NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Geography Chapter 1 : Environment


Map skills. (i) On an outline map of the Indian Sub-continent, draw the rivers Ganga and Brahmaputra from the source to the mouth. Also show the important tributaries of both the rivers. (ii) On the political map of South America, draw the equator. Mark the countries through which the equator passes.





Give reasons. (i) The rainforests are depleting.
(ii) Paddy is grown in the Ganga-Brahmaputra plains.


(i) The rainforests are depleting because of indiscriminate deforestation taking place to provide wood for various developmental activities that have started in the Amazon Basin. Forests are being cleared to the set up industries and building roads. Top soil is washed away due to heavy rains converting the forests into barren lands.

(ii) The soil of the Ganga-Brahmaputra plain is very fertile. These plains also receive adequate rainfall, which is necessary for the cultivation of paddy. Canals from river supply enough water to irrigate paddy fields during the dry season. All these factors contribute to the cultivation of paddy in these plains.


Match the following. (i) Cotton textile (a) Assam (ii) Maloca (b) Terrace farming (iii) Piranha (c) Sericulture (iv) Silk worm (d) Slanting roof (v) Kaziranga (e) Ganga plain (f) Varanasi (g) Fish


(i) Cotton textile        (f) Varanasi

(ii) Maloca                 (d) Slanting roof

(iii) Piranha               (g) Fish

(iv) Silk worm            (c) Sericulture

(v) Kaziranga             (a) Assam


Tick the correct answer. (i) Toucans are a type of
(a) birds (b) animals (c) crops (ii) Manioc is the staple food of
(a) Ganga Basin (b) Africa (c) Amazon (iii) Kolkata is located on the river
(a) Orange (b) Hooghly (c) Bhagirathi (iv) Deodars and firs are a type of
(a) Coniferous trees (b) Deciduous trees (c) shrubs (v) Bengal tiger is found in
(a) mountains (b) delta area (c) Amazon


(i) (a) birds  

(ii) (c) Amazon  

(iii) (b) Hooghly  

(iv) (a) Coniferous trees  

(v) (b) delta area   


Answer the following questions. (i) Name the continent in which the Amazon Basin is located.
(ii) What are the crops grown by the people of the Amazon Basin.
(iii) Name the birds that you are likely to find in the rainforests of the Amazon.
(iv) What are the major cities located on the River Ganga.
(v) Where is the one-horned rhinoceros found?


(i) Amazon Basin is located in South America. It lies in the tropical region.

(ii) The crops grown by the people of the Amazon Basin are tapioca, pineapple, and sweet potato. Manioc, also known as cassava is the staple food of the people of the Amazon Basin.

(iii) Birds found in the rainforests of the Amazon are toucans, humming birds, birds of paradise, etc.

(iv) Major cities located on the banks of River Ganga are Allahabad, Kanpur, Varanasi, Lucknow, Patna, and Kolkata.

(v) The one-horned rhinoceros is found in the Brahmaputra plain. Ninety percent of them are found in the Kaziranga National Park in Assam.

Benefits of NCERT Solutions

Following are some of the benefits of using NCERT Solutions by Extramarks.

1. The NCERT solutions for class 7 are prepared keeping in mind the necessary rules and format issued by the CBSE board thus providing students much-needed preview of the exam pattern of questions and preview of the exam that they are going to face during the final exams.

2. The students can be sure about the quality of the solutions as they are committed by highly experienced and expert teachers. These teachers have years of experience and they make sure that there is no mistake committed when preparing the solutions.

3. The NCERT 7 solutions are provided for the questions that are most likely to appear in the exam thus improving the efficiency of the students by helping them prepare for the important parts of the syllabus.

Tips & Strategies for Class 7 Exam Preparation

1. Start your revision early so you can revise well and grasp all the difficult concepts.

2. Organize your study time by making a timetable as it will help you manage your time accordingly.

3. Take mock tests and solve sample papers as they will help you learn time management during the exam and make you familiar with the exam pattern.

4. Take regular breaks, look after yourself by sleeping properly and eating well.

5. Know your exam well, explore the mock tests, and practice sample papers as much as you can.

Why Choose Extramarks CBSE Class 7 Study Materials?

1. The solutions have been compiled keeping in mind the purpose of scoring high marks in exams thus they have everything that the students need to prepare for exams.
2. The NCERT solutions for class 7 are designed in a clear and simple language complete with diagrams so that the students understand the subject well.
3. The NCERT 7 solutions are accurate thus improving their reliability.
4. The solutions are designed by expert and experienced teachers that help in removing all doubts out of the solutions and improving the credibility of the answers.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is class 7 Math NCERT book sufficient for prepare for the exams?

Yes, the NCERT book has been designed keeping in mind the pattern of paper that will be presented in the exam to students. The NCERT book is sufficient to study for the exam as it has everything related to the exam and contains all information out of which the questions will be asked in the exam. But if you want to prepare a little bit extra, we suggest that you go through the NCERT class 7 solutions.

When to refer to NCERT solutions for class 7th?

When you are studying the NCERT book for math and other subjects for your class 7 exams, refer to the NCERT class 7 solutions simultaneously so you can see where you are going wrong and what are you getting right in your exercises’ attempt.

Why are the NCERT solutions important for Class 7th?

The class 7th is very crucial as it is among the major middle school classes during which the child’s base is formed in math and science and even in other subjects like English. Thus, it is students must study smartly in this class and ace their exams while getting all the help they need from the NCERT 7 solutions given by Extramarks.

Can I rely on the NCERT solutions for class 7 Math at Extramarks to perform well in the annual exam?

Yes, absolutely. The NCERT solutions provided by Extramarks for class 7 are eloquent and elaborate at best and are thus useful for students studying for the final exams of class 7. The students will have many questions and doubts regarding the NCERT solutions for class 7 and this is why the solutions have been elaborated well to help students understand the answers to exercises.

Do you provide NCERT solutions for Class 7 Math for free?

Yes, the NCERT solutions for Math and other subjects for class 7 are available for free from Extramarks.

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