Organising refers to a process that coordinates human efforts, assembles resources and integrates them for achieving specified objectives. The steps in process of organising are identification and division of work, departmentalisation, assignment of duties and establishing reporting framework. Organising is important as it has benefits of specialisation, adapts to change, helps in development of personnel, expansion and growth, etc. Organisation structure refers to a frame work within which managerial and operating tasks are performed. A functional structure is an organisational design that groups similar or related jobs together. Divisional organisation structure means division of the whole enterprise according to the major products to be manufactured by it. While functional structure is formed on the basis of functions, divisional structure is formed on the basis of products lines and is supported by functions. Formal Organisation is one wherein relationship is definite and defined beforehand. Informal Organisation is one wherein relationships are not definite.
Delegation of authority merely means the granting of authority to subordinates to operate within prescribed limits. Delegation is important as it leads to effective management, helps in development of employees by giving them more opportunities to utilise their talent, motivates employees, etc. Decentralisation refers to systematic efforts to lowest level all authority except that which can be exercised at central points whereas centralisation means concentration of all decision-making functions at the higher management levels.