NCERT Solutions For Class 7 History Social Science Chapter 6 : Towns, Traders and Crafts persons


Who lived in the “Black Towns” in cities such as Madras?


Merchants, artisans such as weavers, native traders and craftspersons lived in the “Black Towns” in cities such as Madras.




How was water supplied to the city of Thanjavur?


Water supplied to the city of Thanjavur came from wells and tanks.


Fill in the blanks: (a) The Rajarajeshvara temple was built in _______. (b) Ajmer is associated with the Sufi saint _______ . (c) Hampi was the capital of the _______ Empire. (d) The Dutch established a settlement at _______ in Andhra Pradesh.


(a) The Rajarajeshvara temple was built in Thanjavur.

(b) Ajmer is associated with the Sufi saint Khwaja Muinuddin Chishti.

(c) Hampi was the capital of the Vijayanagara Empire.

(d) The Dutch established a settlement at Masulipatnam in Andhra Pradesh.


In what ways was craft production in cities like Calcutta different from that in cities like Thanjavur?


Craft production in cities like Calcutta was different from that in cities like Thanjavur in the following manner:

(i) Craftspersons in Thanjavur were independent, whereas in Calcutta they were regulated and dominated by European officials. Thus, there was a decline of the independence of craftspersons.

(ii) In Thanjavur, craftspersons were free to produce their creative and specialized crafts at their will, whereas in Calcutta craftspersons worked on a system of advances which meant that they had to weave cloth which was already promised to European agents.

(iii) The Thanjavur craftspersons had liberty to sell their crafts and textiles, whereas in Calcutta they could not sell their own cloth or weaving their own patterns.

(iv) In Calcutta, they had to reproduce the designs supplied to them by the Company agents.

(v) In Calcutta, the native traders and craftspersons now had to move into the Black Towns established by the European companies within these new cities.


Why did people from distant lands visit Surat?


(i)People from distant lands visited Surat because the city was the emporium of western trade during the Mughal period. It was the gateway for trade with West Asia via the Gulf of Ormuz.

(ii)Surat has also been called the gate to Mecca because many pilgrim ships set sail from here.

(iii)In the 17th century, the Portuguese, Dutch and English had their factories and warehouses at Surat.

(iv)The city had several retail and wholesale shops selling cotton textiles.


(v)The textiles of Surat were famous for their gold lace borders (zari) and the textile was popular in the markets of West Asia, Africa and Europe.


(vi)The local rulers built numerous rest-houses to provide various facilities to the people who visited the city. There were magnificent buildings and many pleasure parks.


(vii)The Kathiawad seths or mahajans (moneychangers) had huge banking houses at Surat. The Surat hundis were honoured in Cairo in Egypt, Basra in Iraq and Antwerp in Belgium.


How important were craftspersons for the building and maintenance of temples?


(i) Craftspersons were very important for the building and maintenance of temples.

(ii) For example, the skills and services of the Panchalas or Vishwakarma community, consisting of goldsmiths, bronzesmiths, blacksmiths, masons and carpenters, were essential to the building of temples.

(iii) They were also helpful in the artwork in copper and silver like making idols, designing the walls and the roofs.

(iv) Weavers such as the Saliyar or Kaikkolars were prosperous communities which made donations to temples. They also produced cloth for flags to be used in the temple festival.

(v) At Svamimalai, a temple town, the sthapatis or sculptors made exquisite bronze idols and tall, ornamental bell metal lamps.


Why do you think towns grew around temples?


(i) Towns grew around temples because they were often central to the economy and society.

(ii) Rulers built temples to demonstrate their devotion to various deities.

(iii) They also endowed temples with grants of land and money to carry out elaborate rituals, feed pilgrims and priests and celebrate festivals.

(iv) Pilgrims visited the temples and made donations.

(v) Temple authorities invested the wealth in trade and banking.

(vi) Gradually, a large number of priests, workers, artisans and traders settled near the temple to cater to its needs and those of the pilgrims. Thus grew temple towns.


State whether true or false: (a) We know the name of the architect of the Rajarajeshvara temple from an inscription. (b) Merchants preferred to travel individually rather than in caravans. (c) Kabul was a major centre for trade in elephants. (d) Surat was an important trading port on the Bay of Bengal.


(a) True

(b) False

(c) False

(d) False

Benefits of NCERT Solutions

Following are some of the benefits of using NCERT Solutions by Extramarks.

1. The NCERT solutions for class 7 are prepared keeping in mind the necessary rules and format issued by the CBSE board thus providing students much-needed preview of the exam pattern of questions and preview of the exam that they are going to face during the final exams.

2. The students can be sure about the quality of the solutions as they are committed by highly experienced and expert teachers. These teachers have years of experience and they make sure that there is no mistake committed when preparing the solutions.

3. The NCERT 7 solutions are provided for the questions that are most likely to appear in the exam thus improving the efficiency of the students by helping them prepare for the important parts of the syllabus.

Tips & Strategies for Class 7 Exam Preparation

1. Start your revision early so you can revise well and grasp all the difficult concepts.

2. Organize your study time by making a timetable as it will help you manage your time accordingly.

3. Take mock tests and solve sample papers as they will help you learn time management during the exam and make you familiar with the exam pattern.

4. Take regular breaks, look after yourself by sleeping properly and eating well.

5. Know your exam well, explore the mock tests, and practice sample papers as much as you can.

Why Choose Extramarks CBSE Class 7 Study Materials?

1. The solutions have been compiled keeping in mind the purpose of scoring high marks in exams thus they have everything that the students need to prepare for exams.
2. The NCERT solutions for class 7 are designed in a clear and simple language complete with diagrams so that the students understand the subject well.
3. The NCERT 7 solutions are accurate thus improving their reliability.
4. The solutions are designed by expert and experienced teachers that help in removing all doubts out of the solutions and improving the credibility of the answers.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is class 7 Math NCERT book sufficient for prepare for the exams?

Yes, the NCERT book has been designed keeping in mind the pattern of paper that will be presented in the exam to students. The NCERT book is sufficient to study for the exam as it has everything related to the exam and contains all information out of which the questions will be asked in the exam. But if you want to prepare a little bit extra, we suggest that you go through the NCERT class 7 solutions.

When to refer to NCERT solutions for class 7th?

When you are studying the NCERT book for math and other subjects for your class 7 exams, refer to the NCERT class 7 solutions simultaneously so you can see where you are going wrong and what are you getting right in your exercises’ attempt.

Why are the NCERT solutions important for Class 7th?

The class 7th is very crucial as it is among the major middle school classes during which the child’s base is formed in math and science and even in other subjects like English. Thus, it is students must study smartly in this class and ace their exams while getting all the help they need from the NCERT 7 solutions given by Extramarks.

Can I rely on the NCERT solutions for class 7 Math at Extramarks to perform well in the annual exam?

Yes, absolutely. The NCERT solutions provided by Extramarks for class 7 are eloquent and elaborate at best and are thus useful for students studying for the final exams of class 7. The students will have many questions and doubts regarding the NCERT solutions for class 7 and this is why the solutions have been elaborated well to help students understand the answers to exercises.

Do you provide NCERT solutions for Class 7 Math for free?

Yes, the NCERT solutions for Math and other subjects for class 7 are available for free from Extramarks.

Start Your
7-Days Free Trial
and experience it yourself
Start Trial
Play StoreApp Store
Flying Girl
A subscription
that’s worth your
Get the best classroom experience on
India’s leading learning platform

in touch

Have a query about our services?
Get in touch with us and we will
guide you through a new world of
redefined learning