(i) Chahar bagh were the formal gardens, placed within rectangular walled enclosures and divided into four quarters by artificial channels.
(ii) These gardens were called chahar bagh, four gardens, because of their symmetrical division into quarters.
Pietra-dura is an architectural style in which coloured, hard stones placed in depressions carved into marble or sandstone creating beautiful, ornate patterns.
Shikhara is the highest concrete roof of the Hindus temples.
(i) In the architectural style of “trabeate” (also known as “corbelled”), roofs, doors and windows were made by placing a horizontal beam across two vertical.
(ii) In the architectural style of “arcuate”, the weight of the superstructure above the doors and windows was sometimes carried by arches.
Role of Yamuna in the layout of the new Mughal city at Shahjahanabad:
(i) The imperial palace was located in front of river Yamuna in the new city of Shahjahanabad in Delhi.
(ii) Only a few selected nobles were given access to the river.
(iii) All others had to construct their homes in the city away from the River Yamuna.
(iv) The access to the river Yamuna to the nobles was controlled by developing architectural form, developed by Shah Jahan.
(i) During Shah Jahan's reign, the different elements of Mughal architecture were fused together in a grand harmonious synthesis.
(ii) Shah Jahan’s ceremonial halls of public and private audience (diwan-i khas or am) were carefully constructed. These courts were also described as chihil sutun or forty-pillared halls, placed within a large courtyard.
(iii) The pedestal on which his throne was placed was frequently described as the qibla which means the direction faced by Muslims at prayer, as everybody faced that direction when court was in session.
(iv) The idea of the king as a representative of God on earth was suggested by these architectural features. Therefore by the means of architecture style, this image of paradise was created.
(i) The largest temples were constructed by kings. Temples communicated the importance of a king as they were meant to demonstrate the power, wealth and devotion of the patron.
(ii) It helped the king to appear like a god as the king took the god’s name because it was auspicious.
(iii) In the temples, gods and goddesses of the allies and subordinates of the ruler were worshipped; it indicated the king’s relations with the God.
(iv) The temple was a miniature model of the world ruled by the king and his allies.
(v) They worshiped their deities together in the royal temples; it seemed as if they brought the just rule of the gods on earth.
The Mughal royal court suggested that everyone – the rich and the poor, the powerful and the weak – received justice equally from the emperor:
(i) The Mughal architectural features highlighted the idea of the king as a representative of God on earth.
(ii) The connection between royal justice and the imperial court was emphasised by Shah Jahan in his newly constructed court in the Red Fort at Delhi.
(iii) There were a series of pietra dura inlays behind the emperor's throne which depicted the legendary Greek god Orpheus playing the lute.
(iv) The construction of Shah Jahan’s audience hall aimed to communicate that the king's justice would treat the high and the low as equals creating a world where all could live together in harmony.
Yes, the NCERT book has been designed keeping in mind the pattern of paper that will be presented in the exam to students. The NCERT book is sufficient to study for the exam as it has everything related to the exam and contains all information out of which the questions will be asked in the exam. But if you want to prepare a little bit extra, we suggest that you go through the NCERT class 7 solutions.
When you are studying the NCERT book for math and other subjects for your class 7 exams, refer to the NCERT class 7 solutions simultaneously so you can see where you are going wrong and what are you getting right in your exercises’ attempt.
The class 7th is very crucial as it is among the major middle school classes during which the child’s base is formed in math and science and even in other subjects like English. Thus, it is students must study smartly in this class and ace their exams while getting all the help they need from the NCERT 7 solutions given by Extramarks.
Yes, absolutely. The NCERT solutions provided by Extramarks for class 7 are eloquent and elaborate at best and are thus useful for students studying for the final exams of class 7. The students will have many questions and doubts regarding the NCERT solutions for class 7 and this is why the solutions have been elaborated well to help students understand the answers to exercises.
Yes, the NCERT solutions for Math and other subjects for class 7 are available for free from Extramarks.