NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science India and the Contemporary World - I Chapter 3 Nazism and the Rise of Hitler


In what ways did the Nazi state seek to establish total control over its people?


(i) On 30 January 1933, Hitler became the Chancellor in the cabinet of Germany.

(ii) A few days later, a mysterious fire broke out in the German Parliament building in February. Following this, the Fire Decree of 28 February 1933 indefinitely suspended civic rights (freedom of speech, press and assembly).

(iii) Then the Nazis killed many Communists in the concentration camps.

(iv) On 3 March 1933, the famous Enabling Act was passed; this Act established dictatorship in Germany. It gave Hitler all powers to surpass Parliament and rule by decree.

(v) All political parties and trade unions were banned except for the Nazi Party. The state controlled the economy, media, army and judiciary.

(vi) Special surveillance and security forces such as SA (Storm Troopers), the Gestapo (secret state police), the SS (the protection squads), criminal police, and the Security Service (SD) were created to control people.

(vii) People could now be detained in Gestapo torture chambers, rounded up and sent to concentration camps.


Explain what role women had in Nazi society. Return to Chapter 1 on the French Revolution. Write a paragraph comparing and contrasting the role of women in the two periods.


Role of women in Nazi society:

In Nazi Germany all mothers were not treated equally. Women who bore racially undesirable children were punished and those who produced racially desirable children were awarded and given best medical treatment. They were also entitled to concessions in shops and theatre and railway. To encourage women to produce many children, Honour Crosses were awarded: a bronze cross for four children, silver for six and gold for eight). ‘Aryan’ women were punished for deviating the prescribed code of conduct. ‘Aryan’ women who maintained contact with Jews, Poles and Russians were paraded through the town with shaved heads, blackened faces and placards hanging around their necks announcing ‘I have sullied the honour of the nation’. Many were jailed and lost families for this criminal offence.

Role of women in the French Revolution:

During the French Revolution, women led strikes and radical movements and fought for rights to education and equal wages. They formed political clubs and newspapers. They demanded the right to vote, to be elected to the Assembly and to hold political office. Schooling was made compulsory for them after the French Revolution.

In Nazi society women were expected to deliver babies with the so-called “pure Aryan blood” to maintain the Nazi belief in the Aryan racial superiority.


Explain why Nazi propaganda was effective in creating a hatred for Jews.


(i) Nazi propaganda effectively created a hatred for Jews through language and media with care. The Nazis coined deceptive terms to describe their various killing practices against Jews.

(ii) Mass killings were termed special treatment, final solution (for the Jews), euthanasia (for the disabled), selection and disinfections, and evacuation (deporting people to gas chambers).

(iii) The gas chambers where Jews were killed were called ‘disinfection-areas’.

(iv) Media was carefully used to popularise Nazi ideas through visual images, films, radio, posters, catchy slogans and leaflets.

(v) In posters, Jews were projected as the ‘enemies’ of Germans. They were stereotyped, mocked, abused and described as evil.

(vi) Socialists and liberals were shown as weak, degenerate and malicious foreign agents.

(vii) Propaganda films such as The Eternal Jew were made to create hatred for Jews.


What are the peculiar features of Nazi thinking?


(i) The Nazis believed there was no equality between people, but only a racial hierarchy.

(ii) They argued that the strongest race would survive and the weak ones would perish, and the Aryan race was the finest. It had to retain its purity, become stronger and dominate the world.

(iii) The geopolitical concept of Lebensraum (living space) was yet another peculiar feature of the Nazi ideology.

(iv) Hitler believed that new territories had to be acquired for settlement of the so-called Aryan race. It would also enhance the material resources and power of the German nation.


Discuss why Nazism became popular in Germany by 1930.


(i) During the years of the Great Depression between 1924 and 1928, the German economy was the worst hit by the economic crisis.

(ii) By 1932, industrial production was reduced to 40 per cent. Workers lost their jobs or were paid reduced wages. Unemployed touched an unprecedented 6 million.

(iii) It was during the Great Depression that Nazism became a mass movement.

(iv) After 1929, banks collapsed and businesses shut down; the economic crisis created deep anxieties and fears among the salaried employees and pensioners.

(v) In such a situation Nazi propaganda stirred hopes of a better future.

(vi) Hitler was a powerful orator. He promised to build a strong nation, undo the injustice of the Versailles Treaty and restore the dignity of the German people.

