NCERT Solutions For Class 7 History Social Science Chapter 2 : New Kings and Kingdoms


Look at Map 1 once more and find out whether there were any kingdoms in the state in which you live.


The kingdom of Chahamanas (Chauhans) exercised control over the territory which was located in the region of modern state - New Delhi.


How did the Rashtrakutas become powerful?


(i) Rashtrakutas in the Deccan initially were subordinate to the Chalukyas of Karnataka.

(ii) In the mid-eighth century, Dantidurga, a Rashtrakuta chief, overthrew his Chalukya overlord and performed a ritual called hiranya-garbha (literally, the golden womb).

(iii) When this ritual was performed with the help of Brahmanas, it was thought that the sacrificer could be reborn as a Kshatriya, even if he was a non-Kshatriya by birth.

(iv) When the Rashtrakutas gained power and wealth, they declared themselves independent from their overlords and established their own territories.


What were the two major cities under the control of the Chahamanas?


Delhi and Ajmer were the two major cities under the control of the Chahamanas.




Contrast the “elections” in Uttaramerur with present day panchayat elections.


The “elections” in Uttaramerur:

In the elections for the members of the Sabha in Uttaramerur, names of those eligible to be members of these committees were written on small tickets of palm leaf and kept in an earthenware pot, from which a young boy was asked to pick the tickets, one by one for each committee.

Present day panchayat elections:

The present day panchayat elections are held based on the universal adult franchise. Every adult in India, irrespective of their wealth and the communities, she/he belongs to, has one vote.


Who were the parties involved in the “tripartite struggle”?


The parties involved in the "tripartite struggle" were:

(i) Gurjara-Pratiharas

(ii) Rashtrakutas

(iii) Palas


What were the activities associated with Chola temples?


Activities associated with Chola temples:
(i) Chola temples were centres of craft production. They were also endowed with land by rulers as well as by others.
(ii) They were not only places of worship but also were the hub of economic, social and cultural life as well.
(iii) Priests, garland makers, cooks, sweepers, musicians, dancers, etc. lived near the temple and provided many varieties of services.
(iv) Temples were also associated with the making of Chola bronze images which are considered amongst the finest in the world.




What kind of irrigation works were developed in the Tamil region?


Kind of irrigation works developed in the Tamil region:
(i) Water from the channels of river Kaveri provided the necessary moisture for agriculture, particularly the cultivation of rice.
(ii) In the Delta region, embankments were built to prevent flooding.
(iii) Canals were constructed to carry water to the fields.
(iv) Sluice-gates were built to regulate the outflow of water from a tank into the channels that irrigated the fields.

(v) In some areas, wells were dug, and in some places huge tanks were constructed to collect rainwater.


What did the new dynasties do to gain acceptance?


(i) The new dynasties in specific regions were acknowledged by existing kings as their subordinates or samantas.

(ii) They were expected to bring gifts for their kings or overlords, be present at their courts and provide them with military support.

(iii) They gained power and wealth and declared themselves maha-samanta, mahamandaleshvara (the great lord of a “circle” or region) and so on.

(iv) They asserted their independence from their overlords.

(v) They performed rituals to be reborn themselves as Kshatriya with the help of Brahmanas.

(vi) They fought war with neighbouring regions to gain power and also built temple to acknowledge it.


What were the qualifications necessary to become a member of a committee of the sabha in the Chola Empire?


(i) Qualifications necessary to become a member of a committee of the sabha in the Chola Empire are:

  • Members of the sabha should be owners of land from which land revenue is collected.
  • They should have their own homes.
  • They should be between 35 and 70 years of age.
  • They should have knowledge of the Vedas.
  • They should be well-versed in administrative matters and honest.
  • If anyone has been a member of any committee in the last three years, he cannot become a member of another committee.

Anyone who has not submitted his accounts, as well as those of his relatives, cannot contest the elections.


Match the following Gurjara-Pratiharas - Western Deccan Rashtrakutas - Bengal Palas - Gujarat and Rajasthan Cholas- Tamil Nadu


Gurjara-Pratiharas – Gujarat and Rajasthan

Rashtrakutas – Western Deccan

Palas – Bengal

Cholas - Tamil Nadu

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1. The NCERT solutions for class 7 are prepared keeping in mind the necessary rules and format issued by the CBSE board thus providing students much-needed preview of the exam pattern of questions and preview of the exam that they are going to face during the final exams.

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Tips & Strategies for Class 7 Exam Preparation

1. Start your revision early so you can revise well and grasp all the difficult concepts.

2. Organize your study time by making a timetable as it will help you manage your time accordingly.

3. Take mock tests and solve sample papers as they will help you learn time management during the exam and make you familiar with the exam pattern.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Is class 7 Math NCERT book sufficient for prepare for the exams?

Yes, the NCERT book has been designed keeping in mind the pattern of paper that will be presented in the exam to students. The NCERT book is sufficient to study for the exam as it has everything related to the exam and contains all information out of which the questions will be asked in the exam. But if you want to prepare a little bit extra, we suggest that you go through the NCERT class 7 solutions.

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When you are studying the NCERT book for math and other subjects for your class 7 exams, refer to the NCERT class 7 solutions simultaneously so you can see where you are going wrong and what are you getting right in your exercises’ attempt.

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Yes, the NCERT solutions for Math and other subjects for class 7 are available for free from Extramarks.

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