NCERT Solutions For Class 7 History Social Science Chapter 7 : Tribes, Nomads and Settled Communities


What kinds of exchanges took place between nomadic pastoralists and settled agriculturists?


Nomadic pastoralists exchanged wool, ghee, etc., with settled agriculturists for grain, cloth, utensils and other products.



(a) The new castes emerging within varnas were called ____________. (b) ___________ were historical works written by the Ahoms. (c) The ____________ mentions that Garha Katanga had 70,000 villages. (d) As tribal states became bigger and stronger, they gave land grants to ____________ and ____________.


(a) The new castes emerging within varnas were called jatis.

(b)Buranjis were historical works written by the Ahoms.

(c) The Akbar Nama mentions that Garha Katanga had 70,000 villages.

(d) As tribal states became bigger and stronger, they gave land grants to poets and scholars


In what ways was the history of the Gonds different from that of the Ahoms? Were there any similarities?



(i) Gonds lived in a vast forested region called Gondwana while the Ahoms migrated to the Brahmaputra valley from present-day Myanmar in the thirteenth century.

(ii) Gonds practiced shifting cultivation while the Ahoms introduced new methods of rice cultivation.

(iii) Gonds were completely annexed by Mughal Empire while the Ahoms were defeated by the Mughals; however, the direct control over the region could not last long.

(i) Gonds and Ahoms had a centralized-administration.

(ii) Both were smaller tribes who emerged as powerful kingdoms by annexing neighbouring small societies and got power.

(iii) Ahom society was divided into clans or khels while the large Gond tribe was further divided into many smaller clans.


Were the Banjaras important for the economy?


(i)Yes. The Banjaras were the most important for the economy. They were the most important trader-nomads.

Their caravan was called tanda.

(ii)Sultan Alauddin Khalji used the Banjaras to transport grain to the city markets.

(iii)Emperor Jahangir wrote in his memoirs that the Banjaras carried grain on their bullocks from different areas and sold it in towns.

(iv)They transported food grain for the Mughal army during military campaigns. With a large army there could be 100,000 bullocks carrying grain.


How did tribal societies change after being organised into a state?


The following changes happened in the tribal societies after being organised into a state:

(i) With the support of the Brahmanas, many tribes became part of the caste system.

(ii) Leading tribal families joined ruling classes and a large majority joined the lower jatis of caste society.

(iii) Dominant tribes of Punjab, Sindh and the North-West Frontier had embraced Islam.

(iv) Some tribes became politically powerful and conflicted with larger and more complex kingdoms and empires.


What changes took place in varna-based society?


(i) Varna-based society and tribal people constantly interacted with each other.

(ii) This interaction caused both kinds of societies to adapt and change.

(iii) There were many different tribes and they took up diverse livelihoods.

(iv) Over a period of time, many of them merged with caste-based society.

(v) Others, however, rejected both the caste system and orthodox Hinduism.

(vi) Some tribes established extensive states with well-organised systems of administration.

(vii) They thus became politically powerful. This brought them into conflict with larger and more complex kingdoms and empires.


How was the administration of the Ahom state organised?


(i) The Ahom state depended upon forced labour called paiks.

(ii) Total number of population was calculated through a census. Each village had to send a number of paiks by rotation.

(iii) People from heavily populated areas were shifted to less populated places.

(iv) Ahom clans were thus broken up. By the first half of the seventeenth century the administration became quite centralised.

(v) Almost all adult males served in the army during war.  At other times, they were engaged in building dams, irrigation systems and other public works.


State whether true or false: (a) Tribal societies had rich oral traditions. (b) There were no tribal communities in the northwestern part of the subcontinent. (c) The chaurasi in Gond states contained several cities. (d) The Bhils lived in the north-eastern part of the subcontinent.



(b) False

(c) False

(d) False


Match the following: garh khel tanda chaurasi labourer caravan clan Garha Katanga Sib Singh Ahom state Durgawati paik


garh                Garha Katanga

tanda              caravan

labourer          paik

clan                chaurasi

Sib Singh       khel

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Following are some of the benefits of using NCERT Solutions by Extramarks.

1. The NCERT solutions for class 7 are prepared keeping in mind the necessary rules and format issued by the CBSE board thus providing students much-needed preview of the exam pattern of questions and preview of the exam that they are going to face during the final exams.

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3. The NCERT 7 solutions are provided for the questions that are most likely to appear in the exam thus improving the efficiency of the students by helping them prepare for the important parts of the syllabus.

Tips & Strategies for Class 7 Exam Preparation

1. Start your revision early so you can revise well and grasp all the difficult concepts.

2. Organize your study time by making a timetable as it will help you manage your time accordingly.

3. Take mock tests and solve sample papers as they will help you learn time management during the exam and make you familiar with the exam pattern.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Is class 7 Math NCERT book sufficient for prepare for the exams?

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When you are studying the NCERT book for math and other subjects for your class 7 exams, refer to the NCERT class 7 solutions simultaneously so you can see where you are going wrong and what are you getting right in your exercises’ attempt.

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The class 7th is very crucial as it is among the major middle school classes during which the child’s base is formed in math and science and even in other subjects like English. Thus, it is students must study smartly in this class and ace their exams while getting all the help they need from the NCERT 7 solutions given by Extramarks.

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Yes, absolutely. The NCERT solutions provided by Extramarks for class 7 are eloquent and elaborate at best and are thus useful for students studying for the final exams of class 7. The students will have many questions and doubts regarding the NCERT solutions for class 7 and this is why the solutions have been elaborated well to help students understand the answers to exercises.

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Yes, the NCERT solutions for Math and other subjects for class 7 are available for free from Extramarks.

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