. General vectors and notation, general vectors, addition and subtraction of vectors, Resolution of a vector in a plane-rectangular component, Scalar, and vector quantities: Position and displacement vectors, Scalar and Vector products of Vectors, equality of vectors, unit vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number; Relative velocity.


Motion in a plane. Uniform circular motion. Cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration- projectile motion.

Unit 3 – Laws of Motion Intuitive concept of force. Newton’s first law of motion, Inertia; Newton’s second law of motion, momentum; Newton’s third law of motion, impulse. Equilibrium of concurrent forces, Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications. Dynamics of uniform circular motion, examples of circular motion (vehicle on banked road, vehicle on level circular road)

. Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication.

. Centripetal force,

Unit 4 – Work, Energy and Power Work done by a constant force and variable force; kinetic energy, work-energy theorem, power. The notion of potential energy, the potential energy of a spring, conservative forces; conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies); non-conservative forces; motion in a vertical circle, elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.
Unit 5 – Motion of systems of particles and rigid body Centre of mass of a two-particle system, momentum conservation and centre of mass motion. Centre of mass of a rigid body; centre of mass of the uniform rod.

Moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum with some examples.

Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equation of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational motions; a moment of inertia, the radius of gyration. Values of M.I. for simple geometrical objects (no derivation). Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications.

Unit 6 – Gravitation Kepler’s laws of planetary motion. The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth. Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity, orbital velocity of a satellite. Geostationary satellites.
Unit 7 – Properties of Bulk matter Elastic behaviour, Stress-strain relationship. Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, shear, modulus of rigidity, Poisson’s ratio; elastic energy.

Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, Reynold’s number, streamline and turbulent flow. Critical velocity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications.

Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure, application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise.

Unit 8 – Thermodynamics Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of Thermodynamics). Heat, work and internal energy. The first law of thermodynamics. Isothermal and adiabatic processes.

The second law of thermodynamics: Reversible and irreversible processes. Heat engines and refrigerators.

Unit 9 – Behaviour of perfect gas and kinetic theory Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas.

Kinetic theory of gases: Assumptions, the concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature; degrees of freedom, the law of equipartition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases; the concept of mean free path.

Unit 10 – Oscillations and waves Periodic motion-period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion(SHM) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring-restoring force and force constant; energy in SHM –Kinetic and potential energies; simple pendulum-derivation of expression for its time period; free, forced and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), resonance.

NEET Class 12 Physics Syllabus – Subject Wise Detail

The following table gives the Physics NEET chapters from class 12 that are important for the exam.

NEET Physics Syllabus for Class 12
Current Electricity
Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
Electromagnetic waves
Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation
Atoms and Nuclei
Electronic devices
Unit 1 – Electrostatics Electric charges and their conservation. Coulomb’s law-force between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.

Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines; electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole; torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.

Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside)

Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges: equipotential surfaces, the electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric dipoles in an electrostatic field.

Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitors and capacitance, a combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, the capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor, Van de Graaff generator.

Unit 2 – Current electricity Electric current, the flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity and mobility, and their relation with electric

current; Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristics (linear and non-linear), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity.

Carbon resistors, colour code for carbon resistors; series and parallel combinations of resistors; temperature dependence of resistance.

The internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel. Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications. Wheatstone bridge, Metre bridge.

Potentiometer principle and applications to measure potential difference, and for comparing emf of two cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell.

Unit 3 – Magnetic effects of current and magnetism Concept of the magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment. Biot-Savart law and its application to the current carrying circular loop.

Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire, straight and toroidal solenoids. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron.

Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. The force between two parallel current-carrying conductors- definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in a magnetic field; moving coil galvanometer-its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.

Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. The magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron. Magnetic field intensity is due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis. Torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field; bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements.

Para-, dia-and ferromagnetic substances, with examples.

Electromagnetic and factors affecting their strengths. Permanent magnets.

Unit 4 – Electromagnetic induction and alternating current Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s law, induced emf and

current; Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance.

Alternating currents, peak and RMS value of alternating current/ voltage; reactance and impedance; LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits, wattles current. AC generator and transformer. 

Unit 5 – Electromagnetic waves Need for displacement current.

Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (qualitative ideas only). Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.

Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, x-rays, gamma rays) includes elementary facts about their uses.

Unit 6 – Optics Wave optics: Wavefront and Huygens’ Principle, reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wavefronts.

Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens’ Principle.

Interference, Young’s double hole experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light.

Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum.

Resolving the power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes. Polarisation, plane polarized light; Brewster’s law, uses of plane-polarized light and Polaroids.

Unit 7 – Dual nature of matter and radiation Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation- particle nature of light.

Matter waves- wave nature of particles, de Broglie relation. Davisson-Germer experiment (experimental details should be omitted; only the conclusion should be explained).

Unit 8 – Atoms and nuclei Alpha- particle scattering experiments; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum.

Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones.

Radioactivity- alpha, beta and gamma particles/ rays and their properties decay law. Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion.

