NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Contemporary India Chapter 1 India - Size and Location


The central location of India at the head of the Indian Ocean is considered of great significance. Why?


The Indian landmass has a central location between East and West Asia. It is a southward extension of the Asian Continent. The Trans Indian Ocean routes, which connect the countries of Europe in the West and the countries of East Asia, provide a strategic central location to India. The Deccan Peninsula protrudes into the Indian Ocean, thus helping India to establish close contact with West Asia, Africa and Europe from the western coast and with Southeast and East Asia from the eastern coast. It has a long coastline on the Indian Ocean which gives it eminent position in the Indian Ocean.


The sun rises two hours earlier in Arunachal Pradesh as compared to Gujarat in the west but the watches show the same time. How does this happen?


The latitudinal and longitudinal extent of the mainland is about 30°. The Earth rotates 360˚ in 24 hours in the west to east direction. It means 15˚ in 1 hour or 30˚ in 2 hours. But the watches in all parts of India are run according to standard time measured from 82° 30' E longitude. So, the watches in Arunachal Pradesh and Gujarat show the same time despite the different sunrise.


Identify the following with the help of map reading. (i) The Island groups of India lying in the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal. (ii) The countries constituting Indian Subcontinent. (iii) The states through which the Tropic of Cancer passes. (iv) The northernmost latitude in degrees. (v) The southernmost latitude of the Indian mainland in degrees. (vi) The eastern and the westernmost longitude in degrees. (vii) The place situated on the three seas. (viii) The strait separating Sri Lanka from India. (ix) The Union Territories of India.



Answer the following questions briefly.
(i) Name the group of islands lying in the Arabian Sea.
(ii) Name the countries which are larger than India.
(iii) Which island group of India lies to its south-east?
(iv) Which island countries are our southern neighbours?


(i) Lakshadweep is a group of islands situated some 400 km off India's west coast in the Arabian Sea.
(ii) Russia, Canada, USA, China, Brazil and Australia are larger than India
(iii) The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are a group of islands at the juncture of the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea and lie to its south-east.
(iv) The Sri Lanka and the Maldives are our southern neighbours.


Choose the right answer from the four alternatives given below.
(i) The Tropic of Cancer does not pass through
(a) Rajasthan (c) Chhattisgarh
(b) Odisha (d) Tripura
(ii) The easternmost longitude of India is
(a) 97° 25' E (c) 77° 6' E
(b) 68° 7' E (d) 82° 32' E
(iii) Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal and Sikkim have common frontiers with
(a) China (c) Nepal
(b) Bhutan (d) Myanmar
(iv) If you intend to visit Kavarati during your summer vacations, which one of the following Union Territories of India you will be going to
(a) Puducherry (c) Andaman and Nicobar
(b) Lakshadweep (d) Daman and Diu
(v) My friend hails from a country which does not share land boundary with India. Identify the country.
(a) Bhutan (c) Bangladesh
(b) Tajikistan (d) Nepal


(i)  (b) Odisha
(ii) (a) 97° 25' E
(iii) (c) Nepal
(iv) (b) Lakshadweep
(v) (b) Tajikistan

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