NCERT Solutions For Class 7 History Social Science Chapter 5 : Rulers and Buildings


What are the elements of a Mughal chahar bagh garden?


(i) Chahar bagh were the formal gardens, placed within rectangular walled enclosures and divided into four quarters by artificial channels.

(ii) These gardens were called chahar bagh, four gardens, because of their symmetrical division into quarters.





What is pietra-dura?


Pietra-dura is an architectural style in which coloured, hard stones placed in depressions carved into marble or sandstone creating beautiful, ornate patterns.


What is a shikhara?


Shikhara is the highest concrete roof of the Hindus temples.


How is the “trabeate” principle of architecture different from “arcuate”?


(i) In the architectural style of “trabeate” (also known as “corbelled”), roofs, doors and windows were made by placing a horizontal beam across two vertical.

(ii) In the architectural style of “arcuate”, the weight of the superstructure above the doors and windows was sometimes carried by arches.


What role did the Yamuna play in the layout of the new Mughal city at Shahjahanabad?


Role of Yamuna in the layout of the new Mughal city at Shahjahanabad:

(i) The imperial palace was located in front of river Yamuna in the new city of Shahjahanabad in Delhi.

(ii) Only a few selected nobles were given access to the river.

(iii) All others had to construct their homes in the city away from the River Yamuna.

(iv) The access to the river Yamuna to the nobles was controlled by developing architectural form, developed by Shah Jahan.


An inscription in Shah Jahan’s diwan-i khas in Delhi stated: “If there is Paradise on Earth, it is here, it is here, it is here.” How was this image created?


(i) During Shah Jahan's reign, the different elements of Mughal architecture were fused together in a grand harmonious synthesis.

(ii) Shah Jahan’s ceremonial halls of public and private audience (diwan-i khas or am) were carefully constructed. These courts were also described as chihil sutun or forty-pillared halls, placed within a large courtyard.

(iii) The pedestal on which his throne was placed was frequently described as the qibla which means the direction faced by Muslims at prayer, as everybody faced that direction when court was in session.

(iv) The idea of the king as a representative of God on earth was suggested by these architectural features. Therefore by the means of architecture style, this image of paradise was created.


How did a temple communicate the importance of a king?


(i) The largest temples were constructed by kings. Temples communicated the importance of a king as they were meant to demonstrate the power, wealth and devotion of the patron.

(ii) It helped the king to appear like a god as the king took the god’s name because it was auspicious.

(iii) In the temples, gods and goddesses of the allies and subordinates of the ruler were worshipped; it indicated the king’s relations with the God.

(iv) The temple was a miniature model of the world ruled by the king and his allies.

(v) They worshiped their deities together in the royal temples; it seemed as if they brought the just rule of the gods on earth.


How did the Mughal court suggest that everyone – the rich and the poor, the powerful and the weak – received justice equally from the emperor?


The Mughal royal court suggested that everyone – the rich and the poor, the powerful and the weak – received justice equally from the emperor:

(i) The Mughal architectural features highlighted the idea of the king as a representative of God on earth.

(ii) The connection between royal justice and the imperial court was emphasised by Shah Jahan in his newly constructed court in the Red Fort at Delhi.

(iii) There were a series of pietra dura inlays behind the emperor's throne which depicted the legendary Greek god Orpheus playing the lute.

(iv) The construction of Shah Jahan’s audience hall aimed to communicate that the king's justice would treat the high and the low as equals creating a world where all could live together in harmony.

Benefits of NCERT Solutions

Following are some of the benefits of using NCERT Solutions by Extramarks.

1. The NCERT solutions for class 7 are prepared keeping in mind the necessary rules and format issued by the CBSE board thus providing students much-needed preview of the exam pattern of questions and preview of the exam that they are going to face during the final exams.

2. The students can be sure about the quality of the solutions as they are committed by highly experienced and expert teachers. These teachers have years of experience and they make sure that there is no mistake committed when preparing the solutions.

3. The NCERT 7 solutions are provided for the questions that are most likely to appear in the exam thus improving the efficiency of the students by helping them prepare for the important parts of the syllabus.

Tips & Strategies for Class 7 Exam Preparation

1. Start your revision early so you can revise well and grasp all the difficult concepts.

2. Organize your study time by making a timetable as it will help you manage your time accordingly.

3. Take mock tests and solve sample papers as they will help you learn time management during the exam and make you familiar with the exam pattern.

4. Take regular breaks, look after yourself by sleeping properly and eating well.

5. Know your exam well, explore the mock tests, and practice sample papers as much as you can.

Why Choose Extramarks CBSE Class 7 Study Materials?

1. The solutions have been compiled keeping in mind the purpose of scoring high marks in exams thus they have everything that the students need to prepare for exams.
2. The NCERT solutions for class 7 are designed in a clear and simple language complete with diagrams so that the students understand the subject well.
3. The NCERT 7 solutions are accurate thus improving their reliability.
4. The solutions are designed by expert and experienced teachers that help in removing all doubts out of the solutions and improving the credibility of the answers.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is class 7 Math NCERT book sufficient for prepare for the exams?

Yes, the NCERT book has been designed keeping in mind the pattern of paper that will be presented in the exam to students. The NCERT book is sufficient to study for the exam as it has everything related to the exam and contains all information out of which the questions will be asked in the exam. But if you want to prepare a little bit extra, we suggest that you go through the NCERT class 7 solutions.

When to refer to NCERT solutions for class 7th?

When you are studying the NCERT book for math and other subjects for your class 7 exams, refer to the NCERT class 7 solutions simultaneously so you can see where you are going wrong and what are you getting right in your exercises’ attempt.

Why are the NCERT solutions important for Class 7th?

The class 7th is very crucial as it is among the major middle school classes during which the child’s base is formed in math and science and even in other subjects like English. Thus, it is students must study smartly in this class and ace their exams while getting all the help they need from the NCERT 7 solutions given by Extramarks.

Can I rely on the NCERT solutions for class 7 Math at Extramarks to perform well in the annual exam?

Yes, absolutely. The NCERT solutions provided by Extramarks for class 7 are eloquent and elaborate at best and are thus useful for students studying for the final exams of class 7. The students will have many questions and doubts regarding the NCERT solutions for class 7 and this is why the solutions have been elaborated well to help students understand the answers to exercises.

Do you provide NCERT solutions for Class 7 Math for free?

Yes, the NCERT solutions for Math and other subjects for class 7 are available for free from Extramarks.

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