Unit 9 – Electronic devices Energy bands in solids (qualitative ideas only), conductors, insulators and semiconductors; semiconductor diode- I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier; I- V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator. Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator. Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR). Transistor as a switch.

NEET Physics Syllabus Analysis

A thorough analysis of the NEET Physics syllabus helps the students in strategizing their preparation for the exam on the basis of their strengths and weaknesses. Students must analyse the weightage of each chapter in the examination and devote their time to the chapters accordingly.

NEET 2021 Physics Question Paper Analysis

Chapters Questions Breakup
Modern Physics & Electronics 8
Magnetism 7
SHM & Wave 3
Optics 4
Electrostatics and Electricity 11
Heat & Thermodynamics 4
Mechanics 13

The following table shows the average number of questions that are asked from each chapter from the NEET Physics syllabus. This is based on the trend of NEET question papers for the past decade.

Name of Unit Chapter’s name Average no. of questions
Physical World and Measurement Physical World and Units and Measurement 1
Kinematics Motion in Straight Line 2
Motion in a Plane 1-2
Laws of Motion Laws of Motion 2-3
Work, Energy and Power Work, Energy and Power 2
System of Particles and Rotational Motion System of Particles and Rotational Motion 2-3
Gravitation Gravitation 2
Properties of Bulk Matter Mechanical Properties of Solids 1
Mechanical Properties of Fluids 1
Thermal Properties of Matter 1-2
Oscillations and Waves Oscillations 1-2
Waves 1-2
Thermodynamics Thermodynamics 1-2
The behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory Kinetic Theory 1
Electrostatics Electric Charges and Fields 1-2
Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance 1-2
Current Electricity Current Electricity 4
Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism Moving Charges and Magnetism 2
Magnetism and Matter 1
Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents Electromagnetic Induction 1
Alternating Currents 1
Electromagnetic Waves Electromagnetic Waves 1
Optics Ray Optics and Optical Instruments 2
Wave Optics 1
Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter 2-3
Atoms and Nuclei Atoms 1-2
Nuclei 2
Electronic Devices Semiconductor Electronics 3
Communication Systems Communication Systems 0

NEET 2021 Physics Chapter Wise Weightage

Class Chapter name Number Of Questions
Class 11 Mechanics 12
Heat & Thermodynamics 5
Waves 1
Class 12 Magnetism 6
Modern Physics 8
Electricity 9
Optics 4

 On thorough analysis of NEET previous years papers, it can be deduced that the most important topics from the NEET Physics syllabus are Kinematics, Heat, Laws of Motion, Electrostatics, Thermodynamics, Electronic Devices, Mechanics, The Magnetic effect of Current, and Oscillations & Waves.

NEET 2022 Class Wise Important Chapters

Class 11 NEET Physics Important Chapters 

  • Units and measurements
  • Motion in one dimension
  • Laws of motion
  • Work, Power and energy
  • Gravitation
  • Heat and Thermodynamics
  • SHM

Class 12 NEET Physics Important Chapters 

  • Capacitor
  • Magnetism
  • Electromagnetic Wave
  • Electromagnetic Induction
  • Current electricity
  • Alternating current
  • Wave optics
  • Modern Physics
  • Semiconductors


  1. Understand the syllabus and NEET Exam pattern

It is important to go through the topics in the NEET Physics syllabus and analyse the marking scheme of the exam.

  1. Prepare from NEET books

The best source for covering the NEET Physics syllabus is NCERT textbook. Once you have completed the NCERT and understood the concepts, you may refer to other NEET books, such as:

  1. H.C. Verma Concepts of Physics (Volume 1 and 2)
  2. Concepts of Competition Physics by Agarwal (for CBSE PMT)

3. Practise questions from past years’ papers of NEET:

Practising questions from NEET Physics past years’ paper can help you in understanding the exam pattern and strategising your preparation by dedicating more time to the priority topics. It also helps in improving your speed and accuracy.

  1. Make notes

It is important for students to make short notes while studying. It helps in quick revision and helps to cover all the topics before the exam. The concepts and formulae are at the fingertips of the students when they go through the short notes and formulae regularly.

  1. Practise Online Mock Tests:

Online mock tests help in the simulation of actual exam conditions. The students can prepare and perform better in the exam if they practice online mock tests regularly. It also helps in covering the NEET Physics syllabus effectively.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
1. How many hours should an aspirant of NEET study?

The number of hours that you dedicate to NEET preparation depends upon how focused you are and how easily you can grasp the concepts. Initially, you may have to go the extra mile and dedicate most of your time to concretising the concepts. Later on, spending 6-7 hours on the study will suffice.

2. Is NEET physics easy?

The Physics section of NEET is comparatively easier than other competitive exams. You must be thorough with the concepts and practice as many mock tests as possible while covering the NEET Physics syllabus.

3. How many chapters are there in the NEET 2022 physics curriculum?

There are 10 chapters from class 11 Physics and 9 chapters from class 12 Physics. In total, there are 19 chapters in NEET 2022 Physics syllabus.

4. Is there any change in NEET pattern 2022?

No, there isn’t any change in NEET pattern 2022 and it is similar to NEET 2021.