NCERT Solutions For Class 7 History Social Science Chapter 4 : The Mughal Empire


Like the Mughal Empire, India today is also made up of many social and cultural units. Does this pose a challenge to national integration?


(i) Today, India is known for its multi-cultural identities; the country follows the principle of "unity in diversity". People living here are united by the common historical pasts and knowledge. Every Indian consider this nation as his or her motherland.

(ii) India’s social and cultural units do not pose a challenge to national integration because the country has adopted a secular constitution and a democratic-republic political system, with universal suffrage.


Why was it important for the Mughals to recruit mansabdars from diverse backgrounds and not just Turanis and Iranis?


(i) As the empire expanded to encompass different regions with different cultural practices and beliefs, the Mughal rulers recruited mansabdars from diverse backgrounds.

(ii) This strategy prevented any challenge to the Mughal authority, since it brought the powerful local chieftains under the control of the Empire.


Why did the Mughals emphasise their Timurid and not their Mughal descent?


(i) The Mughals emphasized their Mongol descent because Genghis Khan's memory was associated with the massacre of innumerable people. It was also linked with the Uzbegs, their Mongol competitors.

(ii) On the other hand, they were proud of their Timurid lineage, because their great ancestor had invaded and occupied Delhi in 1398.


What was the role of the zamindar in Mughal administration?


(i) Zamindars were intermediaries to the Mughal rulers; they were local headmen of villages or powerful chieftains.

(ii) In some areas, the zamindars exercised a great deal of power.

(iii) Sometimes, zamindars and peasants of the same caste allied and rebelled against the Mughal authority.


What was the relationship between the mansabdar and the jagir?


(i) Mansabdars received their salaries as revenue assignments called jagirs.

(ii) However, mansabdars did not actually reside in or administer their jagirs.

(iii) They only had rights to the revenue of their assignments (jagirs) collected their servants for them, while the mansabdars themselves served in some other part of the country.


What were the central provinces under the control of the Mughals?


The central provinces under the control of the Mughals were Delhi, Sind, Kabul, Mewar, Marwar, Gujarat, Bihar, Bengal, Orissa, and Deccan.


Fill in the blanks - (a) The capital of Mirza Hakim, Akbar’s half-brother, was _______. (b) The five Deccan Sultanates were Berar, Khandesh, Ahmadnagar, _______ and _______. (c) If zat determined a mansabdar’s rank and salary, sawar indicated his _______. (d) Abul Fazl, Akbar’s friend and counsellor, helped him frame the idea of _______ so that he could govern a society composed of many religions, cultures and castes.


(a) The capital of Mirza Hakim, Akbar’s half-brother, was Kabul.

(b) The five Deccan Sultanates were Berar, Khandesh, Ahmadnagar, Bijapur and Golconda.

(c) If zat determined a mansabdar’s rank and salary, sawar indicated his cavalrymen.

(d) Abul Fazl, Akbar’s friend and counsellor, helped him frame the idea of sulh-i kul so that he could govern a society composed of many religions, cultures and castes.


Match the following Mansab Marwar Mongol governor Sisodiya Rajput Uzbeg Rathor Rajput Mewar Nur Jahan Jahangir Subadar rank


Mansab                       rank

Mongol                       Uzbeg

Sisodiya Rajput          Mewar

Rathor Rajput             Marwar

Nur Jahan                  Jahangir

Subadar                     governor


Peasants were vital for the economy of the Mughal Empire. Do you think that they are as important today? Has the gap in the income between the rich and the poor in India changed a great deal from the period of the Mughals?


(i) Yes. Peasants are important today for the economy.

(ii) The gap in the income between the rich and the poor in India has changed significantly from the period of the Mughals, due to the growth of advanced science and technology in agriculture.


How important was the income from land revenue to the stability of the Mughal Empire?


(i) The income from land revenue was the main source of income of the Mughal Empire.

(ii) The Mughal Empire was very large. A huge amount of finance for running the administration and maintaining law and order came from the revenue.

(iii) The land revenue was also important for salaries of the soldiers and officials and welfare works for the people.

(iv) Land revenue played a significant role in the economy of the Mughal Empire.


How were the debates with religious scholars important in the formation of Akbar’s ideas on governance?


(i) Akbar interacted extensively on religions with religious scholars such as the ulama, Brahmanas, Jesuit priests (Roman Catholics), and Zoroastrians.

(ii) This experience made him realise that some of the religious scholars who emphasized ritual and dogma were often bigots. Their teachings created divisions and disharmony amongst his subjects.

(iii) This led to the birth of the idea of sulh-i kul or "universal peace". This idea emphasized more on tolerance and taught against discrimination between people of different religions in Akbar’s realm.

(iv) It focused on universally applicable values such as ethics, honesty, justice, and peace.

(v) This governance model was later followed by Jahangir and Shah Jahan as well.

Benefits of NCERT Solutions

Following are some of the benefits of using NCERT Solutions by Extramarks.

1. The NCERT solutions for class 7 are prepared keeping in mind the necessary rules and format issued by the CBSE board thus providing students much-needed preview of the exam pattern of questions and preview of the exam that they are going to face during the final exams.

2. The students can be sure about the quality of the solutions as they are committed by highly experienced and expert teachers. These teachers have years of experience and they make sure that there is no mistake committed when preparing the solutions.

3. The NCERT 7 solutions are provided for the questions that are most likely to appear in the exam thus improving the efficiency of the students by helping them prepare for the important parts of the syllabus.

Tips & Strategies for Class 7 Exam Preparation

1. Start your revision early so you can revise well and grasp all the difficult concepts.

2. Organize your study time by making a timetable as it will help you manage your time accordingly.

3. Take mock tests and solve sample papers as they will help you learn time management during the exam and make you familiar with the exam pattern.

4. Take regular breaks, look after yourself by sleeping properly and eating well.

5. Know your exam well, explore the mock tests, and practice sample papers as much as you can.

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1. The solutions have been compiled keeping in mind the purpose of scoring high marks in exams thus they have everything that the students need to prepare for exams.
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3. The NCERT 7 solutions are accurate thus improving their reliability.
4. The solutions are designed by expert and experienced teachers that help in removing all doubts out of the solutions and improving the credibility of the answers.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is class 7 Math NCERT book sufficient for prepare for the exams?

Yes, the NCERT book has been designed keeping in mind the pattern of paper that will be presented in the exam to students. The NCERT book is sufficient to study for the exam as it has everything related to the exam and contains all information out of which the questions will be asked in the exam. But if you want to prepare a little bit extra, we suggest that you go through the NCERT class 7 solutions.

When to refer to NCERT solutions for class 7th?

When you are studying the NCERT book for math and other subjects for your class 7 exams, refer to the NCERT class 7 solutions simultaneously so you can see where you are going wrong and what are you getting right in your exercises’ attempt.

Why are the NCERT solutions important for Class 7th?

The class 7th is very crucial as it is among the major middle school classes during which the child’s base is formed in math and science and even in other subjects like English. Thus, it is students must study smartly in this class and ace their exams while getting all the help they need from the NCERT 7 solutions given by Extramarks.

Can I rely on the NCERT solutions for class 7 Math at Extramarks to perform well in the annual exam?

Yes, absolutely. The NCERT solutions provided by Extramarks for class 7 are eloquent and elaborate at best and are thus useful for students studying for the final exams of class 7. The students will have many questions and doubts regarding the NCERT solutions for class 7 and this is why the solutions have been elaborated well to help students understand the answers to exercises.

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Yes, the NCERT solutions for Math and other subjects for class 7 are available for free from Extramarks.

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