(vii) In 1928, the Nazi Party got no more than 2. 6 per cent votes in the Reichstag (the German parliament); however, by 1932, it had become the largest party with 37 per cent votes.


Describe the problems faced by the Weimar Republic.


(i) After the defeat of Imperial Germany and the abdication of the emperor, a National Assembly met at Weimar and established a democratic constitution with a federal structure.

(ii) At the end of the First World War, the Weimar Republic was forced to accept the treaty terms dictated by the Allied Powers after Germany’s defeat.

(iii) The republic carried the burden of war guilt and national humiliation and financial crisis after paying huge war reparation.

(iv) The supporters (Socialists, Catholics and Democrats) of the Weimar Republic became easy targets of attack in the conservative nationalist circles.

(v) They were mockingly called the November criminals.

(vi) The birth of the Weimar Republic also coincided with the revolutionary uprising of the Spartacist League on the pattern of the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia.

(vii) Soviets of workers and sailors were established in cities. Radical communists in Berlin demanded Soviet-style governance.

(viii) The socialists, Democrats and Catholics were opposed to this and met in Weimar to give shape to the democratic republic. However, they were crushed by the Weimar Republic with the help of a war veterans’ organisation called Free Corps.

(ix) The Spartacists later founded the Communist Party of Germany.

Benefits of NCERT Solutions

Following are some of the benefits of using NCERT Solutions by Extramarks.

1. They are developed by our experts with the right approach for precisely answering the textbook questions.

2. They are free of cost and available online to help class 9 students.

3. They not only explain every topic but also prepare students for further examinations. 

4. They are proven to be helpful to students in their exam preparation, homework and competitive exams.

5. They will help in understanding the solutions and the methodology of writing the answers in the exams.

Tips & Strategies for Class 9 Exam Preparation

1. Jot down important chapters or topics for your exam preparation.

2. Learn from the best teachers with Extramarks and clear your doubts instantly.

3. While practicing, refer to NCERT Solutions for class 9 to understand step-by-step solutions to all questions.

4. Solve as many sample papers as you can to prepare well for the exams.

5. Lastly, don’t panic. Try to meditate at least for 15 minutes every day- it will help you retain things better.

Why opt for Extramarks NCERT Solutions for Class 9 ?

Extramarks provide NCERT Solutions for all subjects at your fingertips. These solutions are designed by subject matter experts and provide solutions to every NCERT textbook questions. These solutions help students in their exam preparation and home assignments. We hope NCERT Solutions for class 9 will come in handy for every student and help them understand everything in a better way.

Frequently Asked Questions

When to refer to NCERT Solutions for Class 9?

You can refer to NCERT solutions for class 9 anytime during your academic year. Whether you are preparing for class tests or unit tests or pre-board exams, you can refer to the class 9 NCERT solutions easily. The NCERT solutions are available on Extramarks - The Learning App and Extramarks website in the footer section.

What can I do to get better marks in Class 9?

If you want to gain good marks in Class 9 examination then we suggest that you go through NCERT books solutions for class 9 listed on the Extramarks website. The solutions are self-explanatory and written in easy to understand language so you can easily learn and ace your exams with the help of these solutions.

Why are the NCERT solutions Important for Class 9?

NCERT solutions class 9 are self-explanatory and form the basis of examination. Since the exam syllabus is taken directly out of the NCERT books, studying NCERT solutions becomes important to prepare for the exams.

What are some expert tips to score good marks in Class 9 CBSE?

If you want to score good marks in Class 9, follow these tips:

1. Study NCERT Solutions from Extramarks website.

2. Study using Extramarks - The Learning App, practice using the sample papers, and prepare through the interactive video modules.

3. Prepare a timetable and schedule your subjects and save time for revision.. Get concept clarity by tuning in to the Extramarks live classes.

How to Prepare for Competitive Exam Through NCERT Class 9 Solutions?

NCERT solutions for Class 9 science are amazingly useful for JEE and NEET and if you are preparing for any other competitive exam then consider studying through the NCERT solutions listed on the Extramarks website. You can also study the 9-10 and other classes syllabus on Extramarks - The Learning App.

Start Your
7-Days Free Trial
and experience it yourself
Start Trial
Play StoreApp Store
Flying Girl
A subscription
that’s worth your
Get the best classroom experience on
India’s leading learning platform

in touch

Have a query about our services?
Get in touch with us and we will
guide you through a new world of
redefined learning