NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Civics Chapter 4 : Key Elements of a Democratic Government


Why do you think we need the government to find solutions to many disputes or conflicts?


We need the government to find solutions to many disputes or conflicts because:

(i) It can turn into outrageous or violent movement in future if not solved.
(ii) Government is accountable to its people and thus takes care of them.
(iii) It is necessary to maintain law and peace in the nation.
(iv) To maintain the trust of its people in law and justice.


How would Maya's life be different in South Africa today?


Maya's life would be different in South Africa today due to following reasons:

(i) Practice of apartheid is abolished today.
(ii) She would have enjoyed equal rights before the law.
(iii) No discrimination on the basis of caste, color, creed and religion.
(iv) She would have the right to choose and participate in the government.


Read through the chapter and discuss some of the key ideas of a democratic government. Make a list. For example, all people are equal.


Key ideas of a democratic government:

All people are equal

Justice for all

Equal opportunities for education and jobs

Abolition of discriminations

Abolition of Untouchability

Equal status to all religions


What actions does the government take to ensure that all people are treated equally?


Steps the government should take to ensure that all people are treated equally:

(i) Everybody should be treated  equally before the law and according to the Constitution.
(ii) All should be given equal rights to enjoy their freedom.
(iii) There should be no discrimination in providing justice on the basis of caste, colour, creed or religion.
(iv) Special protection should be provided to the underprivileged classes.
(v) Ensuring basic facilities of food, shelter, health and clothes to all.


What are the various ways in which people participate in the process of government?


Various ways in which people participate in the process of government are as follows:

(i) By participating in the election.
(ii) By casting their vote to choose their government.
(iii) By mass protests like rallies, strikes, signature campaigns, etc.
(iv) Limiting of  power by regular election.
(v) By expressing their views and criticizing the government on social media, televisions, newspapers, etc.
(vi) Keeping on track and informed about government works and decisions.

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