NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Civics Social Science Chapter 3 : How the State Government Works


What is the difference between the work that MLAs do in the Assembly and the work done by government departments?


(i) Act of making laws on certain issues is done by MLAs in the Legislative Assembly of each state while the implementation of these laws is done by various government departments.
(ii) Whatever work is done by these government departments has to be approved by the members of the legislative assembly or MLAs.


What was the problem in Patalpuram? What discussion/action was taken by the following? Fill in the table.
Public meeting
Legislative Assembly
Press conference
Chief Minister


Main problem in Patalpuram:
(i) Lack of proper sanitation and hygiene.
(ii) Scarcity of clean drinking water.
(iii) No proper medical facilities.
(iv) Spread of diarrhea.

Discussion/action was taken by the following:

Public meeting: Demand for the improvement of healthcare and sanitation facilities from the officials.

Legislative Assembly: Intend to supply drinking water to every village through tanker trucks and also explained the steps the government had taken. Collection of garbage.

Press conference: Organized by the health minister. Newspapers and media widely discussed the issue and prompted the government to hold a press conference.

Chief Minister: Visited Patalpuram district. He went to visit the families who had lost their relatives and also visited people in the hospitals. Promised funds for the works and also planned to start a campaign to create awareness.


Why should decisions taken by the Chief Minister and other ministers be debated in the Legislative Assembly?


(i) In a democratic government, participation is important from each and every section of the society.

(ii) Thus, whatever decisions are being taken, have to be approved by the members of the legislative assembly.

(iii) These members then ask questions, debate an important issue, decide where money should be spent, etc.

(iv) After that, they have the main authority to finalize any decision.


How did some MLAs become Ministers? Explain.


(i) After the elections, a political party whose MLAs have won more than half the number of constituencies in a state becomes the ruling party.

(ii) The MLAs belonging to the ruling party elect their leader who later becomes the chief minister.

(iii) The chief minister then selects other people as his ministers

(iv) The Governor of the state then appoints the chief minister and other ministers


Use the terms 'constituency' and 'represent' to explain who an MLA is and how is the person elected?


MLA is a member of the legislative assembly who represents people and also forms the government.

(i) Each state has a legislative assembly.

(ii) Each state is divided into different areas or constituencies.

(iii) From each constituency, people elect one representative who then becomes a Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA).

(iv) MLA is elected by people who contest in an election by voting.

Benefits of NCERT Solutions

Following are some of the benefits of using NCERT Solutions by Extramarks.

1. The NCERT solutions for class 7 are prepared keeping in mind the necessary rules and format issued by the CBSE board thus providing students much-needed preview of the exam pattern of questions and preview of the exam that they are going to face during the final exams.

2. The students can be sure about the quality of the solutions as they are committed by highly experienced and expert teachers. These teachers have years of experience and they make sure that there is no mistake committed when preparing the solutions.

3. The NCERT 7 solutions are provided for the questions that are most likely to appear in the exam thus improving the efficiency of the students by helping them prepare for the important parts of the syllabus.

Tips & Strategies for Class 7 Exam Preparation

1. Start your revision early so you can revise well and grasp all the difficult concepts.

2. Organize your study time by making a timetable as it will help you manage your time accordingly.

3. Take mock tests and solve sample papers as they will help you learn time management during the exam and make you familiar with the exam pattern.

4. Take regular breaks, look after yourself by sleeping properly and eating well.

5. Know your exam well, explore the mock tests, and practice sample papers as much as you can.

Why Choose Extramarks CBSE Class 7 Study Materials?

1. The solutions have been compiled keeping in mind the purpose of scoring high marks in exams thus they have everything that the students need to prepare for exams.
2. The NCERT solutions for class 7 are designed in a clear and simple language complete with diagrams so that the students understand the subject well.
3. The NCERT 7 solutions are accurate thus improving their reliability.
4. The solutions are designed by expert and experienced teachers that help in removing all doubts out of the solutions and improving the credibility of the answers.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is class 7 Math NCERT book sufficient for prepare for the exams?

Yes, the NCERT book has been designed keeping in mind the pattern of paper that will be presented in the exam to students. The NCERT book is sufficient to study for the exam as it has everything related to the exam and contains all information out of which the questions will be asked in the exam. But if you want to prepare a little bit extra, we suggest that you go through the NCERT class 7 solutions.

When to refer to NCERT solutions for class 7th?

When you are studying the NCERT book for math and other subjects for your class 7 exams, refer to the NCERT class 7 solutions simultaneously so you can see where you are going wrong and what are you getting right in your exercises’ attempt.

Why are the NCERT solutions important for Class 7th?

The class 7th is very crucial as it is among the major middle school classes during which the child’s base is formed in math and science and even in other subjects like English. Thus, it is students must study smartly in this class and ace their exams while getting all the help they need from the NCERT 7 solutions given by Extramarks.

Can I rely on the NCERT solutions for class 7 Math at Extramarks to perform well in the annual exam?

Yes, absolutely. The NCERT solutions provided by Extramarks for class 7 are eloquent and elaborate at best and are thus useful for students studying for the final exams of class 7. The students will have many questions and doubts regarding the NCERT solutions for class 7 and this is why the solutions have been elaborated well to help students understand the answers to exercises.

Do you provide NCERT solutions for Class 7 Math for free?

Yes, the NCERT solutions for Math and other subjects for class 7 are available for free from Extramarks.

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