NCERT Solutions For Class 7 History Social Science Chapter 1 : Tracing Changes Through A Thousand Years


What does the term pan-regional empire mean?


The term ‘pan-regional empire’ means ‘an empire spanning diverse regions’.




Who was considered a “foreigner” in the past?


In the medieval period, a “foreigner” was any stranger who appeared, say, in a given village; someone who was not a part of that society or culture.


Fill in the blanks: (a) Archives are places where ——————— are kept. (b) —————— was a fourteenth-century chronicler. (c) ——, ———, ———, ——— and ——— were some of the new crops introduced into the subcontinent during this period.


(a) Archives are places where documents and manuscripts are kept.

(b) Ziyauddin Barani was a fourteenth-century chronicler.

(c) Potatoes, corn, chillies, tea and coffee were some of the new crops introduced into the subcontinent during this period.


How were the affairs of jatis regulated?


(i) Jatis framed their own rules and regulations to manage the conduct of their members.

(ii) These regulations were enforced by an assembly of elders, described in some areas as the jati panchayat.

(iii) But jatis were also required to follow the rules of their villages; several villages were governed by a chieftain.


In what ways has the meaning of the term “Hindustan” changed over the centuries?


(i) In the thirteenth century by Minhaj-I Siraj, a Persian chronicler, used the term “Hindustan” to indicate the areas of Punjab, Haryana and the lands between the Ganga and Yamuna; he used the term for lands that were a part of the dominions of the Delhi Sultan.

(ii) In the early sixteenth century, Babur used the term “Hindustan” to describe the geography, the fauna and the culture of the inhabitants of the subcontinent.

(iii) Today, the term “Hindustan” means “India”, the modern nation state, from Kashmir to Kanyakumari.


List some of the technological changes associated with this period.


The following technological changes are associated with this period:

  • the Persian wheel in irrigation
  • the spinning wheel in weaving
  • firearms in combat


How do historians divide the past into periods? Do they face any problems in doing so?


(i) Historians divide the past into periods by analyzing economic and social factors to characterise the major elements of different moments of the past.

(ii) Yes, historians face problems in their task of dividing the past into periods. For example, the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries were quite different from the eighth or the eleventh. Therefore, describing the entire period as one historical unit is having its own limitations.

(iii) Moreover, the “medieval” period is often contrasted with the “modern” period.

(v) “Modernity” carries with it a sense of material progress and intellectual advancement.


(vi) This portrays the medieval period as lacking any significant economic and social change. But, the medieval period too did witness its own change and development.


What are the difficulties historians face in using manuscripts?


(i) Manuscripts were collected by wealthy people, rulers, monasteries and temples. They were preserved in libraries and archives.

(ii) There was no printing press in those days so scribes copied manuscripts by hand.

(iii) In the process of copying, they also introduced small changes in words and sentences.

(iv) These small differences grew over centuries of copying until manuscripts of the same text became substantially different from one another.

(v) This is a serious problem. The original manuscript of the author is not available. Historians are totally dependent upon the copies made by later scribes.


(vi) As a result, they have to read different manuscript versions of the same text to guess what the author had originally written.


What were some of the major religious developments during this period?


(i)During this period, important changes occurred in Hinduism. People started worshipping new deities.

(ii)Rulers and kings constructed temples.

(iii)The importance of Brahmanas, the priests, as dominant groups in society grew gradually.

(iv)The development of the idea of Bhakti was another significant feature. The Bhakti was an idea of a loving, personal deity that devotees could reach without the aid of priests and his rituals.

(v)During this period, new religions like Islam came to the subcontinent with migrants and merchants who brought the teachings of the Quran, the Holy book of Muslims. Many rulers became patrons of Islam and the ulama (learned theologians and jurists).





State whether true or false - (a) We do not find inscriptions for the period after 700. (b) The Marathas asserted their political importance during this period. (c) Forest-dwellers were sometimes pushed out of their lands with the spread of agricultural settlements. (d) Sultan Ghiyasuddin Balban controlled Assam, Manipur and Kashmir.


(a) False

(b) True

(c) True

(d) False

Benefits of NCERT Solutions

Following are some of the benefits of using NCERT Solutions by Extramarks.

1. The NCERT solutions for class 7 are prepared keeping in mind the necessary rules and format issued by the CBSE board thus providing students much-needed preview of the exam pattern of questions and preview of the exam that they are going to face during the final exams.

2. The students can be sure about the quality of the solutions as they are committed by highly experienced and expert teachers. These teachers have years of experience and they make sure that there is no mistake committed when preparing the solutions.

3. The NCERT 7 solutions are provided for the questions that are most likely to appear in the exam thus improving the efficiency of the students by helping them prepare for the important parts of the syllabus.

Tips & Strategies for Class 7 Exam Preparation

1. Start your revision early so you can revise well and grasp all the difficult concepts.

2. Organize your study time by making a timetable as it will help you manage your time accordingly.

3. Take mock tests and solve sample papers as they will help you learn time management during the exam and make you familiar with the exam pattern.

4. Take regular breaks, look after yourself by sleeping properly and eating well.

5. Know your exam well, explore the mock tests, and practice sample papers as much as you can.

Why Choose Extramarks CBSE Class 7 Study Materials?

1. The solutions have been compiled keeping in mind the purpose of scoring high marks in exams thus they have everything that the students need to prepare for exams.
2. The NCERT solutions for class 7 are designed in a clear and simple language complete with diagrams so that the students understand the subject well.
3. The NCERT 7 solutions are accurate thus improving their reliability.
4. The solutions are designed by expert and experienced teachers that help in removing all doubts out of the solutions and improving the credibility of the answers.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is class 7 Math NCERT book sufficient for prepare for the exams?

Yes, the NCERT book has been designed keeping in mind the pattern of paper that will be presented in the exam to students. The NCERT book is sufficient to study for the exam as it has everything related to the exam and contains all information out of which the questions will be asked in the exam. But if you want to prepare a little bit extra, we suggest that you go through the NCERT class 7 solutions.

When to refer to NCERT solutions for class 7th?

When you are studying the NCERT book for math and other subjects for your class 7 exams, refer to the NCERT class 7 solutions simultaneously so you can see where you are going wrong and what are you getting right in your exercises’ attempt.

Why are the NCERT solutions important for Class 7th?

The class 7th is very crucial as it is among the major middle school classes during which the child’s base is formed in math and science and even in other subjects like English. Thus, it is students must study smartly in this class and ace their exams while getting all the help they need from the NCERT 7 solutions given by Extramarks.

Can I rely on the NCERT solutions for class 7 Math at Extramarks to perform well in the annual exam?

Yes, absolutely. The NCERT solutions provided by Extramarks for class 7 are eloquent and elaborate at best and are thus useful for students studying for the final exams of class 7. The students will have many questions and doubts regarding the NCERT solutions for class 7 and this is why the solutions have been elaborated well to help students understand the answers to exercises.

Do you provide NCERT solutions for Class 7 Math for free?

Yes, the NCERT solutions for Math and other subjects for class 7 are available for free from Extramarks.

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