NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science History Chapter 5 : What Books and Burials Tell Us

Q:

In what ways do you think that the life of a raja was different from that of a dasa or dasi?

A:

(i) The life of raja was different from that of a dasa or dasi in many different ways. Raja was a leader who used to rule, while dasa and dasi were captured as slaves to serve their masters.
(ii) Rajas are mentioned in the Rigveda as one of the two important groups along with the brahmins who performed various rituals, while dasa and dasi were not part of important groups.

Q:

What kind of evidence from burials do archaeologists use to find out whether there were social differences amongst those who were buried?

A:

(i) Archaeologists use the number objects and their types found in a grave to study the social differences.

(ii) For example, in Brahmagiri, archaeologists have found in one grave a skeleton buried with 33 gold beads, 2 stone beads, 4 copper bangles, and one conch shell, while in other graves skeletons have only a few pots.

(iii) These findings suggest that there was some difference in status amongst the people who were buried.

Q:

In what ways are the books we read today different from the Rigveda?

A:

(i) The books we read today are different from the Rigveda, because they are printed while the Rigveda was recited and heard rather than read.

(ii) The books we read today are written on various subjects in many different languages, while the Rigveda contains hymns in praise of various gods and goddesses, written in old or Vedic Sanskrit.

Q:

Complete the sentences:

(a) Slaves were used for _________________________.
(b) Megaliths are found in ___________________________.
(c) Stone circles or boulders on the surface were used to ________.
(d) Port-holes were used for ______.
(e) People at Inamgaon ate ___________________________________.

A:

(a) Slaves were used for doing everything their owners wanted.
(b) Megaliths are found in the Deccan, south India, in the north-east and Kashmir.
(c) Stone circles or boulders on the surface were used to find the burial site.
(d) Port-holes were used for entrance.
(e) People at Inamgaon ate wheat, barley, rice, pulses, millets, peas and sesame, fruits and animal flesh.

Q:

Match the columns Sukta- Stone boulder Chariots - Sacrifice Yajna - Well-said Dasa - Used in battles Megalith – Slave

A:

Sukta - Well-said

Chariots - Used in battles

Yajna – Sacrifice

Dasa – Slave

Megalith – Stone boulder

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