NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science History Chapter 4 : In the Earliest Cities


Match the columns Copper Gujarat Gold Afghanistan Tin Rajasthan Precious stones Karnataka


Copper – Rajasthan

Gold – Karnataka

Tin – Afghanistan

Precious stones – Gujarat


Do you think that the life of farmers and herders who supplied food to the Harappan cities was different from that of the farmers and herders you read about in Chapter 2? Give reasons for your answer.


1. The life of farmers and herders who supplied food to the Harappan cities was different from that of the farmers and herders we read about in Chapter 2.
2. The Harappan farmers and herders supplied their surplus grains and raw materials to craftspersons, scribes and rulers in the cities. The farmers and herders mentioned in Chapter 2 kept their produce for their own consumption.
3. The farmers and herders of Harappa used a wooden plough to till their lands and other tools made of copper and bronze for agriculture.


Make a list of what the Harappans ate, and put a tick mark against the things you eat today.


The things Harappans ate

The things we eat today


























Make a list of all the terracotta toys shown in the lesson. Which do you think children would have enjoyed playing with the most?


(i) List of terracotta toys shown in the lesson are:
• Animal figures
• Wheeled cart
• Toy plough

 (ii) Children would have enjoyed playing with all these terracotta toys as each child would have his/her preferences.


Why were metals, writing, the wheel, and the plough important for the Harappans?


Things and its importance for the Harappans:

  • Metals - For making tools, weapons, ornaments and vessels
  • Writing - For maintaining trade records and recording ceremonial activities  
  • Wheel - Used in carts, means of transport and for pottery making by potters
  • Plough - For digging the earth to turn the soil and plant seeds


How do archaeologists know that cloth was used in the Harappan civilisation?


  1. Various archaeological excavations have confirmed that Harappan people used clothes.
  1. They have found actual pieces of cloth attached to the lid of a silver vase and some copper objects at Mohenjodaro.
  1. They have also found spindle whorls, made of terracotta and faience; these were used to spin thread.

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